Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS La Crosse, WI

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FXUS63 KARX 160601
AFDARX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service La Crosse WI
101 AM CDT Tue May 16 2017

.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Tuesday)
Issued at 233 PM CDT Mon May 15 2017

Complex scenario this afternoon into the overnight concerning
thunderstorm coverage and severe potential. As of 15.19Z, there is
a narrow band of showers and thunderstorms from the Twin Cities to
La Crosse to Richland Center along the leading instability gradient.
These storms are producing some pea hail and brief heavy rain,
but are otherwise not expected to produce widespread severe
storms as they lift northeastward this afternoon.

For much of the morning, convection allowing models (CAMs) were
showing additional convective development by mid-afternoon across
south-central MN into northern IA within 1500-2500 J/kg MLCAPE
instability plume (surface dewpoints mid 50s to mid 60s) and 30 to
40 kts of 0-3 km shear as a weak short-wave lifted across the
region. Latest HRRR/ESRL HRRR now appear to be backing away from
that idea somewhat, or least delaying it until late afternoon/early
evening, so overall confidence not as high as preferred this
close to a potential event. If storms do develop, instability/shear
profiles support large hail and damaging winds for areas mainly
south of I-90. Farther north, severe potential is more limited.

A second round of showers and thunderstorms is possible later this
evening and into the overnight as an ill-defined surface warm
front currently draped across central IA is forecast to lift
northward with a strengthening low-level jet. Elevated storms
north of the front could produce hail, but freezing levels around
12-13 kft may be a limiting factor for severe hail. Perhaps a
greater threat will be locally heavy rainfall with training
potential and PWATs around 1.5 inches, although placement of this
precipitation is uncertain and dependent on the evolution of
storms this afternoon. If, and it`s a big if, the warm front can
move far enough north early this evening and encounter a more
unstable/pristine, moisture-rich boundary layer, cannot completely
rule out an isolated tornado or damaging winds. Confidence in
this scenario is very low.

Warm front should lift north of I-90 by 12Z Tuesday, allowing for
some lingering morning convection mainly north of I-94. Still
expect a drying trend into the afternoon with periods of sunshine.
Atmosphere becomes well capped with 925 hPa temperatures rising
to between +21 and +24 Celsius. Assuming there is clean window
with more sun than clouds, temperatures are likely to rise into
the mid to upper 80s, but still cannot rule out some locations
reaching 90 degrees. Tuesday still looking breezy to locally windy
with roughly 30 to 35 kts in the well mixed boundary layer. This
will result in frequent southerly gusts up to 35 mph, especially
west of the MS River.

.LONG TERM...(Tuesday night through Monday)
Issued at 233 PM CDT Mon May 15 2017

Shower and thunderstorm chances return Tuesday night through
Wednesday as a negatively-tilted 500 hPa closed low lifts
northeastward from the Central Plains to the Upper Midwest.
Despite strong shear, severe potential looks iffy at this point
with a dirty warm sector. If substantial clearing/heating can
occur ahead of the eastward advancing cold front, some severe
storms will be possible. Latest GFS/NAM/ECMWF continue to show
that the highest QPF will fall along and north of the surface low
track from central MN into northern WI. Highs Wednesday will be
cooler, generally in the 70s region-wide.

Should see a brief dry period on Thursday with short-wave ridging
aloft, although temperatures will be dropping into the 60s for
highs. Precipitation chances return Friday into the weekend as a
broad trough with multiple short-waves takes up residence across
the the western two-thirds of the CONUS. Instability generally
remains south of the forecast area, so thunder activity is
unlikely. Temperatures will also be unseasonably cool with daily
highs in the upper 50s to lower 60s.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Tuesday night)
Issued at 101 AM CDT Tue May 16 2017

Periods of thunderstorms will continue through about 10z then
taper off. The storms will produce heavy rain and small hail at
times. Expect MVFR to IFR in any stronger storms. Look for strong
southerly winds to develop by Tuesday afternoon.

&&

.ARX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
WI...None.
MN...None.
IA...None.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...Rogers
LONG TERM...Rogers
AVIATION...Wetenkamp



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