Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Topeka, KS

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FXUS63 KTOP 200504

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Topeka KS
1204 AM CDT Thu Apr 20 2017

...Update to aviation forecast discussion...

.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Thursday)
Issued at 255 PM CDT Wed Apr 19 2017

Currently 19Z satellite data shows a strong mid-level shortwave
lifting out of the Northern/Central Rockies.  Surface obs show a
surface warm/stationary boundary draped through southeastern NE with
surface low over south central NE with an associated cold boundary
trailing through northwestern portions of KS.

Strong WAA has allowed dewpoints to climb into the lower 60s this
afternoon over northeastern KS.  A well mixed BL remains in place
with a fairly strong EML overhead.  Highs today will top in the low

Tonight is the biggest concern weatherwise this period.  While best
forcing remains just to the north of the area, severe thunderstorms
are likely tonight as the cold front works into the area.  The
biggest change right now has been to delay development and
progression slightly from the previous forecast. All severe threats
will, however, remain in place as the late afternoon and early
evening approach.  The associated surface low will continue to
deepen and strengthen as a shortwave aloft works over the area late
this afternoon.  This will help to steepen mid-level lapse rates,
while the strengthening cold front will provide lift at the surface
to break what is left late this afternoon into the evening.  Storms
will likely be able to start out as discrete or semi-discrete for a
period mainly over north central KS up to the KS/NE border.  The
concern for a weak tornado threat does give at least some concern
early and perhaps even as convection congeals into a linear mode by
mid evening time frame due to the LLJ still aloft.  Indications for
0-6 effective bulk shear up to 40-50kts with MLCAPE values up to
2000 J/kg will be sufficient for rotating supercellular development
to take shape. Although, surface winds should stay southerly and
quickly turn to a southwesterly direction, effective SRH values
could still top out around 200 m2/s2 just ahead of the boundary.
Therefore, the tornado risk will not be zero.  Bigger concerns will
almost certainly be large hail and damaging outflow winds.  Storms
should congeal into a line as the evening progresses.  Flash
flooding concerns will increase as the front moves through slowly.
Therefore, areas that see storms train could see rapidly rising
water and the threat for short term flooding.

Good news is that overnight as the system sinks south of the area,
dry air and high pressure should filter in quickly and clear out the
clouds into the morning on Thursday.  Cooler conditions expected for
Thursday with highs into the mid to upper 60s.

.LONG TERM...(Thursday night through Wednesday)
Issued at 255 PM CDT Wed Apr 19 2017

Several waves are progged to move across the central U.S. through
the extended period. The first looks to move through the central
plains on Friday and Saturday. Models are in reasonable agreement
with the overall system and tracking the surface low south of the
forecast area. So concerns for severe storms appear to be low at
this time. Although there are some indications of elevated
instability Friday afternoon and evening. Because of this have
some mention of thunder in the forecast. A second wave is forecast
by the models to move across the plains on Monday. Models tend to
track this system to the north of the forecast area but moisture
return is not all that impressive ahead of it. As a result,
forecast soundings form the GFS maintain a capping inversion over
KS. So will need to watch trends with this wave, but for now
precip chances look to be less than 20 percent. A third wave is
progged to move into the plains Wednesday. There is a little more
uncertainty with the details as the GEM develops a more amplified
upper trough than the GFS or ECMWF. But with models showing better
low level moisture advection along with some increasing forcing on
Wednesday, have included a small POP for now.

Temps should be on the cool side for Friday and Saturday as
surface ridging continues to impact the area along with clouds and
precip. So highs in the 50s and lower 60s seems reasonable. Temps
should moderate for the remainder of the forecast period with
more seasonal readings in the upper 60s to mid 70s. Low temps look
to remain in the 40s and 50s. May need to watch out for Sunday
morning as a ridge axis moves through the area. With dry air
moving in and skies clearing out, have parts of north central KS
falling into the upper 30s.


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Thursday night)
Issued at 1148 PM CDT Wed Apr 19 2017

A band of showers and TS extended from near MHK to the northeast
at 05Z and was steadily pushing east, likely to impact TOP/FOE by
07Z or so. Expect reduced cig/vis with these storms but likely to
improve to VFR after they move away from TAF sites. A large area
of MVFR cigs over eastern NE seems likely to build south and
believe that TAF sites can expect cigs around 2k feet with the
best chance between 15-18Z.




LONG TERM...Wolters
AVIATION...Barjenbruch is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.