Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Topeka, KS

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FXUS63 KTOP 161924

224 PM CDT Sat May 16 2015

.SHORT TERM...(This Evening through Sunday)
Issued at 221 PM CDT SAT MAY 16 2015

Monitoring convective development across the Central and High Plains
at this hour, ahead of stronger dynamic upper low lifting across
central New Mexico, and along a leading piece of shortwave energy
moving into north central Oklahoma.  Line of convergence in the
surface winds extends from near Burlington, all the way southwest
into the Texas Panhandle and is aiding in storms developing to the
southwest.  Forecast area started out cloudy but has broken out with
some sunshine and is likely boosting instability for the area.

Still some variability in modes and timing with these two features as
they move across the forecast area, but for the most part moving
first round into the western cwa in the 4-8pm window, with second
following close behind and moving through the area late evening
through the early morning hours. Initial feature coincides with
increasing 0-6km bulk shear into the 40-50 kt range as wind speeds
increase aloft with incoming jet streak, but will also face some
challenges given ongoing moderate rain working over instability in
Central Kansas.  Also hard to find what low level feature storms
will latch on to for stronger enhancement aside from the
aforementioned boundary, but current convection likely to lay down
boundaries and locally enhance storm development as the afternoon
goes on. Lack of a capped atmosphere also makes focal point harder
to determine, and for now have used current convection and incoming
upper waves for forecast timing. Will need to keep an eye on storms
as they move into our area where skies have been sunny and
atmosphere is likely more unstable.  Primary threats from storms
remain large hail and strong winds, with enhanced risk focused along
and west of Topeka, and far western counties still hatched in a
moderate risk. Tornado risk is of a more isolated nature, however
potential for a stronger tornado increases westward into the far
western counties generally west of Abilene. Repeated training of
cells over any one area may also bring locally heavy rainfall and a
risk for localized flooding.

Larger scale upper trof makes a quick exit to  the northeast on
Sunday morning, with areas drying out west to east through sunrise.
Westerly flow behind the wave actually brings a nose of warmer air
in aloft and boosts high temperatures on Sunday from the upper 70s
to middle 80s.

.LONG TERM...(Sunday Night through Saturday)
Issued at 221 PM CDT SAT MAY 16 2015

As the upper trough lifts northeast towards the Great Lakes region,
a cold front surges southeast through the CWA Sunday evening.
Northwest winds around 10 to 15 mph under mostly clear skies will quickly
cool the surface into the 50s for Monday morning. The front becomes
quasi stationary over southern Kansas on Monday with possible
showers developing just south of the CWA. For northeast Kansas,
expect sunny skies, gusty north winds, and cooler highs in the upper
60s to lower 70s. Upper ridge builds in Tuesday morning as light
winds and strong decoupling of the boundary layer will cool off lows
to the lower 40s. The next open upper trough building over Colorado
will shift east into central KS on Tuesday. Light surface winds veer
towards the east with weak cool air advection and increasing
cloudiness to drop highs into the lower and middle 60s. Showers and
isolated thunderstorms may begin to impact north central Kansas,
with chances increasing to likely Tuesday evening and Wednesday as
all guidance is increasingly similar in the main upper forcing
lifting across the area. Not expecting severe storms with this
system given the limited instability profile.

In the extended period, the passing upper trough shears out as
residual energy ingests into a strong upper low towards the northern
Great Lakes. Lack of strong warm advection and persistent cloud
cover will keep temps through Wednesday in the lower 60s before
southeasterly flow increases Thursday into Friday with a strong
southwest upper trough building towards the plains. Embedded weaker
waves impact the CWA beginning Friday and continuing through the
weekend as the system approaches. At this time, its difficult to
determine the intensity of these storms, however signals of decent
instability and increasing wind shear with the jet max would support
scattered severe storms during the afternoon and evening hours.


.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFs through 18Z Sunday Afternoon)
Issued at 1234 PM CDT SAT MAY 16 2015

Sites have cleared to VFR after a line of showers moved through the
area this morning.  VFR should continue until a line of storms moves
from SW to NE this afternoon into tonight impacting all terminals.  Exact
timing and coverage of these storms is still uncertain, and have
continued to use VCTS for this reason.  Storms will clear overnight
into tomorrow morning from W to E. After this clearing VFR will




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