Area Forecast Discussion
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FXUS64 KLUB 192333
AFDLUB

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Lubbock TX
633 PM CDT Sat May 19 2018

.AVIATION...
VFR should collapse to MVFR in low ceilings toward sunrise Sun
well behind a cold front. Until then, TS may graze the LBB
airspace with a higher probability at CDS, before a greater
coverage of TS develop with the FROPA near midnight. This latter
threat of TS still appears greatest at LBB, although PVW is also
at risk for some lightning overnight.

&&

.PREV DISCUSSION... /issued 224 PM CDT Sat May 19 2018/

DISCUSSION...
Lift was in no short supply this afternoon as a well-defined
stationary front was found draped from Childress southwest to
Levelland and Plains as of 1 PM. Aloft, water vapor imagery
revealed an impulse in SW flow approaching from southeast NM and
far West TX. Add to this the RRQ to an upper jet and a very modest
EML (per Lubbock Airport AMDAR profiles) and the stage is primed
for scattered to numerous storm development. Similar to Friday,
an axis of elevated convection early this afternoon is expected to
become more surface based by mid afternoon and make full use of
2000 to 3000 J/kg of MLCAPE. Unlike Friday, today we have a deeper
fetch of moisture advection underway (as noted by an axis of
stratus aligned from Del Rio north to near Big Spring) which will
limit the degree to which moisture mixes out this afternoon.
Although oriented parallel to the boundary, deep layer shear
values around 35 knots will promote storm organization, including
some mesos given favorable backing of low level winds for
maintaining storm relative inflow. Modes overall should favor
linear structures given minimal capping and consolidating
outflows over time. This argues the greatest threat will be
downbursts as the significant hail potential should be restricted
to individual cells early in the event.

Following an inevitable MCS development off the Caprock this
evening, a reinforcing cold front will drop south and aid in
focusing a second round of storms, mainly after midnight. What
looks particularly interesting about this setup is the presence of
a 30-40 knot LLJ feeding rich mixing ratios northward overnight.
This isentropic ascent should focus numerous elevated storms
overnight, with some likelihood for training precip and heavy
rain. Majority of CAMs and global models indicate such a scenario
as PWATs rise to over 1 inch. This precip should wane from N-S
toward daybreak Sunday as the layer of isentropic ascent shifts
south. Widespread stratus trapped along the frontal inversion and
cool NE winds will make for a pleasantly cool day area wide. PoPs
were dried out in most areas by the afternoon as saturated depths
thin out and omega vanishes. Prospects for additional storms
arriving Sun night from sern NM remain decent, but not definite as
this will hinge on the strength of the LLJ/isentropic forcing and
any pre-existing storms that manage to form in the easterly
upslope of NM. Weak upper ridging during this time may also limit
the coverage of precip, which should amplify a bit on Monday ahead
of increasingly cyclonic SW flow for Mon night and Tue. Broad SE
winds in the low levels during this time will keep the dryline
well to our west, which may also curtail PoPs during the day and
make for more of a nocturnal threat of storms and perhaps a
diminished severe threat. By later week, weakening winds aloft in
response to anticyclonic flow and sharper ridging atop the region
should bring a gradual demise to PoPs and spell a return to drier
and somewhat hotter conditions.

&&

.LUB WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
None.
&&

$$

93



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