Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Sioux Falls, SD

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000
FXUS63 KFSD 292338
AFDFSD

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SIOUX FALLS SD
638 PM CDT FRI AUG 29 2014

.SHORT TERM...(THIS EVENING THROUGH SATURDAY)
ISSUED AT 321 PM CDT FRI AUG 29 2014

ATMOSPHERE DESTABILIZED ENOUGH THIS AFTERNOON AS TEMPS WARMED ABOVE
70 DEGREES.  INSTABILITY WAS ENOUGH FOR THUNDERSTORMS TO FORM AND
THERE WAS ENOUGH VORTICITY STRETCHING IN THE 0 TO 3 KM COLUMN TO
CAUSE BRIEF FUNNELS TO FORM MAINLY ALONG AND EAST OF I-29.  HAD A
FEW REPORTS OF SUCH FUNNELS AND ISSUED A SPECIAL WEATHER STATEMENT
TO COVER THE POSSIBILITY.  THE THREAT FOR MORE FUNNEL CLOUDS WILL
NOT LINGER MUCH INTO THE LATE AFTERNOON HOURS.

AS MAIN FRONT MOVES EAST...SO GOES THE STORM CHANCES AND ALSO AS
DUSK NEARS...STORMS WILL ALSO BEGIN TO WEAKEN AND DISSIPATE. SHORT
TERM HI-RES MODELS ALL POINT TO STORMS WEAKENING AND PULLING OFF TO
THE EAST BY 06Z.

NOT MUCH GOING ON AFTER THAT AS WAVE ROTATES THROUGH AND SUBSIDENCE
BEGINS TO INFLUENCE THE WEATHER. MAY HAVE AREAS OF FOG TONIGHT IN
AREAS OF SOUTHWEST MINNESOTA...BUT SHOULD NOT BE DENSE AT ALL.
OTHERWISE SATURDAY...LOOKS A LOT BRIGHTER WITH MORE SUNSHINE AFTER
MORNING CLOUDS & FOG BURN OFF.  HIGH TEMPS WILL BE A LITTLE WARMER
WITH THE SUNSHINE BUT STILL NOT GOING MUCH ABOVE 80 DEGREES.

.LONG TERM...(SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY)
ISSUED AT 321 PM CDT FRI AUG 29 2014

SATURDAY NIGHT INTO SUNDAY MORNING WILL LIKELY SEE A BROKEN LINE OF
SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS MOVE FROM WEST TO EAST. A LEAD PIECE OF
ENERGY WILL MOVE THROUGH NORTH DAKOTA SPREADING FAIRLY STRONG LOW TO
MID LEVEL WARM ADVECTION ACROSS THE AREA. THE INSTABILITY IN THE MID
LEVELS ON THE MODERATE LEVEL SO NOT OUT OF THE QUESTION FOR SOME
ISOLATED SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS. THE BEST CHANCES LIKELY NORTH OF
INTERSTATE 90.

SUNDAY INTO SUNDAY EVENING STILL A VERY GOOD SET UP FOR SEVERE
THUNDERSTORMS. SOME MORNING ELEVATED STORMS LIKELY BUT EXPECTED TO
WEAKEN OR DISSIPATE...ALLOWING FOR SOME SUNSHINE AND
DESTABILIZATION. THE LATEST MODELS HAVE COME IN A BIT WARMER IN THE
MID LEVELS WHICH COULD SUGGEST A STRONGER CAP AND SMALLER CHANCE FOR
THUNDERSTORM DEVELOPMENT BUT WITH VIRTUALLY ALL MODELS PRODUCING
THUNDERSTORMS AND SUCH A STRONG WAVE MOVING INTO THE AREA WILL
CONTINUE HIGHER POPS AND CONTINUE TO HIT THE SEVERE WEATHER THREAT
FAIRLY HARD. THE DEEP LAYER SHEAR IS VERY GOOD...NOT GREAT BUT WITH
CAPES LIKELY AROUND 2500 J/KG ORGANIZED SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS ARE
SOMEWHAT LIKELY AS WELL AS A DECENT POTENTIAL FOR DISCRETE CELLS.

IN THE OUTER PERIODS (TUESDAY THROUGH FRIDAY)...WEAK RIDGING WILL
MOVE THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT INTO WEDNESDAY WITH LITTLE IF ANY CHANCE
FOR SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS AT THIS TIME. THIS IS IN RESPONSE TO A
DEEPENING LOW PRESSURE OVER THE WESTERN UNITED STATES. FAST
NORTHWEST FLOW WILL REMAIN IN PLACE ALONG THE U.S. CANADIAN BORDER
WHICH WILL NECESSITATE SOME SMALLER POPS WEDNESDAY INTO FRIDAY OVER
PARTS OF THE AREA. THE STRONGEST PIECE OF ENERGY IS FORECAST TO MOVE
ACROSS THURSDAY NIGHT INTO FRIDAY AND WILL KEEP THE HIGHEST POPS IN
DURING THIS TIME. OTHERWISE FAIRLY WARM DURING THIS TIME WITH HIGHS
MAINLY IN THE UPPER 70S TO MID 80S.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 00Z TAFS THROUGH 00Z SATURDAY EVENING)
ISSUED AT 638 PM CDT FRI AUG 29 2014

IN THE NEAR TERM FRIDAY EVENING...MOST LOCATIONS WILL EXHIBIT VFR
CONDITIONS. HOWEVER SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS WILL BE ABUNDANT
EARLY THIS EVENING IN AREAS ACROSS SOUTHWEST MN AND NORTHWEST
IA...WITH ALSO A LINE OF STORMS MOVING SOUTHEASTWARD ACROSS THE
JAMES RIVER VALLEY. ALL OF THIS ACTIVITY SHOULD BEGIN TO WANE
AFTER SUNSET. DID NEED TO INCLUDE A TEMPO GROUP FOR THUNDERSTORMS
EARLY THIS EVENING FOR KSUX...AND THE STORMS COULD PUT DOWN SOME
BRIEF HEAVY RAIN CAUSING IFR/LIFR CONDITIONS FOR A SMALL PERIOD OF
TIME. BUT OTHERWISE LEFT THE TAF SITES DRY AFTER EVENING. THE
STORMS IN THE JAMES RIVER VALLEY WILL BE EAST OF KHON. LATER
TONIGHT...STILL CONCERNED ABOUT FOG DEVELOPMENT. THE LOW LEVEL AND
GROUND MOISTURE IS VERY HIGH ACROSS THE AREA SO IT IS PLAUSIBLE
THAT FOG COULD OCCUR DESPITE THE NORTHERLY SURFACE WINDS. THE
WINDS WILL BE LIGHT ENOUGH THEY MAY NOT PRECLUDE FOG FORMATION.
ANY FOG DEVELOPMENT SHOULD BURN OFF BY MID SATURDAY MORNING...AND
AM ANTICIPATING VFR SATURDAY AFTERNOON.

&&

.FSD WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
SD...NONE.
MN...NONE.
IA...NONE.
NE...NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...HEITKAMP
LONG TERM...08
AVIATION...MJ


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