Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Twin Cities, MN

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FXUS63 KMPX 200919

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Twin Cities/Chanhassen MN
419 AM CDT TUE SEP 20 2016

.SHORT TERM...(Today and tonight)
Issued at 400 AM CDT Tue Sep 20 2016

An area of showers with a few embedded thunderstorms is spreading
eastward across the Dakotas this morning. This activity correlates
well with the 700-600mb 2-D frontogenesis off of the RAP13 solution,
which is forecast to expand across central and northern Minnesota
throughout the morning hours. Have included 30-40 percent precip
chances from west into central Minnesota. A fair amount of mid level
clouds will be present again today, but we should still see a mild
day with highs in the lower 70s to lower 80s.

Tonight marks the beginning of a very wet period for the forecast
area. A warm front lifts into southern Minnesota tonight as moisture
returns on a 25-35 knot low level jet. There is a small threat for
large hail given decently steep lapse rates, but the primary focus
will be on the potential for heavy rainfall and flooding given the
possibility of training storms and the precipitable water increase
to around 1.75 inches over the southern third of Minnesota into west
central Wisconsin.

.LONG TERM...(Wednesday through Monday)
Issued at  400 AM CDT Tue Sep 20 2016

Heavy rainfall and possible flooding remain the primary weather
threats Wednesday through Thursday. Wednesday and Wednesday night
still look to be the higher risk periods with that continued
Moderate Risk of excessive rainfall. Coverage area also looks to be
in the vicinity of the warm front/stationary frontal boundary across
southern MN into WI.

By 12Z Wednesday morning, the surface low will be across central
Nebraska with the warm frontal boundary extending northeast through
the Sioux Falls area and east from there through the southern third
of Minnesota and into western Wisconsin.  The LLJ still doesn`t look
impressive, but is strong enough to get thunderstorms along the
front.  PWATs starting out around 1.6 inches will increase to near
1.9 inches as the tropical moisture from Paine races northeast into
the Upper Midwest.  Thunderstorms could train along the front and
lead to flash-flooding, but there is still uncertainty in exactly
where the front becomes stationary.  The hi-res ARW and NMM, as well
as the NAM-NEST indicated a farther north progression of the front
during the day on Wednesday with thunderstorm activity from central
MN through northwest WI.  Not buying into that quite yet, but the
point is, the exact placement of this front is not yet known for
Wednesday night. So, continue to hold off on issuing any sort of
Watch product until confidence is higher in amounts and location. At
this time, we still expect that front across far southern MN into
western WI.  This agrees with the WPC Moderate risk of excessive

Meanwhile a highly amplified trough/deep upper level low will be
slowly advancing east across the western CONUS. Late Thursday
through much of Friday looks to be our best chance of a lull in
widespread precipitation, but still carrying low POPs as scattered
shower and thunderstorm development will remain possible. The
approaching system will bring two opportunities of more rain. Late
Friday through early Saturday will see the warm front with this
system bring chances for showers and thunderstorms, with more
widespread thunderstorms likely Saturday night through much of
Sunday. There are timing differences with the GFS being more
progressive than the EC in kicking that system out and drying
things out early next week.


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Tuesday night)
Issued at 1102 PM CDT Mon Sep 19 2016

Not much change from previous forecast, with reasoning still
looking similar. We`ll see some lower clouds work into the area
toward the tail end of the period, with precipitation still mainly
looking to occur after 06Z. However, there is a slight chance that
KAXN and KSTC could see some light precipitation from VFR ceilings
this morning as we see initial mid-level warm advection start to
work into the area. But, with nothing upstream at this point, and
ceilings and visibility looking like they`d stay VFR even if it
does precipitate, did not include any mention at this point.

KMSP...Main uncertainties are will the timing of precipitation
toward the end of the forecast. Did include a TEMPO group with
this issuance, since it appears somewhat likely that we`ll have
things nearby after 06Z, although some of the guidance is keeping
things south of the area through the full forecast period. Where
things wind up will obviously impact ceilings and visibilities,
and it unfortunately could be during the 09-12Z time frame when
arrivals/departures increase.

Wednesday...MVFR expected, IFR possible with showers and
thunderstorms. East wind 10 to 20 kt.
Wednesday night...MVFR expected, IFR possible with showers and
thunderstorms. Southeast wind 10 to 15 kt.
Thursday...MVFR expected with a chance of showers and
thunderstorms. Southeast wind 10 to 20 kt.
Thursday night and Friday...MVFR possible. East wind less than 10
kt increasing to 10 to 15 kt Friday.


.MPX Watches/Warnings/Advisories...


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