Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Chicago, IL

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FXUS63 KLOT 022000

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Chicago/Romeoville, IL
200 PM CST Sat Dec 2 2023

Issued at 200 PM CST Sat Dec 2 2023

Through Sunday...

Key Messages:

* Rain likely overnight and into Sunday morning for most of the
  region with a rain/snow mix expected in portions of NW Illinois.

* With persistent cloud cover expected through the night, surface
  temperatures are expected to be warm enough to limit the threat of
  snow accumulations.

What a grey Saturday! Widespread cloud cover remains over the area
with seasonal temperatures. The higher moisture content has
gradually moved away from the forecast area and sources for lift
have diminished allowing PoPs to be trimmed down even farther during
the morning update. There is still a non zero (less than 10 percent
chance) chance for an isolated drizzle/sprinkles occur the rest of
this afternoon, but confidence is low and impacts would be non-

The next weather system moves in overnight. An upper level trough
will move northeastward from the Southern Plains. Chances for
precipitation increase through the night, though the main rainfall
will happen after midnight and into Sunday morning. Most of the area
south of a Waukegan to Peru line will likely have rain given the
warmer temperatures. For areas north of that line, colder
temperatures through the column will result in better chances for a
wet snow to mix. However, due to the continued cloud cover, limited
evaporational cool and additional warm air advection from the system
moving in, the main update with this forecast package was surface
temperatures were increased above freezing. There is a chance that
isolated communities around the Rockford Metro area receives a
trace, but snow accums have otherwise been removed from the

There is still a lot of uncertainty with the timing of the exit of
the system. Higher res models are trending quicker with the ending
of precipitation earlier on Sunday morning. While precipitation may
lighten, higher PoPs were maintained through at least noon given the
saturated column profiles.



Issued at 200 PM CST Sat Dec 2 2023

Monday through Saturday...

Key Messages...

* Rain or snow is likely Monday night, with a small, but
  increased, chance of some snow accumulations (10-20%)

* Above average temperatures likely late in the week

Guidance continues to show a compact, yet fairly vigorous,
shortwave trough tracking east across downstate IL. Given the
current forecast track, it seems likely precip with this wave will
remain south of our CWA. Maintained a slight chance of rain/snow
across the southern CWA just in case guidance were to trend
farther north. While thermal profiles would probably lean more
toward rain at first glance, strong upward vertical motion and
weak static stability suggests at some dynamic cooling could flip
precip to wet snow in spots. Again, this largely looks to be south
of our CWA at this point, so only maintaining slight chances of

Will stratus clear out Sunday night? Given the lack of any
appreciable dry air advection and likely lingering moist layer
beneath frontal inversion, it seems likely stratus will hang on
through Sunday night. Based on this expectation, have raised
forecast low temps a few degrees. Where and if stratus does manage
to break up, then lows would likely end up cooler than forecast.
As overnight shift discussed in previous AFD, the stratus dilemma
will continue Monday with potential for cloud cover to linger
through the day. Maintained forecast highs closer to 40, leaning
toward the more pessimistic (cloudier) solution, if skies clear
out then highs could be a 5F warmer.

The next (and last) in this series fast moving, vigorous
shortwave troughs is forecast to move quickly across the region
Monday night. There has been a fairly sizable southward trend with
this system in this morning`s 12z guidance. The 12z operational
runs of the GFS and ECMWF and 12z GEFS have all shifted the track
of this system 100 to nearly 150 miles farther south. The more
southward solution increases confidence in precipitation occurring,
so continued to trend pops higher than NBM and a bit higher than
previous forecast. In addition, the farther southward track raises
of a snowier solution and even possible accumulations into our
CWA Monday night. For now, just trended forecast toward rain or
snow, but if subsequent runs remain locked in with this farther
south track then the snow may need to be hit a bit harder in the

Transition to a more zonal flow or even low amplitude ridging is
still expected late next week with high temps well into the 40s to
lower 50s. As always this time of year, temp forecast will hinge
on cloud cover, if warm sector doesn`t become covered in stratus
then highs could be at or even above forecast levels. Conversely,
if there is a more rapid development/expansion of stratus then
temps could end up a bit cooler than forecast. Regardless of
exact temperatures, there is high confidence in trend to above
average temperatures.

- Izzi


For the 18Z TAFs...

The primary aviation weather concerns through the 18Z TAF period are
as follows:

* Continuing MVFR cigs dropping to IFR or lower tonight

* Rain showers overnight transitioning to more of a drizzle for
  Sunday morning, with associated vsby reductions

* At RFD, snow or a rain/snow mix tonight into Sunday morning

Easterly winds under 10 kt will persist for the remainder of the day
under MVFR cigs. Late this evening, cigs are expected to drop
readily with the arrival of another round of showers. IFR is
appearing likely with LIFR possible, especially during the predawn
hours and through the earlier half of Sunday morning. During this
time, it`s conceivable that cigs could dip into VLIFR territory.
Cigs should improve some heading into the afternoon but will likely
hold at low-end MVFR, if not high-end IFR.

The rain is anticipated to arrive sometime around 06Z or so.
Steadier showers are forecast through the night followed by periods
of light rain or drizzle during the morning. Expect vsbys for the
better part of the event to be MVFR, if not lower at times. The rain
should let up during the late morning. Meanwhile, winds will veer
during the early morning from SE to westerly while remaining
primarily below 10 kts through Sunday morning. They`ll pick up a
little bit of momentum for the afternoon to around or just over 10

At RFD, precip will begin as rain late this evening. Not long after
06Z, snow is expected to begin mixing in before likely going over to
all or majority snow shortly thereafter. There is a good signal for
vsbys to go at least IFR, but could very well go even lower.
Additionally, LIFR cigs are forecast for most of the night, but
VLIFR is certainly on the table as well. Rain may mix back in during
the morning before the precip moves away altogether mid-late





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