Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Bismarck, ND

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FXUS63 KBIS 300241
AFDBIS

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Bismarck ND
941 PM CDT FRI JUL 29 2016

.UPDATE...
Issued at 935 PM CDT Fri Jul 29 2016

Other than to blend to observed trends through 02 UTC, the
forecast remains relatively unchanged. The 23-01 UTC HRRR/HRRRX
continue to suggest isolated elevated convection late tonight into
Saturday morning south central and east with a weak low level jet
aided by a mid level shortwave and increasing moisture transport.
Severe weather is not expected.

UPDATE Issued at 635 PM CDT Fri Jul 29 2016

No significant changes with this update other than to blend to
observed trends through 23 UTC. Overall, shower and thunderstorm
coverage has decreased over the past one to two hours across
central North Dakota. However, given plentiful outflow boundaries,
the potential for weak funnel clouds continues through sunset.
Additional elevated storms are possible south central and into the
James River Valley late tonight aided by the interaction of a weak
low level jet and mid level shortwave. Severe weather is not
expected.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Sunday)

Issued at 300 PM CDT Fri Jul 29 2016

Forecast highlights in the short term period will be increasing
chances for thunderstorms along with a warming trend into the
weekend. Severe storms possible Sunday and Sunday night.

Currently, the aerial coverage of showers and/or thunderstorms
continues to increase this afternoon, with isolated activity now
stretching father north across central ND. This activity is
concentrated along an axis of instability east of a subtle surface
low, and ahead of a decent mid level shortwave trough moving
southeast into the Northern Plains. Extensive CU field continues
over much of western ND, though high res models now mostly dry
there and this area also void of any radar returns, so have scaled
back on pops west. Bulk shear parameters in addition to mid level
lapse rates should keep all activity well below severe thresholds
through tonight with short-lived single cell thunderstorms.

Greatest coverage and chances for showers and/or thunderstorms
will continue to be over the south central and into the James
River Valley this evening before diminishing chances overnight
but not entirely ending.

For Saturday, warmer air and increasing moisture across the region
with an increasing southerly return flow. Highs generally in the
80s most areas. Chance for thunderstorms mainly over my east on
Saturday underneath an instability axis and collocated with the
better boundary layer moisture, though weaker mid level forcing
as we are seeing today so kept chances in the slight category.

Models portraying a closed upper low moving slowly east across
central Alberta Sunday morning with a shortwave ridge developing
across the Northern Plains. At the surface a trough of low
pressure will be in place from Saturday across the high plains,
though the southerly return flow should increase helping to
advect additional low level moisture and even warmer air into our
region. Rich surface dewpoints well into the 60s and perhaps low
70s will materialize along to ahead of the trough, especially
across the central and eastern portions of the state. Daytime
highs mid 80s east to mid/upper 90s west closer to the thermal
ridge. Needless to say we will realize ample instability during
the day Sunday with the expected heat and humidity along to ahead
of the sfc trough which is expected to be near the MT/ND border
area by 18Z Sunday. At this time models still advertise values of
3-5K J/KG of MUCAPE with rather marginal bulk shear values of
30-35KTs. Surface trough/cold front will start to shift east into
western ND mid-late Sunday afternoon, along with increasing mid
level divergence behind the s/wv ridge as our flow becomes more
southwesterly. Convective initialization expected once forcing
and/or surface heating overcomes the capping inversion, which
appears to range from late afternoon/early evening. Strong to
severe convection expected to then expand east Sunday evening
before pushing out or ending overnight into Monday morning. Will
continue to mention the possible severe in the HWO.

.LONG TERM...(Monday through Friday)
Issued at 228 PM CDT Fri Jul 29 2016

Active cyclonic flow will remain over the area on Monday, with
thunderstorms expected to develop to the east of a boundary
draped through central North Dakota. Chances continue into the
evening as storms gradually push east. Temperatures will be milder
behind the boundary.

Compact upper low digs through the Pacific Northwest and crosses
the Rockies near the international border early Wednesday before
it opens up as it ejects into the plains Wednesday afternoon,
bringing additional thunderstorm chances.

Weak upper ridging will bring drier conditions to end the work
week.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Saturday evening)
Issued at 935 PM CDT Fri Jul 29 2016

Isolated thunderstorms are possible across central North Dakota
tonight. The most likely terminals to be impacted are KBIS and
KJMS. Low stratus and fog may form late tonight into Saturday
morning across north central North Dakota. However, given
uncertainty, will leave out of the KMOT TAF for now and will
monitor trends.

&&

.BIS Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
NONE.
&&

$$

UPDATE...AYD
SHORT TERM...NH
LONG TERM...JJS
AVIATION...AYD



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