Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Houston/Galveston, TX

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FXUS64 KHGX 092032

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Houston/Galveston TX
332 PM CDT Sun May 9 2021

.SHORT TERM [Tonight through Monday Afternoon]...

 - Severe thunderstorm watch issued for Houston and Madison
counties at 3 pm. -

Gusty southerly flow continues as storms developing quickly in the
vicinity of the cold front. Scattered showers and thunderstorms
also developing over Madison/Houston counties this afternoon
though have not gotten well organized yet. CAPE in excess of 2800
to near 3200 j/kg in place over the northern counties this
afternoon/early evening. Expecting very rapid intensification of
the storms and the watch may need expanding in areal coverage.

85-90 degrees inland at 3 pm and heat indices of range. Already
in the mid 80s across the area with heat indices of 91-99!
Although the temperatures will be coming down with the lowering
of the sun the instability will be slower to diminish and the
threat for severe could extend a little past midnight over the
northern counties. S/W driving this should be departing the areas
to the east by around midnight. The main threat from these storms
should be hail and possibly large hail.

A strong cap remains over the south and has gotten stronger and is
increased to around 11.2C at IAH per AMDAR. The storms that
develop to the north and move off the boundary should move east
and southeast but as they move south expect capping to hamper
development. A few spotty fast moving light showers were and will
be dotting the area beneath the cap tonight.

The front does keep moving very slowly south tonight and will
probably reach the northern counties before stalling. Outflow from
the storms mainly in the northeast will likely create a confused
wind field over the CWA by early morning. The front continues
wobble around over the northern CWA Monday but with some s/w
ridging could see a break in the storms in the morning and then
with afternoon heating some redevelopment but not likely as
intense as what could occur tonight.


.LONG TERM [Monday Night Through Sunday]

The stalled boundary will be draped the northern third of the area
Monday night, which is where it will stay for most of Tuesday. There
is still some uncertainty on exactly where the front will end up.
Guidance has it setting up anywhere between I-10 to north of the
area. Most CAM guidance keeps it around Burleson through Polk, which
is what is indicated in the forecast. Conditions are looking
favorable for showers and thunderstorms on Tuesday:
    - Stalled boundary across the area
    - A shortwave moves through the area helping to develop storms
      along the stalled surface boundary
    - East/southeast Texas will be in the right entrance quadrant of a
      jetstreak providing sufficient upper level divergence to support
      storm development
     -PWATs climbing to near 2 inches region wide meaning any storms that
      do develop will be able to produce locally heavy rainfall.
Exactly where the locally heavy rain falls will be driven by the location
of the front, so hopefully that comes into better view in the coming day.
Again as of now, the northern third of the area looks to be where the front
ends up stalling through Tuesday afternoon. The front finally begins a slow
crawl to the coast late Tuesday into Wednesday morning. Another shortwave
will be moving through the area early Wednesday morning reinvigorating showers
and thunderstorms along the boundary. However, instead of the precipitation
occuring mainly across the northern portion of the area, it`ll be concentrated
down near the coast. The cold front finally ejects east of the area late
Wednesday bringing an end to the wet weather we have been seeing - for at least
a day or two.

High pressure builds in behind the exiting front providing the region with
mostly sunny skies and drier conditions through Friday morning. However, there
is some uncertainty in how strong this high pressure will be. The GFS has a
stronger high pressure building in over North Texas on Wednesday helping
to dry us out fairly quickly Wednesday evening. The EC develops a weaker high
pressure system which keeps the more humid airmass in place over SE Texas through
the rest of the workweek. Either way, this high pressure will be fairly
progressive in its movement eastward with southeasterly flow picking back up late
Friday that will continue through the weekend. Precipitation chances return on
Saturday as a shortwave moves through the area. Guidance is still differ on the
coverage of these showers, but have continued the slight chance to chance of
showers Saturday afternoon through Sunday.

Temperatures through midweek will generally be on the cooler side during the day
thanks to rain cooled air and cloud cover, while overnight lows will be on the
milder side as that same cloud cover keeps radiational cooling to a minimum.
Temperatures do climb back to near seasonal by the end of the week with the
southeasterly flow redeveloping across SE Texas.




The remaining small craft advisories for the 20 to 60nm waters
will drop off this afternoon, but seas of 4 to 6ft will persist
through the evening requiring small craft to continue to exercise
caution. The onshore flow will persist through midweek causing
continued high risk of rip currents along Gulf facing beaches. A
weak, slow moving cold front will move into the coastal waters
late Tuesday and into Wednesday bringing scattered showers and
thunderstorms. Light to moderate northeasterly flow develops late
Wednesday behind the frontal passage which continues through
Friday afternoon. Onshore flow redevelops late Friday that will
persist through the weekend with increased chance of




College Station (CLL)  72  81  66  78  63 /  60  30  40  80  70
Houston (IAH)          76  86  73  82  68 /  20  20  30  70  80
Galveston (GLS)        76  83  76  80  73 /  20  10  20  40  60



TX...High Rip Current Risk through Monday evening for the following
     zones: Bolivar Peninsula...Brazoria Islands...Galveston
     Island...Matagorda Islands.

     the following zones: Coastal waters from Freeport to
     Matagorda Ship Channel TX out 20 NM...Coastal waters from
     High Island to Freeport TX out 20 NM...Waters from Freeport
     to Matagorda Ship Channel TX from 20 to 60 NM...Waters from
     High Island to Freeport TX from 20 to 60 NM.



LONG TERM...Fowler
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