Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS

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000
CXUS53 KICT 040048 CCA
CLMCNU

CLIMATE REPORT...CORRECTED NUMBER OF THUNDERSTORM DAYS
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WICHITA KS
747 PM CDT WED SEP 3 2014

...................................

...THE CHANUTE KS CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF APRIL 2014...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1894 TO 2014

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              96   04/14/1936
 LOW               20   04/08/2007
HIGHEST            83   04/23                         84  04/29
LOWEST             23R  04/15                         30  04/24
AVG. MAXIMUM     69.6              67.9     1.7     62.9
AVG. MINIMUM     42.1              45.8    -3.7     42.0
MEAN             55.8              56.8    -1.0     52.4
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.1    -0.1        0
DAYS MAX <= 32      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MIN <= 32      8               2.1     5.9        3
DAYS MIN <= 0       0               0.0     0.0        0

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM        16.25   1994
 MINIMUM           MM   MM
TOTALS           2.00              4.40   -2.40     4.27
DAILY AVG.       0.07              0.15   -0.08     0.14
DAYS >= .01         8               9.8    -1.8       13
DAYS >= .10         6               6.4    -0.4        6
DAYS >= .50         1               3.0    -2.0        4
DAYS >= 1.00        0               1.1    -1.1        1
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.85   04/13 TO 04/14

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL     287               271      16      383
 SINCE 7/1       4993              4402     591     4181
COOLING TOTAL      16                27     -11       14
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              12.6
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    41/260    DATE  04/28
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    53/260    DATE  04/28

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)    0
AVERAGE SKY COVER           0.40
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR           16
NUMBER OF DAYS PC              9
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY          5

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     58

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              6     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                3     RAIN                       3
LIGHT RAIN                9     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          0     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       0
LIGHT SNOW                1     SLEET                      0
FOG                      10     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      0
HAZE                     13

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

        ...WICHITA EXPERIENCES 6TH DRIEST APRIL ON RECORD...

APRIL HAS BEEN PREDOMINANTLY DRY...SO MUCH IN FACT...THAT THE 0.53
INCH MEASURED AT MID-CONTINENT AIRPORT MADE THE 2014 EDITION THE 6TH
DRIEST ON RECORD IN WICHITA`S 125-YEAR CLIMATE HISTORY. IF IT HADN`T
BEEN FOR THE 0.39 INCH MEASURED ON THE 2ND THEN THIS WOULD HAVE BEEN
WICHITA`S DRIEST APRIL ON RECORD. WICHITA`S NORMAL APRIL RAINFALL IS
2.59 INCHES.

=====================================================================

THE FOLLOWING ARE WICHITA`S TEN DRIEST APRILS SINCE 1889:

RANK  YEAR  AMOUNT (INCHES)
1ST:  1963       0.22
2ND:  1989       0.23
3RD:  1893       0.25
4TH:  1981       0.38
5TH:  1895       0.40
6TH:  2014      *0.53*
7TH:  1953/1937  0.57
9TH:  1936       0.58
10TH: 1987       0.61

=====================================================================

THE FOLLOWING ARE WICHITA`S TEN WETTEST APRIL`S SINCE 1889:

RANK  YEAR  AMOUNT (INCHES)
1ST:  1944      12.42
2ND:  2009       9.94
3RD:  1942       7.08
4TH:  1945       6.79
5TH:  1951       6.33
6TH:  1940       6.15
7TH:  1922       6.12
8TH:  1999       6.02
9TH:  1901       5.83
10TH: 1976       5.57

=====================================================================

NO DOUBT THE PATHETIC APRIL PRECIPITATION HAD SIGNIFICANT
AMIFICATIONS. THE TWO GREATEST WERE AN EXTREME GRASSLAND FIRE DANGER
AND DUST STORMS.

                       "SMOKE GETS IN YOUR EYES"

THE DEARTH OF MOISTURE ACTUALLY DATES BACK TO EARLY FEBRUARY...WHEN
THE 2ND OF TWO WINTER STORMS HIT THE AREA ON THE 10TH. SINCE THEN
GENERALLY NO MORE THAN 2 INCHES HAD BEEN RECEIVED ACROSS
SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS... AND WITH WINDS FREQUENTLY REACHING 30 TO 40
MPH SUSTAINED WITH GUSTS AROUND 45 MPH...THE GROUNDS DRIED QUICKLY.
THIS GREATLY ELEVATED THE GRASSLAND FIRE DANGER INTO THE "EXTREME"
CATEGORY...PROMPTING THE RED FLAGS TO BE HOISTED ON MANY OCCASIONS.
THERE WERE INSTANCES IN WHICH THE SMOKE WAS QUITE PUNGENT...BUT THIS
ALSO PRODUCED SOME BRILLIANT SUNSETS.

ALTHOUGH SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS WERE INFREQUENT...THE ATMOSPHERE WAS
ACTIVE NONE-THE-LESS AS INTENSE CYCLONES...BOTH AT THE SURFACE AND
ALOFT...LED TO MANY WINDY DAYS AND NIGHTS.

THE WIND MACHINE OPERATED AT "FULL THROTTLE" ON THE 23RD AND THE
28TH.

ON THE 23RD...DISSIPATING THUNDERSTORMS COMBINED WITH STIFF
SOUTHERLY 30 TO 35 MPH WINDS TO PRODUCE 60 TO 70 MPH GUSTS ACROSS
SOUTH-CENTRAL KANSAS. A DUST STORM RESULTED THAT...IN SOME
CASES...RESTRICTED VISIBILITIES TO AROUND 1 MILE. A TRACTOR TRAILER
WAS OPVERTURNED ON I-70 11 MILES EAST OF SALINA.

ON THE 28TH...THE DUST STORMS PROVED FATAL. ONE PERSON WAS KILLED ON
HIGHWAY 56 SEVEN MILES WEST OF GREAT BEND WHEN THE DRIVER OF A
CADILLAC ESCALADE STRUCK THE REAR OF A SEMI THAT HAD STOPPED.

=====================================================================

THE FOLLOWING ARE WINDS THAT REACHED OR EXCEEDED 50 MPH:

ON THE 23RD:

TIME     LOCATION               SPEED (E=ESTIMATED M=MEASURED)
815 PM   5 WSW GREAT BEND       M58 MPH
1014 PM  WICHITA MID-CONTINENT  M59 MPH
1019 PM  4 N WELLINGTON         M62 MPH
1029 PM  4 N WELLINGTON         M69 MPH
1045 PM  1 SE SALINA            E65 MPH

ON THE 28TH:

315 PM   1 N GREAT BEND         M58 MPH
415 PM   GREAT BEND AIRPORT     M61 MPH
455 PM   GREAT BEND AIRPORT     M62 MPH
502 PM   HUTCHINSON AIRPORT     M56 MPH
633 PM   5 N DERBY              M58 MPH
702 PM   6 S MAIZE              M52 MPH

=====================================================================

TREE AND POWER LINE DAMAGE OBVIOUSLY RESULTED THAT IN A FEW INSTANCES
BLOCKED ROADS AND HIGHWAYS.

THE ONLY SIGNIFICANT SEVERE THUNDERSTORM ACTION OCCURRED ON THE 2ND
WHEN GOLFBALL AND TENNISBALL-SIZED HAIL PELTED MUCH OF THE AREA. THE
LARGEST HAIL OCCURRED ACROSS SOUTH-CENTRAL AND SOUTHEAST KANSAS.
HAIL AROUND THE SIZE OF TENNISBALLS PUMMELED IOLA AND 5 MILES WEST
OF MULVANE WHERE MANY WINDSHIELDS WERE BROKEN AT THE KANSAS STAR
CASINO. THE ONLY TORNADO THAT OCCURRED WAS A LITTLE GUY THAT BRIEFLY
TOUCHED DOWN 5 MILES SOUTHWEST OF ELK CITY IN CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY.

EPS/ADK

$$








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