Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Paducah, KY

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FXUS63 KPAH 241133
AFDPAH

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Paducah KY
533 AM CST Sat Feb 24 2018

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Monday)
Issued at 345 AM CST Sat Feb 24 2018

Not all that much going on at the present time, with just some
scattered light showers. Solid shield precipitation is up across
the KLSX area. This trend will continue until shortly after
daybreak. After that, we should see a gradual increase in coverage
through the day, primarily this afternoon and evening ahead of an
approaching cold front.

Things could get quite active late today and this evening. Very
impressive low level shear profiles, low LCL`s and increasing
forcing for ascent means strong to severe thunderstorms are
anticipated. Hodographs SEMO, west KY, and forecast STP and SCP
parameters point to the possibility for a few tornadoes, outlined by
SPC fairly well we think. Otherwise main hazard will be scattered
damaging winds. Even with marginal instability, the impressive low
level turning and degree of speed shear seen in forecast hodographs
is concerning.

Also, the flood threat continues, with no changes to the ongoing
Flood Watch. Enhanced convection could cause some Flash Flooding
to occur, especially across the existing Area Flood Warned areas
of southeast MO into west KY. The bulk of the activity should push
east of west KY and southwest IN shortly after midnight, with dry
weather forecast for Sunday through Monday as weak high pressure
moves across the area. It will be fairly mild behind the front.
Cool at night.

.LONG TERM...(Monday night through Friday)
Issued at 345 AM CST Sat Feb 24 2018

The first part of the extended forecast period will be dry and mild
on the backside of high surface pressure. By midweek, ahead of a
developing trof of low surface pressure, the Gulf is forecasted to
open up.

Moisture is expected to surge northward by Wed evening especially,
but warm advection showers will probably occur earlier in the day.
Instability does not appear to be enough for any more than an
isolated lightning strike or two with this system.

The 00Z GEFS/ECENES means were very similar, however, the
deterministic ECMWF has shown some inconsistency lately, plus it had
a slower, more unphased northern/southern stream solution than most
other medium range models. The general idea is that mid level
shortwave energy will traverse the central Plains by Wed night,
providing large scale lift of moisture and development of the
surface trof, the axis of which should pass to our south. Model
consensus suggests that most associated shower activity with this
system should be out of the PAH forecast area by Thu evening as the
eastward-moving upper low closes and strengthens just to our north
(in most model solutions).

All models indicate ridging aloft and high surface pressure should
ensure dry mild conditions Thu night on as the new airmass will be
of Pacific origin.

&&

.AVIATION...
Issued at 527 AM CST Sat Feb 24 2018

IFR/LIFR conditions early this morning with showers increasing,
some drizzle mixed in as well. Warm front will continue to slowly
lift north today, keeping the cigs and chance of showers and even
a few thunderstorms going, increasing later this afternoon and
evening as a cold front enters into the area. The cold front at
00z should be from near KCOU to KUNO. It will move rapidly east
through the evening, reaching a line from KEVV to KCEY by 06z.
When the front moves through, high winds with thunderstorms will
be possible. A few 50 kt gusts cannot be ruled out. In the wake of
the front, winds will become SW then west and diminish slowly,
with rapidly improving cigs and vsbys.

&&

.PAH WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
IL...Flood Watch through late tonight for ILZ075>078-080>094.

MO...Flood Watch through late tonight for MOZ076-086-087-100-107>112-
     114.

IN...Flood Watch through late tonight for INZ081-082-085>088.

KY...Flood Watch through late tonight for KYZ001>022.

&&

$$



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