Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Greer, SC

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000
FXUS62 KGSP 190739
AFDGSP

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Greenville-Spartanburg SC
339 AM EDT Sat Aug 19 2017

.SYNOPSIS...
High pressure will build across the forecast area and bring
relatively drier conditions over the weekend. A warming and
moistening airmass will return Monday before cool dry air works in
behind a frontal passage Wed night.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
Heights will fall slightly today, as a short wave trough passes
north of the region. Associated weak frontal zone will continue to
ooze southeast of the forecast area today, allowing lower surface
dewpoints to continue filtering into the forecast area. Aided by
boundary layer mixing, dewpoints in the lower/mid 60s, with perhaps
some 50s here and there are expected this afternoon. Combining this
with mid-level lapse rates of less than 6 C/km yields PM forecast
soundings with minimal buoyancy and a decent amount of CIN. That
being the case, deep convective development appears unlikely this
afternoon, and pops will be advertised at less than 20% in all
areas. Temps will also be a couple of degrees cooler than on Friday,
which along with the lower dewpoints will make for a comparatively
pleasant day after the mugginess of the past week. The "not-too-bad
for mid/late August" weather persists into tonight, with the drier
air expected to allow min temps to settle very close to climo, if
not a degree or two less in some spots.

&&

.SHORT TERM /SUNDAY THROUGH MONDAY NIGHT/...
As of 200 AM EDT Saturday: Upper level heights will begin to rise
and broaden rather quickly Sun as an h5 trof lifts over New Eng.
Sub/trop ridging will nudge in from the east as well and maintain a
1020 mb high across the ern CONUS. Thus...with good insol thru a
deep layer...convec and shra will be hard to come by. Model
soundings indicate below normal pwats and a pronounced subs inver
arnd h6. Think the best shot of thunder will be across the NC mtns
in ridge top convg where perhaps a couple short lived storms may
develop during the afternoon. Deep sfc-based mixing will tap into
dry air aloft and continue the relatively low td/s making for a hot
but not unbearable feeling day for mid Aug. A quiet overnight period
is in store and weak llvl flow will gradually shift se/ly as the sfc
high centers off the mid/Atl coast.

This flow will allow an increase in sfc tds...but not enough to
overcome the deep layered negative forcing to produce a sigfnt
convec threat outside the higher terrain. With some mech lift in
play...a few stronger thermally driven pulse storms will be
possible across the NC mtns thru the afternoon. Most areas outside
the mtns will see little if any storms as llvl forcing will remain
south of the FA and strong ridging dominates. The models agree
fairly well with keeping a stationary front moisture axis situated
across the Low Country with a little movement to the NW during the
day likely due to the sea breeze. The latest NAM is more aggressive
with llvl moisture flux than the GFS...but as far as the impact on
cloud cover during the eclipse...it shouldn/t make a noticeable
difference. Basically...will expect fair weather or slightly enhance
Cu to the south covering about 30-40% of the sky during the early
afternoon and rather good eclipse viewing with this pattern. Things
could change depending on the strength and alignment of a building
Atl sfc ridge...but for now things look to remain on track similar
to the previous few fcsts. Max temps Mon shud still reach the u80s
or l90s non/mtns even with a 5-7 degree or so drop off during the
eclipse. Sfc td/s will rebound to arnd 70 F however making for
muggy conds and elevated heat index values.

&&

.LONG TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
As of 245 AM EDT Saturday: A period of transition is in store over
the medium range. Strong ulvl ridging will continue to hold a
stagnant warm and moist airmass over the FA with little forcing to
speak of outside of llvl thermal lift mainly across the mtns. Low
end PoPs have been maintained with the favored locale being the SW
NC mtns in modest upslope but moist flow. Heights begin to fall Wed
ahead of an incoming h5 wave and an attendant sfc front. Strong
energy rounding a closed low over ern Canada will push this front
into and thru the area late Wed with prefrontal lift becoming a
focusing zone for stg/svr storms by mid afternoon. The front looks
to remain pretty much intact as it crosses the high terrain and it
will benefit from continued GOM moisture flux early on. Thus...some
organization is possible with this system as deep layered shear
reaches 30 kts or so. The shear may not be a huge factor however as
relatively stronger winds remain above h75. But nonetheless...good
llvl forcing and an unstable airmass will be in play. A strong cP
high will be forced south across the Midwest Thu as deep h5 ridging
develops into wrn Canada. This will bring a lowering of td/s and
max temps by a couple cats or so...which shud be reinforced Fri as a
broad sfc high situates across the srn Glakes region. There is still
a shot at some afternoon mtn top convec...mainly showers...Thu and
Fri afternoon...but the latter half of the fcst period will see
unseasonably pleasant feeling weather compared the recent hot
and muggy conds.

&&

.AVIATION /08Z SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
At KCLT: Weak cold front will continue to move slowly east of the
terminal forecast area through the morning. However, concerns
regarding the potential for patchy fog/low stratus remain,
particularly at KAVL and KHKY. Although low level moisture remains
plentiful and winds will remain light, there is the potential for
gradual drying to outpace the fall in temperature at KHKY, but still
opted to include a tempo for IFR conditions btw 08-11Z, as
surrounding sites with similar conditions are already reporting
IFR/LIFR conditions. At KAVL, drier air is already beginning to
filter in, while an up-valley wind is keeping the surface layer
lightly mixed. Confidence in restrictions developing there is
therefore even lower than at KHKY, but in light of the tempo for 2SM
that was inherited from the previous forecast, opted to continue the
tempo from 10-12Z. Otherwise, VFR conditions along with a
convection-free afternoon is expected through the period. Winds will
generally favor light NW through NE through the morning hours, but
may become more variable in direction this afternoon.

Outlook: The inactive pattern is expected to continue into early
next week, although patchy morning fog/stratus will remain possible,
mainly in the mountain valleys. A more typical late summer pattern
returns by mid-week, with isolated/scattered afternoon/evening
storms expected, along with better chances for patchy fog/low
stratus, especially in the mtn valleys.

Confidence Table...

            07-13Z        13-19Z        19-01Z        01-06Z
KCLT       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KGSP       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KAVL       High  86%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KHKY       High  90%     High  96%     High 100%     High 100%
KGMU       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KAND       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%

The percentage reflects the number of guidance members agreeing
with the scheduled TAF issuance flight rule category. Complete hourly
experimental aviation forecast consistency tables and ensemble forecasts
are available at the following link:

www.weather.gov/gsp/aviation

&&

.GSP WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
GA...None.
NC...None.
SC...None.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...SBK
NEAR TERM...JDL
SHORT TERM...SBK
LONG TERM...SBK
AVIATION...JDL



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