Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Sioux Falls, SD

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412
FXUS63 KFSD 280445
AFDFSD

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Sioux Falls SD
1145 PM CDT Tue Jun 27 2017

.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Wednesday)
Issued at 357 PM CDT Tue Jun 27 2017

Focus through tonight remains on convective timing/location and
associated severe threat. Gusty southerly winds across the region
are beginning to draw boundary layer moisture northward into the
area, though surface dew points in the mid-upper 40s still quite
prevalent in our forecast area as of 19Z. Exception extends from
south central South Dakota eastward along the Missouri River, where
dew points in the mid-upper 50s are more common.

Advection of this moisture is expected to continue into the evening,
as the southerly winds continue beneath an increasing low level jet.
Otherwise the forecast soundings depict plenty of dry air above
850mb in advance of the storms, leading to the enhanced wind threat
as indicated by SPC into our far southern zones. Still concerned
that fairly deep stable layer beneath 850mb will limit strongest
winds from reaching the surface, but with 50+ kts of wind flow
within 1000-1500ft AGL, and 0-3km bulk shear vectors oriented nearly
perpendicular to expected north-south line, accelerating storms
should be able to tap this and bring potential for severe gusts to
the surface as the storms progress eastward.

As far as timing, CAMs have been fairly consistent showing initial
discrete storm development over the Nebraska panhandle/far southwest
South Dakota mid-late afternoon. This activity gradually congeals
into a line from south central South Dakota into central Nebraska
through the early evening, with more isolated activity developing
northward into central South Dakota as the mid-upper level wave
translates eastward into the area. Leading edge of the line has been
projected to reach our far southwest corner by 01Z-02Z, developing
eastward into the I-29 corridor by 04Z-05Z, then continuing into
southwest Minnesota/northwest Iowa during the overnight hours. Most
favorable parameters for damaging wind threat wane or move southeast
of our forecast area by 08Z-09Z, though lagging showers and storms
will continue across eastern parts of the area through the early
morning hours Wednesday.

.LONG TERM...(Wednesday night through Tuesday)
Issued at 357 PM CDT Tue Jun 27 2017

Relatively slow evolving pattern through the extended with large
trough intensifying over Alberta on Wednesday and then gradually
shifting east into the Great Lakes region over the weekend. Weak
surface ridge moves through the area on Wednesday night leading to
good radiational cooling and overnight lows a few degrees below
normal.

On Thursday, a shortwave train is expected to move across the area
leading to showers and storms.  While the main surface warm front
looks to be located close to I-80, much of the instability appears
to be focused further to the south.  With abundant cloud cover and
rain, have lowered forecast highs toward the cooler end of guidance.

Looks like a relatively cool weekend on the backside of the upper
trough across the Great Lakes region with northwest flow prevailing
over the Northern Plains.  A series of short waves are expected to
move from the Pacific Northwest on Saturday into the Central Plains
on Sunday night.  Low level moisture and instability looks fairly
limited, so for now just have general thunderstorm mention on Sunday
night.

Near seasonal temperatures with a warming trend is expected the
first half of next week as a weak upper level ridge builds into the
region.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Wednesday night)
Issued at 1144 PM CDT Tue Jun 27 2017

Scattered showers and thunderstorms, a few with hail, will
continue across parts of southeast SD, northeast Nebraska,
southwest MN and northwest IA through about 8z. Low end VFR
ceilings will be likely with the thunderstorms. Outside of the
thunderstorms VFR conditiosn are expected.

&&

.FSD WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
SD...None.
MN...None.
IA...None.
NE...None.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...JH
LONG TERM...BT
AVIATION...08



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