Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Paducah, KY

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FXUS63 KPAH 250022

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Paducah KY
722 PM CDT Sun Jun 24 2018

Issued at 722 PM CDT Sun Jun 24 2018

Updated aviation section for 00z TAF package.


.SHORT TERM...(Tonight through Tuesday night)
Issued at 337 PM CDT Sun Jun 24 2018

The primary forecast challenge will be within the next 21-24 hours
hours (roughly ending around noon Monday) and more likely within
the next 15 hours (ending at 7 am CDT Monday).

The Mesoscale Convective Vortex (MCV) that originated this morning
near northeast OK, southwest MO, and northwest AR is expected to
elongate and stretch out into progressive shortwave overnight.

The big question will be where the warm front finally stalls out
in the eastern part (mainly west Kentucky) of the WFO PAH
forecast area. The LAPS surface data from this morning has been
fairly consistent keeping a warm frontal boundary near the MS
river in southwest Illinois, but has been wavering from northern
to central sections of the Pennyrile region of west Kentucky. This
has limited the northward transport of higher theta-e air/surface
CAPE into the southern Purchase and Pennyrile of west Kentucky.
Anticipate that will change as the initial circulation aloft
generates an ageostrophic wind response, pulling moisture back
northwest into west Kentucky and parts of extreme southern

The potential for good moisture advection, higher precipitable
water just to the south may lead to localized flooding concerns
overnight. See hydro section for more details.

From late Monday into Monday evening, weak ridging/stabilization
of boundary layer should provide a minimum for convective
potential. Anticipate the SPC Day 2 will focus on the late Monday
night/Tuesday morning in advance of the northwest U.S. closed
low/shortwave trough that has been forecast to move northwest and
north of the WFO PAH forecast area into Wednesday. With the
trajectory of the warm sector, moisture advection and temperatures
will lead to heat index values near 100 degrees moving well into
southeast Missouri and southwest Kentucky Tuesday afternoon.

.LONG TERM...(Wednesday through Sunday)
Issued at 337 PM CDT Sun Jun 24 2018

With the departure of the upper low northeast of the Great Lakes,
the WFO PAH forecast area will remain entrenched in a warm sector
with increasing heights aloft and subsidence. There will still
remain a very low level trajectory of moist air from the western
Gulf of Mexico into the area, keeping higher dewpoints (low 70s) across
the area through the weekend.

Medium range models differ on the centroid for the high pressure
during the latter part of the week over the WFO PAH forecast area,
so isolated thunderstorms may still be possible.

The bigger story from Thursday through Sunday will be widespread
heat index values between 105 and possibly up to 110 degrees.
Would be surprised if a heat watch is issued for the latter part
of the week to indicate a high probability of heat index values in
excess of 105 degrees. The initial start time of an advisory will
be the biggest question. Diurnal convection chances will increase
from the south and southeast over the weekend, but will be limited
in scope.


Issued at 722 PM CDT Sun Jun 24 2018

On and off convection expected through mainly the first 18 hours
of the TAF period. Went with better chances through 06z for now at
all sites, and included VCSH with TEMPO groups for TSRA with MVFR
conditions. MVFR fog possible after 09z with scattered showers,
then VFR conditions at all sites after 14z. Winds will be variable
around 5 kts or less through the TAF period.


Issued at 337 PM CDT Sun Jun 24 2018

The WFO PAH forecast area is on the cusp of higher layer
atmospheric moisture values (precipitable water) between 1.3 to
1.7 inches along the Kentucky/Tennessee border as of 3 pm CDT.
With the approach of an elongated shear zone with an MCV being
stretched out, a warm frontal zone, and an open trajectory of
moisture flow expected to move north overnight.

In coordination and discussion with WPC, as well as NWS offices in
Louisville KY and Nashville, TN, added and area of one to locally
three inches mainly over west Kentucky, southern Illinois (along
and south of route 13) and the Delta region of southeast Missouri.

Was hesitant on pulling the trigger on a flood or flash flood
watch overnight, mainly due to the uncertainty to where the final
rain-cooled warm frontal zone boundary will stall out and generate
a zone for any training thunderstorm activity.

In addition, antecedent (past) rainfall and soil moisture remains
less than 15 percent and flash flood guidance in the one to three
hour time frame remain at or above two inches.

For now, will highlight heavy rain potential in text, tabular,
graphic forecast products, as well as discuss in the Hazardous
Weather Outlook. If time permits, will also try to highlight in
social media, but may be competing with convective (severe)
potential late this afternoon and this evening.




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