Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Chicago, IL

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000
FXUS63 KLOT 261959
AFDLOT

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CHICAGO/ROMEOVILLE IL
259 PM CDT TUE MAY 26 2015

.SHORT TERM...
253 PM CDT

THROUGH WEDNESDAY...

A SURFACE LOW IS OVER NORTHEAST IA AND SW WI WITH A VORT MAX OVER
IOWA. THE LOWS COLD FRONT REMAINS A BIT FURTHER BACK OVER CENTRAL IA
AND EASTERN KS. THE LOW WILL DEEPEN SLIGHTLY AS IT MOVES OVER
CENTRAL WI AND ITS COLD FRONT SWINGS THROUGH WEDNESDAY. THE MAIN
CONCERN RIGHT NOW IS HOW MUCH CONVECTION WILL DEVELOP THIS
AFTERNOON.  THE LATEST RAP ANALYSIS SUGGESTS A RIBBON OF 1000 J/KG
OF CAPE IS OVER I-39...BUT THINKING THAT CAPE IN REALITY IS AROUND
500 J/KG DUE TO LIMITED HEATING. CAPE VALUES COULD RISE TO AROUND
1000 J/KG AS THERE ARE A FEW BREAKS IN THE CLOUDS...BUT THINKING IN
GENERAL THE BREAKS ARE MOVING TOO QUICKLY AND TOO FEW AND FAR BTWN
TO AMOUNT TO MUCH.  SHEAR VALUES REMAIN VERY FAVORABLE FOR ORGANIZED
STORMS WITH VALUES AROUND 35-40 KT.

THEREFORE EXPECTING SCATTERED SHOWER/TS DEVELOPMENT THIS AFTN IN THE
WAKE OF THE LINE OF SHOWERS THAT IS SHIFTING EAST ACROSS INDIANA
RIGHT NOW.  A SECOND SKINNY LINE OF CONVECTION LIES FROM DIXON IL TO
JERSEYVILLE IL WITH A FEW ADDITIONAL CELLS OUT AHEAD OF IT. DUE TO
LIMITED CAPE AS DISCUSSED ABOVE...THE STRONGER CELLS MAY PRODUCE
DAMAGING WINDS. WINDS HAVE VEERED TO THE SW AND HELICITY IS MUCH
LOWER SO NOT AS CONCERNED ABOUT ISOLATED TORNADOES AS I WAS THIS
MORNING.  PWAT VALUES REMAIN VERY IMPRESSIVE AT 1.4-1.7 INCHES SO
ANY OF THE NEW SHOWERS WILL BE CAPABLE OF ADDITIONAL HEAVY DOWNPOURS.

THE AREA OF SCATTERED SHOWERS AND STORMS SHIFTS EAST OF THE CWA THIS
EVENING...BUT WE ARE NOT DONE YET. ANOTHER ROUND OF SHOWERS AND
PERHAPS OF THUNDERSTORMS MAY FORM THIS EVENING AS THE VORT MAX
APPROACHES. THINKING THE COVERAGE WILL BE BEST ALONG AND WEST OF
GARY INDIANA TO PAXTON IL LINE. HAVE LOW CONFIDENCE IN COVERAGE AND
TIMING OF THIS ROUND OF SHOWERS...BUT NOT EXPECTING MUCH THUNDER AND
NO SEVERE WEATHER.  DEWPOINTS REMAIN IN THE 60S TONIGHT SO THINKING
WE WILL NOT COOL MUCH...SO KEPT LOWS IN THE LOW TO MID 60S.

THE PATTERN REMAINS MESSY TOMORROW BUT NOT AS ACTIVE.  A PAIR OF
VORT STREAMERS AND THE LOWS COLD FRONT ROTATE THROUGH AND SHOWERS
AND STORMS MAY FORM ALONG THEM.  THE FIRST IS ASSOCIATED WITH THE
UPPER LEVEL LOW SHIFTING NE INTO ONTARIO TOMORROW. SHOWERS AND
STORMS WITH THIS VORT STREAMER WOULD CLIP THE NORTHERN CWA...NORTH
OF I-88.  PRECIP MAY SINK SOUTH ACROSS DUPAGE AND COOK COUNTIES IN
THE AFTN...BUT HAVE LOW CONFIDENCE IN HOW FAR SOUTH THE PRECIP WILL
GET.

CLOUD COVER SHIFTS EAST THROUGH THE AFTERNOON WITH AREAS WEST OF I-
55 BECOMING MOSTLY SUNNY BY MID AFTN. DID NOT MAKE TOO MANY CHANGES
TO HIGH TEMPS TOMORROW AS CLOUD COVER WILL PLAY A ROLE.  HAVE TEMPS
IN THE UPPER 70S TO LOW 80S.  A LAKE BREEZE IS POSSIBLE LATE IN THE
AFTN AND EVENING SO EXPECTING LAKE COOLING ESPECIALLY AT WAUKEGAN.

JEE

&&

.LONG TERM...
229 AM CDT

WEDNESDAY THROUGH MONDAY...

WEDNESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY...
OPEN 500MB WAVE WILL BE LIFTING NORTHEAST ACROSS THE UPPER MIDWEST
INTO ONTARIO AND EVENTUALLY QUEBEC...WITH HEIGHTS SLOWLY INCREASING
WED AFTN. SFC FEATURES REMAIN DISORGANIZED WED...WITH A BOUNDARY
SLOWLY SHIFTING EAST. OPER GUIDANCE DIFFERS ON HOW QUICKLY PRECIP
WILL DEPART THE REGION. ENSEMBLE DATA SUGGESTS HOLDING ONTO CHC TO
SLIGHT CHC POPS MAINLY FOR THE CENTRAL/EASTERN CWFA WED/WED EVE.
ALTHOUGH WITH SOME HINT OF SFC HEIGHTS NUDGING UP...IT IS POSSIBLE
THAT SOME DRY AIR COULD FILTER IN AND KICK PRECIP EAST BY MIDDAY AND
ALLOW FOR A MAINLY DRY WED. SFC WINDS WILL BE TURNING SOUTHWEST TO
WEST...KEEPING AN OFFSHORE FLOW FOR LOCATIONS CLOSE TO LAKE
MICHIGAN. TEMPS SHOULD YET AGAIN TOUCH UPR 70S TO ARND 80 WED...IF
CLOUDS AND PRECIP CAN PUSH EAST BY MIDDAY...SOME CLEARING WOULD
ALLOW SFC TEMPS TO PUSH A COUPLE DEGREES WARMER INTO THE LOW 80S IN
SOME LOCATIONS. LATE IN THE EVENING THE GRADIENT SLACKENS
FURTHER...AND COULD ALLOW A LATE DAY ONSHORE FLOW TO DEVELOP FOR
AREAS ADJACENT TO LAKE MICHIGAN.

MID-LVL FLOW BEGINS TO FLATTEN AS A WEAK SFC RIDGE BECOMES ORIENTED
FROM WESTERN QUEBEC SOUTH THROUGH THE EASTERN OHIO RIVER VALLEY.
THIS WILL GENERALLY ALLOW A SOUTHERLY FLOW...ALTHOUGH THE GRADIENT
IS NOT VERY STRONG. THIS SHOULD SET THE STAGE FOR A LAKE
BREEZE/ONSHORE FLOW TO DEVELOP THUR. TIMING COULD END UP BEING
SLIGHTLY EARLIER GIVEN THE LIGHT SFC GRADIENT. GUIDANCE HAS BEEN
CONSISTENT IN HOLDING PRECIP WEST/SOUTH OF THE FORECAST AREA
THUR...AS A RESULT OF THE WEAK SFC RIDGING. SO ONE MORE MILD DAY
WITH HIGHS WARMING BACK INTO THE UPR 70S/LOW 80S...HOWEVER AS
PREVIOUSLY NOTED...A LAKE BREEZE IS LIKELY TO DEVELOP. THIS WILL
BLEED THE MUCH COOLER MARINE AIR WEST ACROSS NORTHEAST IL AND
DOWNTOWN CHICAGO. IF THE TIMING IS EARLIER IN THE DAY THUR...TEMPS
MAY NOT WARM BEYOND THE LOW/MID 60S ALONG THE CHICAGO LAKEFRONT.

FLOW THEN TURNS SOUTHERLY THUR NIGHT WITH THE MORE PROGRESSIVE FLOW
IN THE MID-LVLS PUSHING THE RIDGING EAST. A RETURN FLOW MOISTURE
WILL CONTINUE TO BE FOCUSED ACROSS THE CENTRAL CONUS THUR EVE...WITH
A SLOW MOVING FRONTAL BOUNDARY NUDGING EAST THUR NIGHT TOWARDS
WESTERN IL. THIS FRONTAL BOUNDARY WILL BECOME ENERGIZED AS A ROBUST
500MB VORT MAX BREAKS SOUTH FROM CENTRAL CANADA LATE THUR NIGHT.

THIS SHOULD ALLOW FOR AN ATMOSPHERIC RIVER TO DEVELOP FROM THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS STRETCHING NORTH THROUGH THE MID-MISSOURI VALLEY
INTO THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES EARLY FRI MORNING.

FRIDAY THROUGH EARLY NEXT WEEK...
ENSEMBLES CONTINUE TO PROG A ROBUST TROUGH SLIDING SOUTH FROM
CENTRAL CANADA FRI. THIS COUPLED WITH DOWNSTREAM MID-LVL RIDGING
ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST CONUS WILL STRENGTHEN THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY
THAT WILL BE ORIENTED FROM THE SOUTHERN PLAINS STRETCHING
NORTHEAST THROUGH THE GREAT LAKES REGION INTO WESTERN QUEBEC.

THIS SETUP IS IDEAL FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN ATMOSPHERIC RIVER WITH
ABUNDANT LOW LEVEL MOISTURE AND EFFICIENT PRECIP PRODUCING
CONVECTION.

OPER GUIDANCE HAS BEEN RELATIVELY CONSISTENT WITH BRINGING A SERIES
OF WAVES ALONG THE SLOW MOVING FRONTAL BOUNDARY FRI AFTN/EVE...THEN
THE BOUNDARY SHOULD SLIDE EAST WITH WINDS QUICKLY VEERING
NORTH/NORTHEAST FOR SAT AND USHERING IN MUCH COOLER AIR TO THE
REGION.

CURRENT INDICATIONS ARE THAT HIGHS SAT MAY STRUGGLE TO WARM BEYOND
THE UPR 50S ACROSS NORTHEAST IL/NORTHWEST IN...WITH ONLY LOW 60S
ELSEWHERE. STRONG SFC RIDGE WILL REMAIN NORTH OF THE REGION...SO THE
PRIOR FRONTAL BOUNDARY MAY BECOME QUASI-STATIONARY FOR THE WEEKEND
ALONG THE OHIO VALLEY AND CONTINUE TO FEED PRECIP CHANCES TO THE
SOUTHERN CWFA.

BEACHLER

&&

.AVIATION...

//ORD AND MDW CONCERNS...UPDATED 20Z...

* ISOLATED MVFR THIS AFTERNOON

* RAIN SHOWERS POSSIBLY DROPPING TO MVFR

* SOUTH WINDS VARYING FROM SOUTH-SOUTHWEST THIS EVENING.

* MVFR IN FOG AND LOW CLOUDS WEDNESDAY MORNING.

MM

//DISCUSSION...UPDATED 20Z...

LINE OF SHOWERS HAS DECREASED VSBYS TO 1 MILE UPSTREAM EARLY THIS
AFTERNOON. AS THE LINE PROGRESSES NORTHEASTWARD...COULD SEE SOME
STRONGER POCKETS OF RAIN AND TALLER EMBEDDED CELLS PRODUCE
ISOLATED LIGHTNING. LOW CHANCE/CONFIDENCE OF ANY OF THESE CELLS
HITTING THE TERMINALS...SO KEPT VCTS IN THE TAFS THROUGH 19Z.

LOOKING TOWARD WEDNESDAY MORNING...LOW LEVEL MOISTURE AND A WEAK
INVERSION WILL ALLOW A CHANCE FOR MVFR FOG AND CIGS TO WORK INTO
THE TERMINALS. THE AFTERNOON WILL FEATURE A SCATTERED TO POSSIBLY
BROKEN DECK AT 025. INTO THE EVENING...EXPECT OVERCAST CONDITIONS
WITH LIGHT RAIN POSSIBLE. THERE IS A CHANCE FOR THE LAKE BREEZE TO
WORK INTO ORD NEAR OR JUST AFTER 00Z WEDNESDAY EVENING.

MM

//ORD AND MDW CONFIDENCE...UPDATED 18Z...

* MEDIUM CONFIDENCE IN TEMPO MVFR THIS AFTERNOON.

* HIGH CONFIDENCE IN RAIN TIMING THIS AFTERNOON. LOW CONFIDENCE ON
  THUNDER CHANCES.

* MEDIUM TO HIGH CONFIDENCE IN WIND DIRECTION WITH HIGH CONFIDENCE
  IN WIND SPEED.

* LOW-MEDIUM CONFIDENCE IN FOG AND MVFR CONDITIONS WEDNESDAY
  MORNING.

MM

//OUTLOOK FOR ORD/MDW FOR 00Z THURSDAY-12Z TUESDAY...UPDATED 12Z...

WEDNESDAY NIGHT...WX NIL/VFR. SOUTHEAST WINDS.

THURSDAY...SLIGHT CHANCE OF TSRA AT NIGHT. SOUTHEAST WINDS.

FRIDAY...TSRA/SHRA LIKELY THROUGH THE DAY AND NIGHT. MVFR
POSSIBLE. SOUTHWEST WINDS.

SATURDAY...SHRA LIKELY WITH A CHANCE OF TSRA DURING THE DAY.
NORTHEAST WINDS.

SUNDAY...CHANCE OF SHRA. EAST WINDS. MVFR POSSIBLE.

MONDAY...CHANCE OF SHRA. SOUTHEAST WINDS. MVFR POSSIBLE.

KREIN

&&

.MARINE...
229 AM CDT

WARM MOIST AIR CONTINUES TO FEED NORTH ACROSS THE LAKE
TODAY...WHICH MAY HELP TO FURTHER ENHANCE ANY AREAS OF FOG THAT
HAVE ALREADY DEVELOPED. IT IS POSSIBLE PATCHY DENSE FOG MAY
DEVELOP...ALTHOUGH WINDS MAY BE JUST STRONG ENOUGH TO LIMIT THE
COVERAGE AND INTENSITY OF THE FOG. A SURFACE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM
WILL BE LIFTING NORTH ACROSS EASTERN IOWA INTO CENTRAL WISCONSIN
THIS EVENING. THE GRADIENT WILL TIGHTEN ACROSS THE
CENTRAL/SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF THE LAKE...WHICH WITH WARMER
NEARSHORE WATERS EXPECT SOME SLIGHTLY BETTER MIXING TO OCCUR.
FURTHER OUT ACROSS THE OPEN WATERS THE WATER REMAINS COLD AND
EXPECT THE STABILITY TO MAKE IT DIFFICULT TO MIX TO THE SFC THE
HIGHER GUSTS. HIGH PRESSURE THEN ARRIVES LATE WEDNESDAY WITH LIGHT
WINDS DEVELOPING. THEN HIGH PRESSURE SHIFTS EAST THURSDAY
NIGHT...WITH SOUTHERLY WINDS DEVELOPING AGAIN FRIDAY. A FRONTAL
BOUNDARY WILL APPROACH LAKE MICHIGAN LATE FRIDAY NIGHT THEN
STEADILY SLIDE SOUTH ALONG THE LAKE. THIS WILL ALLOW WINDS TO
QUICKLY VEER FROM SOUTH TO NORTH/NORTHEAST SATURDAY. ALONG WITH
THIS QUICK WIND SHIFT WILL BE COOLER AIR SLIDING SOUTH OVER THE
LAKE. WAVES SHOULD EASILY BUILD SATURDAY FOR THE CENTRAL/SOUTHERN
PORTIONS OF THE LAKE.

BEACHLER

&&

.LOT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
IL...NONE.
IN...NONE.
LM...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY...NEARSHORE WATERS
     UNTIL 10 PM TUESDAY.

&&

$$

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