Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Paducah, KY

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FXUS63 KPAH 181744

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Paducah KY
1244 PM CDT MON JUL 18 2016

Issued at 1244 PM CDT Mon Jul 18 2016

So far any convection has been developing well on the cool side
of the outflow boundary and individual cells have been relatively
short-lived. Will be monitoring for isolated severe storms along
and just to the west of the outflow boundary. Much of the Heat
Advisory has already reached or is very close to criteria, and the
outflow has not yet begun to impinge on the Advisory area, so have
not plans to adjust the Advisory at this time.

The AVIATION section has been updated for the 18Z TAF issuance.


.SHORT TERM...(Today through Wednesday night)
Issued at 329 AM CDT Mon Jul 18 2016

Main forecast story in the short term period lies with the
building of heat/humidity. Highest heat indicies today through
Wednesday should be along and west of the MS river, closer to the
large dome of high pressure centered just to our south/west. Will
go ahead and issue heat avdisory through Wednesday for about the
western half of the forecast area for heat indices around 105.

"Ring of fire" storms along the north/eastern periphery of the
ridge may flirt with our eastern counties from time to time, but
the main focus should remain over the northern half of IL into
cntrl IN. If storms do manage to develop in during the heat of
the day, will need to monitor for pulse severe wind gusts in the
extremely unstable air.

.LONG TERM...(Thursday through Sunday)
Issued at 329 AM CDT Mon Jul 18 2016

The main story in the extended forecast is the strong mid/upper
ridge which will be still over a large part of the CONUS, and the
PAH forecast area. Peak temps are forecast by the blend of models to
be in the middle 90s Thursday through Saturday. Some MOS guidance of
late has suggested upper 90s to 100 air temps (Friday). This is
generally hard to achieve with dewpoints in the middle 70s. However,
heat indices are likely to meet or exceed 105 across most of the
area, with southwestern IN and the Pennyrile region of KY a bit less
likely to achieve these brutal conditions. Lows will be in the upper
half of the 70s as moist southwesterly low level flow continues.

Despite the presence of the ridge and lots of warm air aloft, the
medium range models were consistent in suggesting the possibility of
an isold shower/tstm or two forming during Thursday, Friday, and
Saturday afternoons, mainly in the region`s eastern half, closer to
the edge of the heat dome.

Over the latter half of the weekend, a vortex moving across eastern
Canada is progged to create cyclonic mid level flow over the eastern
CONUS, which will suppress the expansive mid/upper ridge over the
eastern half of the country. This arrangement should result in a
surface frontal boundary moving through the PAH forecast area
probably early Sunday. The front will help provide focus for shower
and tstm activity, thus the most widespread PoPs are Sunday, albeit
for widely scattered to scattered convection. This should be the
start of a somewhat cooler/drier pattern, mainly for the east,
beyond the weekend as heights are not progged to immediately rebound.


Issued at 1244 PM CDT Mon Jul 18 2016

An outflow boundary from recent convection over KEVV and KOWB is
not expected to push as far west as KCGI and KPAH, so will keep
them both dry this afternoon. Another area of thunderstorms will
try to move southeast behind the boundary back into KEVV and KOWB
this afternoon, so threw MVFR TS in a TEMPO group at both sites.

The convective forecast beyond this afternoon is not certain, so
will keep the rest of the forecasts dry. Winds will be light
through the period, regardless of the boundary. Fog development is
likely at all sites. Will introduce MVFR fog for now, but it may
drop lower.


.PAH Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
IL...Heat Advisory until 7 PM CDT Wednesday for ILZ075-080-081-084-

MO...Heat Advisory until 7 PM CDT Wednesday for MOZ076-086-087-100-

KY...Heat Advisory until 7 PM CDT Wednesday for KYZ001>006.



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