Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Chicago, IL

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000
FXUS63 KLOT 232216
AFDLOT

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CHICAGO/ROMEOVILLE IL
416 PM CST SUN NOV 23 2014

.SHORT TERM...
244 PM CST

UNSEASONABLY WARM/MOIST AIRMASS CONTINUES TO ADVECT NORTH ACROSS THE
REGION THIS AFTN...AND LOOKS TO CONTINUE THROUGH TONIGHT. THE MAIN
CONCERN FOR THE OVERNIGHT WILL BE ON RAINFALL TOTALS AND IF THIS
WILL POSE ANY HYDRO CONCERNS.

STRONG WARM AIR ADVECTION THIS AFTERNOON HAS ALLOWED SFC TEMPS TO
WARM INTO THE 50S ACROSS MUCH OF THE FORECAST AREA WITH DEW POINTS
APPROACHING THE UPPER 40S/ARND 50. THE AXIS OF THE HEAVIER RAINFALL
THIS AFTN HAS SHIFTED TO THE NORTHWEST AND STRETCHES FROM CENTRAL
WISC SOUTHWEST THROUGH FAR EASTERN IOWA. HAVE NUDGED TEMPS OVERNIGHT
UP A TAD...AND EXPECT TEMPS TO REMAIN NEARLY CONSISTENT UNTIL CLOSER
TO DAYBREAK MON WHEN THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY BEGINS TO APPROACH THE
NORTHWEST CWFA. GUIDANCE CONTINUES TO SUGGEST THE LOW DROPPING
SOUTHEAST ACROSS THE UPPER MIDWEST AND THE SECONDARY ONE LIFTING
NORTH FROM THE SOUTHWEST...WILL CONVERGE ACROSS SOUTHWEST LOWER
MICHIGAN JUST BEFORE DAYBREAK MON. THE COLD FRONT WILL BE NEARING
THE WESTERN CWFA ARND DAYBREAK...AND STEADILY SLIDE EAST THRU THE
MORNING. ASSOCIATED WILL BE A SHARP THERMAL TROUGH THAT WILL CAUSE
TEMPS TO STEADILY FALL THROUGHOUT THE MORNING/AFTN. SO THE DAY MAY
START MILD...BUT BY MIDDAY THAT WILL CERTAINLY NOT BE THE CASE WITH
TEMPS GENERALLY IN THE UPR 20S/LOW 30S. PRECIP WILL BE QUICKLY
TRANSITIONING OVER FROM RAIN TO SNOW.

AS THE SNOW BEGINS MIDDAY ACROSS THE NORTHWEST...GUIDANCE HAS BEEN
RELATIVELY CONSISTENT THAT AT ONSET RATIOS WILL HOVER ARND 8:1 TO
9:1...THEN AS THE COLDER AIR ADVECTS IN THOSE RATIOS SHUD STEADILY
CLIMB TO 14:1-17:1 BY LATE MON AFTN/EARLY EVE. COMPOUNDING THE SETUP
WILL BE STEADILY INCREASING PRESSURE GRADIENT THAT WILL CREATE GUSTY
WINDS NEARING 30-35MPH. THERE IS A NARROW WINDOW WHERE SNOWFALL
RATES COULD NEAR 1-2"/HR FOR A COUPLE HOURS...MAINLY BETWEEN 2-4PM
CST AND MAINLY WEST OF A LASALLE TO CRYSTAL LAKE LINE. HAVE BUMPED
SNOW TOTALS UP TO 2-4" AND COULD SEE IN PORTIONS OF WINNEBAGO COUNTY
3-5" CLOSER TO THE WISC STATELINE IN NORTHERN WINNEBAGO COUNTY.

ELSEWHERE SNOW WILL BEGIN TO ACCUMULATE...BUT EXPECTING MUCH LESS
WITH PERHAPS AN INCH IN CHICAGO AND LESSER TOTALS FURTHER SOUTH.
500MB TROUGH AXIS PIVOTS OVERHEAD MON EVE...AND WILL SLOWLY BRING AN
END TO THE ACCUMULATING SNOW. THE BETTER MOISTURE WILL QUICKLY PEEL
OFF TO THE NORTHEAST LATE MON NGT...HOWEVER ENOUGH OMEGA/MOISTURE TO
KEEP MENTION OF LGT SNOW SHOWERS MON NGT.

OVERNIGHT LOWS MON DIP FALL TO THE LOW 20S TO MID 20S IN THE
SOUTHEAST.

BEACHLER

&&

.LONG TERM...
244 PM CST

TUESDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY...
LARGE MID-LVL TROUGH WILL BE IN PLACE TUE/WED WITH A WEAK SFC RIDGE
LIFTING NORTH AND BRINGING A GRADUAL EROSION TO THE CLOUDS TUE
NGT/WED. UNFORTUNATELY THIS MAY BE SHORT LIVED AS GUIDANCE SUGGESTS
A QUICK SHORTWAVE WILL DROP SOUTH FROM CENTRAL CANADA INTO THE
NORTHERN PLAINS EARLY WED...AND APPROACH THE FORECAST AREA MIDDAY
WED. THIS SYSTEM COULD BRING ANOTHER PERIOD OF LIGHT SNOW WITH SOME
MINOR ACCUMULATIONS.

TEMPS TUE WILL REMAIN IN THE 20S...HOWEVER WITH SOME THINNING IN THE
CLOUDS FOR WED TEMPS COULD REBOUND INTO THE LOW/MID 30S. BUT IT WILL
HINGE UPON THE ARRIVAL OF THE NEXT MID-LVL WAVE AND CLOUD COVER.

THURSDAY THROUGH SATURDAY...
ENSEMBLES IN THE LONGER TERM CONTINUES TO POINT TOWARDS A TROUGH
CARVED OUT ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES/TENN VALLEY FOR THE SECOND HALF OF
THE WEEK...AND THEN BEGINS TO FLATTEN FOR THE SECOND HALF OF THE
WEEKEND. AT THIS TIME GUIDANCE SUGGESTS DRY AIR AND A SFC RIDGE
OVERHEAD FOR THANKSGIVING DAY. TEMPS WILL GENERALLY BE IN THE 20S
FOR THE BULK OF THE EXTENDED.

BEACHLER

&&

.AVIATION...

//ORD AND MDW CONCERNS...UPDATED 22Z...

* RAIN WITH IFR CIGS AND VARIABLE 2-4SM VSBY THROUGH THE EVENING.
  IFR LOWERS TOWARDS 500 FT EARLY EVENING. LIGHTER RAIN OR DRIZZLE
  AND IFR CIGS/VSBY PERSISTS THROUGH THE NIGHT.

* SOUTHEAST WINDS TURN LIGHT SOUTHWEST OR EVEN VARIABLE LATE THIS
  EVENING.

* WINDS VEERING SOUTHWEST TO WEST BY LATE TOMORROW MORNING AND
  INCREASING TO 20G30KT BY AROUND NOON WITH OCCASIONAL HIGHER
  GUSTS POSSIBLE.

* RAIN WILL TRANSITION TO SNOW DURG THE LATE MORNING TO EARLY
  AFTERNOON HOURS...WITH LIGHT SNOW CONTINUING THROUGH THE
  AFTERNOON.

MDB

//DISCUSSION...UPDATED 22Z...

NO MAJOR CHANGES IN FORECAST THINKING LATE THIS AFTERNOON WITH IFR
CIGS AND RAIN NOW SPREAD ACROSS THE TERMINALS. VSBY LOOKS TO
FLUCTUATE BETWEEN 2 AND 4SM WITH INTERMITTENT HIGHER VALUES AS
RAIN INTENSITY CHANGES. MOST INTENSE RAIN SHOULD FALL BETWEEN
ABOUT NOW AND MID EVENING. WIND TRENDS REMAIN ON TRACK BUT THERE
MAY BE A PERIOD OF LIGHT AND VARIABLE WINDS AS SURFACE LOW
PRESSURE PASSES NEARBY OR OVERHEAD EARLY TONIGHT.

MDB

FROM 18Z...

LATEST RADAR IMAGERY SHOWING AN AREA OF WIDESPREAD RAIN MOVING NWRN
ALG THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER AND OVER NWRN IL...WITH MORE SHOWERY
PCPN OVER NERN IL AND INTO NWRN IN. RFD WILL LIKELY SEE THE STEADY
RAIN INITIALLY...BUT BASED ON THE LATEST RADAR TRENDS...THE MORE
WIDESPREAD...STEADY RAIN SHOULD MOVE INTO THE CHICAGO AREA
TERMINALS THROUGH THE EARLY AFTERNOON HOURS. CIGS HAVE ALREADY
DROPPED TO MVFR AND ANTICIPATE THAT CIGS SHOULD CONTINUE TO LOWER
AS RAIN FALLS THROUGH THE STRATUS LAYER...SATURATING BASES
DOWNWARD AND ALLOWING CIGS TO DROP INTO IFR LEVELS THROUGH THE
AFTERNOON. AS THE STEADIER RAIN AND HIGHER DEWPOINTS CONTINUE TO
STREAM NEWD...VIS WILL BEGIN TO DROP S WELL...INITIALLY TO MVFR
LEVELS THROUGH THE EARLY AFTERNOON AND THEN TO IFR LEVELS BY LATE
AFTERNOON. IFR CONDITIONS SHOULD THEN PERSIST THROUGH THE EVENING
AND OVERNIGHT...AND POSSIBLE EVEN EXTEND THROUGH TOMORROW MORNING.

WINDS WILL START OUT SLY AT THE INITIAL TIME...BUT EXPECT
DIRECTION TO BECOME SELY BY LATE AFTERNOON AS A MID LEVEL IMPULSE
TRACKS NWD AND SFC LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPS OVER MISSOURI LATE
AFTERNOON INTO EARLY EVENING. THE LOW IS EXPECTED TO TRACK INTO
LOWER MICHIGAN BY MONDAY MORNING...CAUSING WINDS TO VEER TO SWLY
DURG THE MORNING HOURS. AN ASSOCIATED COLD FRONT SHOULD PASS
ACROSS THE REGION AS THE SFC LOW MOVES INTO LOWER MICHIGAN...AND
COLDER AIR WILL BEING TO FILTER ACROSS THE REGION THROUGH THE
MORNING AS WINDS CONTINUE TO VEER TO WLY BY EARLY AFTERNOON. THE
INFLUX OF COLDER AIR WILL CAUSE PCPN TO GRADUALLY SHIFT OVER TO A
RAIN/SNOW MIX BY LATE MORNING AND THEN CHANGE OVER TO ALL SNOW BY
ARND NOON. PCPN RATES WILL DECREASE FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF THE
COLD FRONT...BUT WINDS WILL QUICKLY INCREASE WITH GUSTS TO 30 KT
OR OR BY AROUND NOON AS WELL. THE COMBINATION OF LIGHT SNOW AND
STRONG WINDS WILL KEEP VIS RESTRICTED TO IFR LEVELS THROUGH MUCH
OF THE DAY TOMORROW.

KREIN

//ORD AND MDW CONFIDENCE...UPDATED 22Z...

* MEDIUM TO HIGH CONFIDENCE IN CIG/VIS TRENDS.

* HIGH CONFIDENCE IN PCPN TRENDS...BUT MEDIUM CONFIDENCE IN THE
  TIMING OF THE TRANSITION FROM PREVAILING RAIN TO PREVAILING
  SNOW.

* HIGH CONFIDENCE IN WIND TRENDS...BUT HAVE SOME CONCERN FOR GUSTS
  HIGHER THAN 30-32KT TOMORROW AFTERNOON.

MDB

//OUTLOOK FOR ORD/MDW FOR 00Z TUESDAY-12Z SUNDAY...UPDATED 12Z...

MONDAY NIGHT...SNOW SHOWERS LIKELY. GUSTY BUT DIMINISHING WEST WINDS.

TUESDAY...MVFR CIGS POSSIBLE WITH A FEW FLURRIES IN THE MORNING.
NORTHWEST WINDS.

WEDNESDAY...CHANCE OF SNOW. MVFR/IFR PSBL. SSE WINDS TURNING WEST.

THURSDAY...SCHC SNOW...OTHERWISE VFR. BREEZY NORTHWEST WINDS.

FRIDAY...SCHC SNOW.

SATURDAY...VFR.

KMD

&&

.MARINE...

237 PM...LOW PRESSURE OVER NORTHERN MINNESOTA WILL CONTINUE TO
WEAKEN AS IT REACHES WESTERN LAKE SUPERIOR THIS EVENING. LOW
PRESSURE OVER OKLAHOMA WILL MOVE NORTHEAST ACROSS THE LAKE TONIGHT
ABSORBING THE WEAKENING LOW OVER LAKE SUPERIOR. THE TRACK OF THIS
LOW HAS CONTINUED TO DRIFT A LITTLE FURTHER EAST WITH EACH RUN AND
THE LOW NOW PASSES EAST OF LAKE SUPERIOR...MOVING OVER EASTERN
ONTARIO MONDAY WITH A PRESSURE NEAR 28.8 INCHES. THIS WILL DELAY
THE ONSET OF GALES BY A FEW HOURS...UNTIL LATE MORNING ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN PART OF THE LAKE AND THEN TO LATE AFTERNOON ACROSS THE
NORTHERN PART. UPGRADED THE GALE WATCH TO A GALE WARNING FOR THE
SOUTH HALF BUT MAINTAINED THE WATCH ACROSS THE NORTHERN HALF.
GALES WILL DIMINISH BY DAYBREAK TUESDAY WITH WINDS STEADILY
DIMINISHING TUESDAY AS HIGH PRESSURE MOVES ACROSS THE SOUTHERN
LAKES AND OHIO VALLEY. ANOTHER LOW WILL MOVE ACROSS THE LAKES
REGION WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON INTO WEDNESDAY NIGHT. CMS

&&

.LOT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
IL...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY...ILZ003-ILZ004-ILZ008-ILZ010-
     ILZ011...NOON MONDAY TO MIDNIGHT TUESDAY.

     WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY...ILZ005-ILZ006-ILZ012...3 PM MONDAY TO
     MIDNIGHT TUESDAY.

IN...NONE.
LM...GALE WARNING...LMZ080-LMZ669-LMZ671-LMZ673-LMZ675-LMZ740-LMZ741-
     LMZ742-LMZ743-LMZ744-LMZ745-LMZ777-LMZ779-LMZ870-LMZ872-
     LMZ874-LMZ876-LMZ878...9 AM MONDAY TO 3 AM TUESDAY.

     GALE WATCH...LMZ261-LMZ362-LMZ364-LMZ366-LMZ563-LMZ565-LMZ567-
     LMZ868...3 PM MONDAY TO 3 AM TUESDAY.

&&

$$

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