Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Des Moines, IA

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FXUS63 KDMX 262035
AFDDMX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DES MOINES IA
335 PM CDT TUE MAY 26 2015

.SHORT TERM /TONIGHT/...
ISSUED AT 324 PM CDT TUE MAY 26 2015

SHORTWAVE TROF PRESENTLY LOCATED OVER THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI AND MID-
MISSOURI RIVER BASINS HAS BEEN SLOW TO DEPART TODAY. SURFACE LOW
REFLECTION PRESENTLY OVER FAR SW WISCONSIN HAS BEEN EQUALLY SLOW TO
DEPART. ELONGATED VORT ROTATING AROUND THE BASE OF THE SHORTWAVE
TROF IS REFLECTED AT THE SURFACE AS A SURFACE LOW IN SW IA...ALONG
WITH AN ATTENDANT TROF.

THE BOUNDARY LAYER HAS DESTABILIZED ENOUGH IN WEST CENTRAL...
SOUTHWEST AND SOUTH CENTRAL IOWA TODAY FOR CONVECTION TO DEVELOP
THIS AFTN. WILL HAVE TO WATCH CONVECTION THERE FOR LANDSPOUT
ACTIVITY AT LEAST UNTIL SUNSET...AS COMBINATION OF LOW-LEVEL
CAPE...SURFACE VORTICITY AND LOW LCLS ARE MAXIMIZED THERE. A FEW OF
THE UPDRAFTS THERE THIS AFTERNOON HAVE BEEN RATHER POTENT AS
WELL...SO WILL ALSO HAVE TO MONITOR FOR POTENTIAL HAIL AND
LOCALIZED DAMAGING WIND THREAT.

ANY CONVECTION THAT DOES DEVELOP...EVEN NON-STORMS...WILL BE CAPABLE
OF PRODUCING BRIEF HEAVY RAINFALL. THE SHORTWAVE TROF HAS ENTRAINED
MOISTURE-RICH AIR...SOME OF WHICH HAS ROTATED DOWN INTO IOWA. FLASH
FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED HOWEVER.

AFTER SUNSET...PRECIP CHANCES WILL GRADUALLY DIMINISH FROM SW TO NE
ACROSS THE CWA...AS THE UPPER-LEVEL SHORTWAVE TROF CONTINUES PULLING
AWAY...AND NVA ALONG WITH ASSOCIATED DOWNWARD MOTION SETS IN.

LOWS ARE EXPECTED TO DROP FURTHER TONIGHT THAN LAST NIGHT...AS
COOLER AIR IS PULLED IN ON THE BACK SIDE OF THE DEPARTING SYSTEM.
MADE ONLY MINOR TWEAKS TO GOING FORECAST MINS.

.LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
ISSUED AT 324 PM CDT TUE MAY 26 2015

HIGH PRESSURE AT THE SURFACE WILL BE PUSHING EAST THROUGH THE DAY
ON WEDNESDAY WHILE AN UPPER LEVEL RIDGE MOVES ACROSS THE REGION.
THE RESULT WILL BE A WARM AND DRY DAY...HOWEVER IT WILL BE
RELATIVELY SHORT LIVED.

BY WEDNESDAY EVENING WE WILL BE BACK INTO AN INCREASING WARM AIR
ADVECTION REGIME WITH A SHORT WAVE EXPECTED TO LIFT ACROSS IOWA
DURING THE DAY ON THURSDAY.  WITH STEEPENING LAPSE RATES AND
SUFFICIENT INSTABILITY THUNDERSTORMS WILL BE BACK IN THE FORECAST
FOR THURSDAY ALTHOUGH SHEAR IS SOMEWHAT IN QUESTION. WHILE LOW LEVEL
SHEAR LOOKS SUFFICIENT FOR A FEW STRONGER UPDRAFTS...THE SHEAR ALOFT
IS UNIDIRECTIONAL AND ONLY AROUND 20-25KTS.

FRIDAY LOOKS TO BE THE MOST ACTIVE DAY IN THE EXTENDED AS A
SURFACE LOW LIFTS TO THE NORTHEAST AND A COLD FRONT MOVES ACROSS
THE FORECAST AREA. QG FORCING IS FAIRLY IMPRESSIVE ACROSS IOWA
THURSDAY NIGHT AND FRIDAY AS WELL. SHEAR IS A LITTLE BETTER AS
WELL SO STRONG STORMS ARE MOST PROBABLE FROM LATE THURSDAY NIGHT
THROUGH FRIDAY.

PRECIP OVER THE WEEKEND WILL DEPEND ON WHERE THE FRONT SETS UP AS IT
IS EXPECTED TO STALL. LATEST MODELS SHOW THE FRONT HANGING UP
IN MISSOURI THEN EXTENDING NORTHEAST ACROSS FAR EASTERN IOWA BUT
ESPECIALLY ILLINOIS AND WISCONSIN.  THE BIGGER STORY WILL BE A
LARGE HIGH PRESSURE BUILDING INTO THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND UPPER
MIDWEST. THIS WILL LIKELY BRING SOME WELL BELOW NORMAL HIGHS TO
THE REGION FOR THE WEEKEND. IT IS QUITE LIKELY WE WILL BE SEEING
HIGHS IN THE 60S TO AROUND 70 ON SATURDAY WITH VERY COOL OVERNIGHT
LOWS. AS COOLER AND DRIER AIR WORKS INTO THE STATE IT ALSO WILL
MAKE IT HARDER FOR STORMS TO DEVELOP...DESPITE FRONTAL LOCATION.

THE COOLER AND DRIER WEATHER WILL PERSIST INTO NEXT WEEK ALTHOUGH
HIGHS WILL MODERATE CLOSER TO SEASONAL READINGS BY MONDAY.

&&

.AVIATION...26/18Z
ISSUED AT 1229 PM CDT TUE MAY 26 2015

MVFR TO LOCAL IFR CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED THROUGH THIS AFTERNOON AS
AN UPPER-LEVEL STORM SYSTEM IS SLOW TO DEPART THE REGION. SLOW
IMPROVEMENT EXPECTED OVERALL INTO THIS EVENING AS THE SYSTEM LIFTS
TOWARD THE NORTHEAST. WINDS WILL BE PRIMARILY FROM THE SW-W-NW
DIRECTION INTO THIS EVENING. FOG IS POSSIBLE OVERNIGHT...ESPECIALLY
AT THE KDSM AND KOTM TERMINALS. VSBYS IN THE FOG ARE EXPECTED TO BE
MVFR AT WORST.

&&

.DMX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...ZOGG
LONG TERM...FAB
AVIATION...ZOGG


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