Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Atlanta, GA

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FXUS62 KFFC 230519 AAC
AFDFFC

Area Forecast Discussion...UPDATED
National Weather Service Peachtree City GA
1219 AM EST Mon Jan 23 2017

.UPDATE...For Aviation...

&&

.PREV DISCUSSION... /Issued 728 PM EST Sun Jan 22 2017/

UPDATE...
Low pressure currently across north central GA will continue to
push off to the E overnight. The gradient on the backside of the
low is pretty tight, so gusty winds are expected overnight and
well into Sunday. Will not make any changes to the Wind Advisory
at this time. Have made some changes to pops earlier in the
evening, but think the forecast is on track. Do expect some shra
on the backside of the low as the upper low swings through the
area. Mid level lapse rates are steep enough to continue thunder.

The Flash Flood Watch expired at 7PM. Additional rainfall is
expected across northern GA, but amts should not cause significant
impacts.

The gusty winds overnight and Monday, in combination with
saturated soils, will lead to downed trees.

PREV DISCUSSION... /Issued 630 PM EST Sun Jan 22 2017/

SHORT TERM /Tonight through Monday Night/...
Where to start? Today`s forecast continues to be challenging and
one for the books given the SPC High Risk area and expected
hazards. If memory serves me well, this would be the first High
Risk in our CWA since April 2011. But I digress.

We are already seeing showers and thunderstorms moving across
portions of north and central Georgia this afternoon. These storms
were resulting from a quickly deepening low pressure system
expected to lift northward across the CWA through the evening
hours. The rapid cyclogenesis, along with the strong low level
winds, will produce exceptional deep layer shear, decent CAPE and
extremely steep mid level lapse rates (with a few indicating
values as high as 8 to 8.5 this evening across north Georgia). In
the High Risk area, generally south of a line from Americus, to
Dublin, to Swainsboro, we have the highest potential for
widespread severe storm activity. Expect bowing segments in more
linear activity to be capable of producing damaging winds of 80
mph or higher. The steep lapse rates and wind profiles will
support potentially long-track tornadoes. Large hail of golf ball
size or larger are also possible. A PDS (Potential Dangerous
Situation) Tornado Watch is in effect for this area through 8 PM.
We expect that storms will rapidly intensify as they move into the
state through the afternoon and evening hours.

North of the High Risk area (including the Atlanta metro) still
remains in the Tornado Watch. Damaging winds, a few tornadoes, and
large hail are possible in this area, but with slightly less
probabilities.

Based on the short term Hi-Res models, the best timing for severe
activity is through approximately 10 PM. Model solutions continue
to show very defined wrap around reflectivity that moves over the
worked over CWA through the overnight period. At this time, have
continued mention of thunder in the grids through early Monday
morning and then transition to all rain.

Speaking of rain, observed rainfall totals for the last two days
are generally 2 to 4 inches, with locally higher amounts. Portions
of far east central GA have seen closer to 5 inches. Rainfall
totals through this afternoon and evening are expected to be in
the 1 to 3 inch range, which will produce localized flash
flooding. A Flash Flood Watch is in effect through 7 PM tonight,
and may need to be extended depending on how the afternoon goes.

On top of the Tornado Watch and the Flash Flood Watch, we also
have a Wind Advisory. Non-convective winds will increase through
the overnight hours as the low continues to deepen over the
region, tightening the pressure gradient. Winds will increase to
20 to 30 mph with gusts to 40 mph by Monday morning and hold on
through Monday afternoon. After 00z Tuesday (7 PM) winds look to
diminish somewhat, except for some potential of gusty winds in NE
GA remaining into the overnight period. For now, the Wind
Advisory remains in effect from 1 AM tonight through 7 PM, which
may need to be adjusted at a later point.

In addition to the challenges of the forecast, we also have
equipment challenges, forcing forecasters to utilize to other
tools. KJGX and KVAX radars continue to have periods of outages
this afternoon, and technicians are working to restoring those to
full operation to assist forecasters. It is vital that everyone
remain weather aware through this evening, particularly those in
the Tornado Watch area. Go ahead and determine your shelter
location and begin putting together supplies if you end up having
to shelter in place.

31

LONG TERM /Tuesday through Sunday/...
Given the extremely active weather, the long term period was left
unchanged. The previous discussion follows.

Baker

LONG TERM /Monday Night through Saturday/...

Minimal changes made to the extended forecast grids. Region gets back
to more seasonal temperatures but should remain dry after mid-week
system passes.

20

&&

.AVIATION...
06Z Update...
Potential for a mixed bag of ceilings but thinking MVFR and some
IFR ceilings are the most likely with and during any showers with
current precip over the area. Mainly MVFR ceilings later today
with maybe some VFR ceilings late. Some vsby restrictions
associated with showers. Surface winds SSW 10 kts or less to
start becoming WNW and increasing 15-20 kts with gusts 30-35 kts.

//ATL Confidence...06Z Update...
Low confidence for timing and how long any IFR ceilings may occur
 otherwise Medium confidence for ceilings and vsbys.
High confidence for stronger winds.

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
Athens          60  41  62  44 /  40   0   0   5
Atlanta         56  39  59  45 /  40   5   0   5
Blairsville     51  37  56  39 /  70  30   0   5
Cartersville    56  38  57  44 /  40   5   0   5
Columbus        60  40  62  45 /  30   0   0   5
Gainesville     56  40  59  45 /  60  10   0   5
Macon           61  41  63  43 /  30   0   0   5
Rome            56  38  58  43 /  40   5   0   5
Peachtree City  57  38  59  42 /  40   0   0   5
Vidalia         63  45  64  46 /  20   0   0   5

&&

.FFC WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
Wind Advisory until 7 PM EST this evening for the following
zones: Baldwin...Banks...Barrow...Bibb...Bleckley...Butts...
Chattahoochee...Clarke...Clayton...Coweta...Crawford...Crisp...
DeKalb...Dodge...Dooly...Emanuel...Fayette...Glascock...Greene...
Gwinnett...Hancock...Harris...Heard...Henry...Houston...
Jackson...Jasper...Jefferson...Johnson...Jones...Lamar...
Laurens...Macon...Madison...Marion...Meriwether...Monroe...
Montgomery...Morgan...Muscogee...Newton...North Fulton...
Oconee...Oglethorpe...Peach...Pike...Pulaski...Putnam...
Rockdale...Schley...South Fulton...Spalding...Stewart...Sumter...
Talbot...Taliaferro...Taylor...Telfair...Toombs...Treutlen...
Troup...Twiggs...Upson...Walton...Warren...Washington...
Webster...Wheeler...Wilcox...Wilkes...Wilkinson.

Wind Advisory until 7 PM EST this evening for the following
zones: Bartow...Carroll...Catoosa...Chattooga...Cherokee...
Cobb...Dade...Dawson...Douglas...Fannin...Floyd...Forsyth...
Gilmer...Gordon...Hall...Haralson...Lumpkin...Murray...
Paulding...Pickens...Polk...Towns...Union...Walker...White...
Whitfield.

&&

$$

AVIATION UPDATE...BDL


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