Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Rapid City, SD

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FXUS63 KUNR 230431

Area Forecast Discussion For Western SD and Northeastern WY
National Weather Service Rapid City SD
1031 PM MDT Sun Apr 22 2018

.DISCUSSION...(This Evening Through Sunday)
Issued at 224 PM MDT Sun Apr 22 2018

Weak upper ridging exists over the northern plains,
and the next shortwave to affect the region is over the Pacific
Northwest. Satellite shows mostly clear skies over the CWA. A cold
front extends from a Canadian low, just northwest of SD, where it is
expected to move little until Monday. Winds are from varying
directions around 5 to 10 kts, and temperatures are rising into the

Upper shortwave will strengthen as it approaches the northern plains
Monday. Warm air will advect into the western SD plains ahead of the
low, and temperatures there will rise into the 60s. However, western
parts of the CWA will remain cooler, as a cold front begins to sweep
through the area.

Precipitation will spread into the region behind the cold front
as rain, with some thunderstorms possible in the afternoon across
the southwestern CWA. Models are aligning more with yesterday`s
more northerly GFS, keeping the higher QPF amounts mainly over
northwestern and north central SD, where around an inch of liquid
precipitation may fall. They are also agreeing better on timing,
with precip lingering across south central SD until Tuesday night.

As cold air filters into the region behind the front, rain will
change to snow across northeastern WY and far western SD. Just a few
degrees of a change in temperature could make a big difference in
snow amounts; ensemble snowfall spreads vary greatly. Additionally,
actual snow accumulation will be tricky, given recently warm surface
temps. With models leaning towards a more northerly track of the
low, forecast snow amounts have decreased across northeastern WY and
the northern Hills, and increased across northwestern SD. Could see
generally 1-3 inches on the plains, and up to 5 inches in the Hills.

Gusty northwest winds will accompany the cold front, although the
highest pressure rises of 6-8 mb/3hr won`t arrive until after
sunset. Nonetheless, expecting sustained winds around 30 kts just
east of the Black Hills, which may be worth headlines if the trend

Following the Monday/Tuesday system, another wave will bring some
cool temps, breezy winds, and light showers to the area Thursday.
But other than that, upper ridging will keep weather generally mild
and dry for the rest of the week.


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS Through 06Z Monday Night)
Issued At 1021 PM MDT Sun Apr 22 2018

Rain will spread across the area from west to east on Monday
afternoon and will continue through Monday evening. Rain will
change to snow over parts of northeastern Wyoming, the Black Hills
and northwestern South Dakota late Monday evening. Over
northeastern Wyoming, VFR conditions will continue through Monday
morning. MVFR with areas of IFR CIGS will then develop after 18Z
Monday and will continue through Monday night. Over western South
Dakota, VFR conditions will continue through most of Monday
afternoon. MVFR with areas of IFR CIGS will then spread
southeastward across most of western South Dakota on Monday
evening. There is a slight chance of thunderstorms on Monday
afternoon over parts of northeastern WY, the Black Hills and far
southwestern SD.




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