Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Chicago, IL

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000
FXUS63 KLOT 262205
AFDLOT

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CHICAGO/ROMEOVILLE IL
405 PM CST THU FEB 26 2015

.SHORT TERM...

THROUGH SATURDAY...

243 PM...LAKE EFFECT IS NOW ORGANIZING INTO A SINGLE BAND AS
WINDS TURN MORE NORTHWEST ACROSS NORTHEAST IL AND THIS BAND IS
SHIFTING TO THE SOUTHEAST AND WILL BE OUT OF COOK COUNTY IN THE
NEXT HOUR OR SO. WILL BE EXPIRING LAKE COUNTY IL FROM THE WARNING
AND FOR NOW WILL LET COOK COUNTY RIDE UNTIL 6 PM...BUT IF CURRENT
TRENDS CONTINUE...IT PROBABLY WILL BE CANCELLED EARLY.

HI RES GUIDANCE IS IN REASONABLE AGREEMENT THAT THE LAKE EFFECT
BAND WILL SHIFT INTO PORTER COUNTY BY EARLY/MID EVENING...SO
EXPECTED AMOUNTS IN NORTHERN LAKE COUNTY INDIANA ARE A BIT
UNCERTAIN BUT WITH RATES OF 1-2 INCHES PER HOUR IN THE BAND...ITS
POSSIBLE SOME ISOLATED AMOUNTS OF 3 TO 6 INCHES WILL BE POSSIBLE.
MORE CONFIDENCE WITH AMOUNTS INTO NORTHERN PORTER COUNTY AS THE
BAND REMAINS THERE FROM MID EVENING THROUGH THE OVERNIGHT HOURS
WITH LOCALLY 4 TO 7 INCHES...PERHAPS MOSTLY NEAR THE LAKE. THE
BAND THEN BEGINS TO SHIFT OUT OF THE LAKE TOWARD MORNING. SO NOT
PLANNING ANY CHANGES TO THE WARNING END TIME FOR EITHER LAKE OR
PORTER COUNTIES...THOUGH CONFIDENCE REGARDING WHEN EXACTLY PRECIP
ENDS IS A BIT UNCERTAIN.

HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS ACROSS THE MIDWEST TONIGHT AND THEN MOVES
ACROSS THE AREA ON FRIDAY. WINDS WILL SLOWLY DIMINISH OVERNIGHT
BUT LIKLELY REMAIN IN THE 5-10 MPH. THIS COMBINED WITH TEMPS
DROPPING WELL BELOW ZERO AWAY FROM CHICAGO WILL RESULT IN WINDS
CHILLS 20 BELOW TO 25 BELOW ZERO ACROSS THE NORTHERN CWA AND INTO
THE 15 BELOW RANGE SOUTH OF I-80. VALUES ARE BIT MARGINAL INTO
CHICAGO AND ALONG THE I-80 CORRIDOR BUT PLAN TO ISSUE A WIND
CHILL ADVISORY OVERNIGHT INTO FRIDAY MORNING GENERALLY ALONG AND
NORTH OF I-80 IN ILLINOIS.

DESPITE THE LIGHT WINDS AND SUNNY SKIES ON FRIDAY AS THE HIGH
SLOWLY MOVES ACROSS THE AREA...THE AIRMASS WILL REMAIN VERY COLD
WITH HIGHS ONLY REACHING THE MID TO PERHAPS UPPER TEENS. TEMPS
WILL LIKELY TANK FRIDAY NIGHT AS THE HIGH SHIFTS EAST AND LIGHT
WINDS TURN SOUTHERLY. SATURDAY WILL BE DRY AND A BIT WARMER WITH
HIGHS IN THE LOWER/MIDS 20S WITH INCREASING CLOUDS IN THE
AFTERNOON. CMS

&&

.LONG TERM...

SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY...

THE TIME FRAME WILL START OUT ACTIVE AS A PERIOD OF ACCUMULATING
SNOW IS APPEARING LIKELY SATURDAY NIGHT INTO SUNDAY. STEADILY
INCREASING UPPER LEVEL FLOW OUT AHEAD OF DIGGING TROUGH TO THE
NORTH WILL ALLOW SHORT WAVE ENERGY TO TRAVERSE THE REGION DURING
THIS PERIOD...WHILE ONGOING WAA PERSISTS. THIS SHOULD ALLOW SNOW
TO SPREAD NORTHEAST ACROSS THE CWA DURING THE EVENING HOURS WITH
SNOW LIKELY ACROSS MUCH OF THE CWA AFTER THE MIDNIGHT TIME
FRAME...THEN LIKELY CONTINUING INTO SUNDAY AFTERNOON. MOST
GUIDANCE IN AGREEMENT WITH OVERALL LARGE SCALE SETUP DURING THIS
TIME AND EVEN WITH THIS SNOW SPREADING OVER THE CWA.
HOWEVER...THERE DOES APPEAR TO BE SOME TIMING DIFFERENCES OF THE
ONSET AND TIMING OF BEST SNOWFALL. SO I DO FEEL IT WILL SNOW AND
HAVE LIKELY POPS OVER THE ENTIRE CWA LATE SATURDAY NIGHT INTO
SUNDAY MORNING...BUT DID NOT GO TO CATEGORICAL BASED ON THE
PREVIOUSLY MENTIONED UNCERTAINTIES. ONLY MINOR CHANGES MADE TO THE
CURRENT SNOW FORECAST WITH THE BEST FORCING AND HIGHEST SNOWFALL
TOTALS CURRENTLY EXPECTED TO BE SOUTH OF I80. WHILE MOST OF THE
CWA WILL LIKELY OBSERVE ACCUMULATING SNOWFALL...THE SOUTHERN CWA
COULD APPROACH ADVISORY TYPE SNOW. HOWEVER I WONDER IF MY CURRENT
TOTAL MIGHT BE A LITTLE TOO HIGH...ESPECIALLY WITH THE ANTICIPATED
DRIVING MECHANISMS OF THIS SNOW...BUT THE LONGER DURATION OF THIS
LIGHT TO AT TIME MODERATE SNOW COULD HELP FOR THE CURRENT FORECAST
TOTALS. SYSTEM SNOW WILL DEPART TO THE EAST LATE SUNDAY AND SUNDAY
EVENING...AS HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS ACROSS THE REGION.

EARLY NEXT WEEK APPEARS TO BEGIN QUIET...BUT WITH ACTIVE WEATHER
RETURNING THROUGH MIDWEEK. HIGHLY AMPLIFIED PATTERN WITH UPPER
LEVEL RIDGE OVER THE EASTERN US AND A DIGGING TROUGH OVER THE
WESTERN CONUS WILL BE IN PLACE ON TUESDAY...AS DEEPENING SURFACE
LOW APPROACHES THE CWA FROM THE SOUTHWEST. STRONG WARM AIR AND
MOIST ADVECTION IS ANTICIPATED MONDAY NIGHT AND ESPECIALLY
TUESDAY/TUESDAY NIGHT. THIS WILL NOT ONLY PROVIDE THE POTENTIAL
FOR INITIAL VARYING PRECIP TYPE BUT WITH ALSO STEADIER
RAINFALL...AS A BROAD AREA OF PRECIP IS EXPECTED TO ACCOMPANY THIS
SYSTEM. EC AND GFS SIMILAR WITH REGARDS TO WAA...BUT WITH THE GFS
NOT AS ROBUST WITH THE MOISTURE ADVECTION AS THE EC IS APPEARING
TO BE. IF THE EC WERE TO VERIFY...THEN SURFACE DEWPOINTS COULD
APPROACH 50 DEG AND 850MB DEWPOINTS APPROACHING 10-11C. THIS WILL
BE CONCERNING FOR POSSIBLE HYDRO ISSUES...ESPECIALLY WITH THE
ANTICIPATED SNOW THIS WEEKEND. THERMAL PROFILES SUPPORTIVE OF ALL
RAIN ON TUESDAY AND ALTHOUGH I HAVENT INCLUDED THUNDER IN THE
GRIDS AT THIS TIME...WILL NEED TO MONITOR THIS POTENTIAL AS
WELL...ESPECIALLY FOR THE SOUTHERN CWA.

RODRIGUEZ

&&

.CLIMATE...345 AM CST

TEMPERATURES ARE FORECAST ONCE AGAIN TO BE CLOSE OR BREAK THE
FOLLOWING DAILY RECORDS THROUGH THE END OF THE MONTH...INCLUDING
ONE ON FRIDAY IN ROCKFORD THAT WAS SET JUST LAST WINTER:

ROCKFORD...

FRIDAY FEB 27TH LOW MAXIMUM: 15 IN 2014
SATURDAY FEB 28TH LOW: -7 IN 1962
SATURDAY FEB 28TH LOW MAXIMUM: 17 IN 1962

CHICAGO...

FRIDAY FEB 27TH LOW: -6 IN 1897
SATURDAY FEB 28TH LOW: 0 IN 1884

MTF

&&

.AVIATION...

//ORD AND MDW CONCERNS...UPDATED 22Z...

* NORTH-NORTHWEST WINDS 8 TO 12 KT DIMINISHING TO BELOW 10 KT THIS
  EVENING.

RC

//DISCUSSION...UPDATED 22Z...

THE INTENSE LAKE EFFECT SNOW BAND IS PUSHING EAST OF GYY AND WILL CONTINUE
TO DO SO INTO THE EVENING. WINDS AT ORD AND MDW RANGE BETWEEN 330
AND 350 DEGREES AT ABOUT 8-12KT. PREVAILING SPEEDS WILL DIMINISH
TO BELOW 10 KT EARLY THIS EVENING...BY ABOUT 01Z AT ORD.

RC

FROM 18Z...

THE FOCUS FOR LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS WILL GRADUALLY BEGIN TO SHIFT
EASTWARD INTO SOUTHERN COOK AND NORTHWESTERN INDIANA OVER THE NEXT
FEW HOURS. AREA SURFACE OBSERVATIONS INDICATE WINDS SHIFTING
NORTHERLY ACROSS LAKE AND NORTHERN COOK COUNTIES IN ILLINOIS. RADAR
TRENDS OVER THE PAST HOUR HAVE ALSO SHOWN A DECREASE IN INTENSITIES
ACROSS LAKE COUNTY ILLINOIS...WITH SEVERAL SITES NOW OUT OF THE SNOW
AREA. THESE SAME TRENDS SHOULD GRADUALLY SHIFT SOUTH AND EASTWARD
THROUGH THE AFTERNOON. A BETTER WELL DEVELOPED BAND OF LAKE EFFECT
SNOW SHOWERS WILL TRY TO MOVE OVER KMDW OVER THE NEXT HOUR OR
SO...AND THIS COULD RESULT IN ANOTHER BRIEF PERIOD OF LOW
VISIBILITIES...POSSIBLY DOWN TO A HALF MILE. CONDITIONS WILL
IMPROVE BY MID AFTERNOON AT KMDW...BUT AT KGYY PERIODS OF LAKE
EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS WILL CONTINUE THROUGH THE AFTERNOON...BEFORE
ABATING THIS EVENING.

AFTER THIS LAKE EFFECT FOCUS SHIFTS EAST OF THE TERMINALS A PERIOD
OF QUIET WEATHER IS EXPECTED FOR TONIGHT AND FRIDAY AS A SURFACE
RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE MOVES OVER CENTRAL ILLINOIS. WINDS ARE
EXPECTED TO BE RATHER LIGHT WITH A WESTERLY DIRECTION.

KJB

//ORD AND MDW CONFIDENCE...UPDATED 22Z...

HIGH WITH ALL ELEMENTS.

RC

//OUTLOOK FOR ORD/MDW FOR 00Z SATURDAY-12Z THURSDAY...UPDATED 12Z...

FRIDAY NIGHT...VFR. SOUTHWEST WINDS.
SATURDAY...VFR THEN SNOW WITH IFR PROBABLE SATURDAY NIGHT. SOUTH
           WINDS.
SUNDAY...SNOW WITH IFR POSSIBLE. SOUTHWEST WINDS.
MONDAY...VFR THEN LIGHT SNOW WITH IFR POSSIBLE MONDAY NIGHT. NORTH
         WINDS.
TUESDAY...WINTRY MIX LIKELY WITH IFR. SOUTHWEST WINDS.
WEDNESDAY...SLIGHT CHANCE OF SNOW AND IFR. NORTHWEST WINDS.

MTF

&&

.MARINE...
215 PM CST

THE FAR NORTHERN PORTIONS OF THE LAKE REMAINS ICE COVERED AS DO
THE SOUTHERN NEARSHORE WATERS. THERE...WAVES HAVE REMOVED FROM THE
FORECAST FOR THESE AREAS.

HIGH PRESSURE EXTENDS FROM THE NORTHERN PLAINS...WITH A CENTRAL
PRESSURE OF 30.8 INCHES...SOUTH THROUGH TEXAS AND EAST ACROSS THE
GREAT LAKES. THE CENTER OF THE HIGH WILL CONTINUE TO DROP TO THE
SOUTHEAST...TO THE UPPER MISSOURI VALLEY BY FRIDAY MORNING. WITH
RIDGE AXIS EXTENDING ACROSS LAKE MICHIGAN...A CONVERGENCE BAND HAS
SET UP WITH A PLUME OF LAKE EFFECT SNOW MOVING ACROSS THE SOUTHERN
PORTIONS OF THE LAKE. AS THE CENTER OF THE HIGH CONTINUES TO
SETTLE INTO THE OHIO VALLEY FRIDAY AND FRIDAY NIGHT...WINDS OVER
THE LAKE WILL BACK FROM NORTHERLY TO WESTERLY FRIDAY NIGHT AND
SATURDAY. AS THE HIGH MOVES OFF TO THE EAST...A WEAK COLD FRONT IS
EXPECTED TO CROSS THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY SATURDAY
NIGHT...BACKING WINDS OVER THE LAKE TO SOUTHWESTERLY. THROUGH THIS
PERIOD...WINDS WILL BE ON A GENERAL WEAKENING TREND. THE WEAK COLD
FRONT IS EXPECTED TO SWEEP ACROSS THE LAKE SUNDAY EVENING WITH
ANOTHER ARCTIC HIGH QUICKLY FOLLOWING IN IT`S WAKE. THIS HIGH WILL
TAKE A MORE NORTHERLY TRACK...WITH THE CENTER OF THE HIGH CROSSING
THE LAKE SUNDAY NIGHT AND MONDAY...LEADING TO A SHORT PERIOD OF
LIGHT AND VARIABLE WINDS. THE HIGH SHOULD THEN PUSH EAST OF THE
LAKE MONDAY AND MONDAY NIGHT AS LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPS OVER
KANSAS/NEBRASKA IN THE LEE OF THE ROCKIES...SETTING UP A PERIOD OF
SOUTHEAST WINDS AS AN ASSOCIATED WARM FRONT EXTENDS EAST OF THE
LOW...TO THE OHIO VALLEY. THE LOW IS EXPECTED TO DEEPEN TO 29.1
INCHES AS IT TRACKS NORTHEAST AND CROSSES THE MIDDLE OF LAKE
MICHIGAN TUESDAY EVENING.

KREIN

&&

.LOT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
IL...WIND CHILL ADVISORY...ILZ003-ILZ004-ILZ005-ILZ006-ILZ008-ILZ010-
     ILZ011-ILZ012-ILZ013-ILZ014-ILZ019-ILZ020-ILZ021-ILZ022...2
     AM FRIDAY TO 9 AM FRIDAY.

IN...LAKE EFFECT SNOW WARNING...INZ001 UNTIL 9 PM THURSDAY.

     LAKE EFFECT SNOW WARNING...INZ002 UNTIL 6 AM FRIDAY.

LM...NONE.
&&

$$

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