Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS La Crosse, WI

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FXUS63 KARX 251118

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service La Crosse WI
618 AM CDT Mon Sep 25 2017

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Wednesday)
Issued at 255 AM CDT Mon Sep 25 2017

Early this morning, the cold front extended from far northwest
Wisconsin into southcentral Minnesota and then southwest Iowa.
This placed the front just to the west of the local area. Local
and regional radars are showing scattered showers along and
behind the front.

Water vapor satellite continues to show the upper level ridge
centered over the eastern conus with the ridge axis extending west
back into the region. The 25.00Z models show almost no movement in
the position of the ridge or ridge axis today. As a result, the
short wave troughs coming out of the western long wave trough will
continue to move by just to the west of the area. This will also
limit the eastward progression of the surface front and by late
afternoon it should extend from north central Wisconsin into
northeast Iowa. With this slow eastward progression of the front,
not expecting the rain associated with it to push very fast to the
east either and slowed down the eastward expansion of the rain
chances. The most widespread rain will be behind the front where
the deeper moisture resides, so limited any rain chances of higher
than 50 percent to parts of northeast Iowa across southeast
Minnesota into far western Wisconsin north of KLSE. Just how much
thunder will occur today is somewhat questionable. While there
will be around 1000 J/Kg of ML CAPE available, this will all be
ahead of the front. There could be some embedded thunder behind
the front where the forcing will be better as the short wave
troughs rotate through but expect the majority of the activity to
be just showers.

The upper level ridge should finally start to show some eastward
movement late tonight allowing the long wave trough to also edge
to the east. Some differences start to show up between the models
as to whether the surface front also moves slowly east (25.00Z
NAM), remains nearly stationary (25.00Z GFS) or slightly
retrogrades (25.00Z ECMWF). Having the front retrograde some
actually makes sense as a rather strong short wave trough rotates
around the upper level low over western North Dakota. This should
cause the weak surface low over Kansas to move north into central
Minnesota tonight. Again, with the deeper moisture behind the
front along with the stronger forcing, the best concentration of
showers could end up being west of the area. The hi-res models
that go out far enough, seem to support this idea with little to
no rain over the area tonight. Tried to work this scenario into
the rain chances with the highest values this evening and then
slowly reducing them through the rest of the night.

The upper level low will be weakening/filling Tuesday as it lifts
northeast into Manitoba and Ontario. The short wave trough
rotating around it will track across South Dakota into northern
Minnesota pushing the surface low northeast to over Lake Superior
and the cold front into eastern Wisconsin and central Illinois.
This should allow the deeper moisture and forcing behind the
front to finally spread over the entire area. The best chances for
rain look to be in the morning and diminishing through the
afternoon as everything works east behind the front. Very minimal
thunder chances for Tuesday afternoon as the CAPE will be pushed
out of the area ahead of the front with a small chance of some
embedded activity from the forcing behind the front. The rain
chances will then quickly diminish Tuesday night with just some
lingering chances over the eastern sections. Wednesday then looks
to be dry as high pressure builds in from the west.

.LONG TERM...(Wednesday night through Sunday)
Issued at 255 AM CDT Mon Sep 25 2017

Some rain chances will return to areas along and east of the
Mississippi River for Thursday afternoon and evening. This will be
in association with a northern stream short wave trough that will
be dropping across the Great Lakes. The trend has been for this
wave to be a bit stronger and there are also some hints of some
weak CAPE being in place as well. For now, will leave any thunder
mention out, but this may need to be added if the strengthening
trend of the short wave trough continues. Ridging aloft and at the
surface will be over the Upper Midwest for Friday and Saturday
before a Pacific short wave trough crossing the Rockies starts to
form a long wave trough/upper level low over the Plains to close
out the weekend. Some differences between the models on how this
evolution will take place but will have a chance of rain with this
feature starting Sunday afternoon.


.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Tuesday morning)
Issued at 618 AM CDT Mon Sep 25 2017

Cold front and associated scattered shra/ts moving in today,
lasting through tonight. VFR conditions expected to deteriorate
into MVFR conditions at KRST after 23z and IFR after 06z. VFR at
KLSE through today, slipping into MVFR after 06z. Winds will be
light and variable as the pressure gradient remains relatively




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