Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Paducah, KY

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FXUS63 KPAH 111123

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Paducah KY
622 AM CDT Sun Mar 11 2018

Updated aviation section for 12z taf issuance


.SHORT TERM...(Today through Tuesday night)
Issued at 344 AM CDT Sun Mar 11 2018

Quite an interesting precip type forecast for late today and
tonight. Some of the high-res model guidance has trended colder
in the lower levels, resulting in model forecasts of accumulating
snow in much of our region. In particular, the 00z nam and href
keep surface temps around 33 to 35 degrees during the heaviest
precip. Boundary layer / near-surface temps will be the key to
rain or snow, since temps aloft will clearly be cold enough for
snow. The href has performed very well with surface temps during
winter precip events this winter, so the forecast will be trended
toward a little colder and snowier solution.

The overall synoptic situation has not changed. A well-defined 500
mb shortwave will track southeast across the lower Ohio Valley
this evening. Ahead of the system, rain will develop across our
region during the day today. In response to the approaching
shortwave, a surface low will take shape over the southern
Tennessee Valley this evening. This will cause surface winds to
increase from the northeast and north, drawing down slightly
colder air. During a period of heavier precip, the combination of
dynamic cooling and wet-bulbing should induce a changeover to wet
snow. It is possible a few hours of heavy wet snow could
accompany the upper-level low this evening. A quick two or three
inches is likely in some areas.

In general, the axis of heaviest qpf and potential snowfall lies
along an axis from around kmdh southeast across the Ohio River to
around Madisonville KY. This axis is well-depicted by the 00z href
snowfall and the wpc snowfall guidance. Forecast amounts will be
nudged upward to 1 to 3 inches in this area. Confidence in the
higher href snowfall totals is lowered by the latest rap and hrrr
runs, which are not as cold this evening. As is often the case
with mid/upper level lows, mesoscale banding could result in
localized higher totals. A Winter Weather Advisory will be issued
for the general area of western Kentucky, far southern Illinois,
and the Mississippi River counties of se Missouri. The advisory
will mention isolated amounts over 3 inches possible in mesoscale
bands. The higher elevations of the Shawnee Hills of southern IL
are likely targets for higher totals when boundary layer temps are
marginal for snow.

Although ground temps and near-surface temps will be near or above
freezing, the anticipated higher snowfall rates will likely
overcome melting. A slushy accumulation is expected on roads in
areas of heavier precip. Air temps will briefly fall below
freezing Monday morning before rising into the 40s on Monday.
March snowfalls do not stay around for long in this area.

Dry and chilly conditions are expected from Monday night through
Tuesday night, with highs in the 40s and lows in  the 20s.

.LONG TERM...(Wednesday through Saturday)
Issued at 344 AM CDT Sun Mar 11 2018

Models show a surface high centered west of the PAH forecast area at
12z Wednesday, sliding southeast over Florida by 00z Friday.  This
will keep our region dry Wednesday through Thursday.  Temperatures
will remain unseasonably cool for Wednesday, but the movement of the
high and developing low pressure system to our west will result in
winds becoming southwest by Wednesday night. This will lead to
significantly warming temperatures through the end of the week into
the weekend, with readings Friday night and Saturday around 15
degrees above normal.

The low pressure system will be over the central Plains Thursday
into Friday.  Models show a front extending from the low into
Illinois and Indiana Thursday night, sinking slowly south Friday in
to Friday night.  Showers will develop along the front, and there is
some question in the timing of the onset of showers in the PAH
forecast area.  There are some indications we could see some showers
by late Thursday night, but confidence is higher on Friday with
models showing the front sinking a little farther south and the
surface low moving a little closer to our area.  Kept Thursday night
dry for now, but shower chances will increase through the day Friday
and into Friday evening.  Models show the front remaining in our
region into Saturday, which will keep scattered showers going
through the day.  Forecast CAPE and LIs show potential for some
thunder, mainly in our western counties late Friday night, and
across our south on Saturday, so included slight chances for these


Issued at 622 AM CDT Sun Mar 11 2018

A gradual decrease in cigs and vsbys will occur today as rain
develops in advance of an upper-level disturbance. By midday, mvfr
conditions are likely over se Missouri/srn Illinois/far west KY.
This trend will overspread the kevv/kowb area this afternoon.

The rain is likely to change to several hours of snow in some areas
this evening, mainly where the heavier precip falls in western KY
and southern IL. A burst of heavy snow is possible. The
probabilities are too low to include in the tafs, but ifr conditions
will be forecast at kpah. The precip will end by 06z, followed by
clearing skies overnight. Winds will be gusty from the north.


IL...Winter Weather Advisory from 5 PM this afternoon to 4 AM CDT
     Monday for ILZ084>094.

MO...Winter Weather Advisory from 5 PM this afternoon to 4 AM CDT
     Monday for MOZ076-087-111-112.

KY...Winter Weather Advisory from 5 PM this afternoon to 4 AM CDT
     Monday for KYZ001>022.



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