Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Greer, SC

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000
FXUS62 KGSP 290232
AFDGSP

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GREENVILLE-SPARTANBURG SC
932 PM EST WED JAN 28 2015

.SYNOPSIS...
DRY HIGH PRESSURE WILL REMAIN IN PLACE TONIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY. A
COLD FRONT WILL CROSS THE FORECAST AREA THURSDAY NIGHT WITH ANOTHER
HIGH PRESSURE SYSTEM BUILDING IN FRIDAY THROUGH SATURDAY. A MOIST
LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM IS EXPECTED TO AFFECT THE REGION ON SUNDAY INTO
MONDAY.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH THURSDAY/...
AS OF 930 PM...EARLY THIS EVENING...THE FCST STILL LOOKS ON TRACK.
AS USUAL WITH GOOD RADIATIONAL COOLING NIGHTS...TEMPS HAVE FALLEN
OFF FASTER THAN THE HOURLY GRID TRENDS...SO THOSE WERE UPDATED. AN
AREA OF GENERALLY THIN CIRRUS WAS SEEN ENTERING THE OH/TN
VALLEYS...ASSOCIATED WITH AN APPROACHING UPPER SHORTWAVE. THESE
CLOUDS WILL STREAM ACRS THE AREA AROUND DAYBREAK. SO NOT EXPECTING
MUCH IMPACT ON MIN TEMPS. SKY GRIDS WERE ADJUSTED TO KEEP SKIES
CLEAR THRU THE REST OF THE EVENING PER SAT TRENDS.

AS OF 630 PM...NO CHANGES NEEDED TO THE PUBLIC FCST WITH THIS
UPDATE. THE ONLY ADJUSTMENT MADE WERE TO THE AVIATION GRIDS FOR THE
00Z TAF CYCLE.

AS OF 430 PM...FCST IS ON TRACK. SUNNY SKIES AND LIGHT WINDS WITH
SEASONABLY COOL TEMPS HEADING INTO THE EVENING. TEMPS AND DEWPTS
WERE ADJUSTED WITH THE LATEST OBS...BLENDING INTO THE EVENING HOURS.

AS OF 230 PM EST WEDNESDAY...RISING HEIGHTS ALOFT AND BUILDING HIGH
PRESSURE AT THE SURFACE CONTINUE TO YIELD A FAIRLY NICE...YET COOL
DAY ACROSS NORTHEAST GA AND THE WESTERN CAROLINAS.  LIGHT AND
NORTHERLY SURFACE WINDS WILL CONTINUE TO SLOWLY VEER SOUTHERLY AS
ABOVE MENTIONED SFC RIDGE SLIDES OVERHEAD EVENTUALLY TAKING UP ROOT
JUST OFF THE CAROLINA COAST OVERNIGHT.  COLD/DRY ADVECTION OVER THE
LAST 12-24 HOURS COMBINED WITH LOW LEVEL MIXING THIS AFTERNOON HAS
ALLOWED DEWPOINTS TO FALL INTO THE LOW TEENS TO SINGLE DIGITS AT
SOME LOCATIONS.  WARMING TEMPERATURES AMONGST ABUNDANT INCOMING
SOLAR RADIATION HAVE LED TO RH LEVELS FALLING INTO THE LOW 20S TO
UPPER TEENS ACROSS MUCH OF THE NC/SC PIEDMONT REGIONS AND ALSO
PORTIONS OF NORTHEAST GA.  ALTHOUGH THESE ARE CRITICAL RH LEVELS AS
IT PERTAINS TO FIRE WX CONCERNS...AS MENTIONED ABOVE WINDS ACROSS
THE REGION REMAIN LIGHT WITH SOME SITES EVEN REPORTING CALM WINDS.
THUS...CAUTION IS URGED IF PLANNING TO BURN TODAY...HOWEVER NO FIRE
WX PRODUCTS ARE PLANNED AT THIS TIME.

MEANWHILE FURTHER WEST...AN SERIES OF UPPER SHORT WAVE IMPULSES ARE
SLIDING THROUGH THE CENTRAL/NORTHERN PLAINS WITH THE FIRST OF WHICH
YIELDING WEAK SFC CYCLOGENESIS.  A COLD FRONT ASSOCIATED WITH THIS
FEATURE WILL APPROACH THE SOUTHERN/CENTRAL APPALACHIANS THROUGH THE
DAY ON THURSDAY WITH PREFRONTAL PRECIP SPREADING INTO THE WESTERN NC
MOUNTAINS AROUND NOON.  AT THAT TIME...TEMPERATURES WILL HAVE
RECOVERED ENOUGH SUCH THAT ANY PTYPE CONCERNS ARE NOT EXPECTED.  AS
THE FRONT SLIDES THROUGH THE HIGH TERRAIN LATE IN THE DAY TOWARDS
EVENING...SNOW LEVELS WILL FALL ACROSS THE HIGH TERRAIN WITH A BRIEF
PERIOD OF RAIN/SNOW MIX POSSIBLE ACROSS THE NORTHERN MOUNTAINS
BEFORE PERIODS END.  THUS THE FCST FEATURES INCREASING CHANCE LEVEL
POPS THROUGH MIDDAY ACROSS MUCH OF THE WESTERN NC HIGH TERRAIN WITH
A DRY FCST PREVAILING OVER THE PIEDMONT REGIONS.  TEMPERATURES ON
THURSDAY WILL APPROACH NORMAL LEVELS AS SOUTHERLY FLOW PREVAILS
AMIDST MOSTLY SUNNY...ALTHOUGH INCREASINGLY CLOUDY SKIES.

&&

.SHORT TERM /THURSDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY/...
AS OF 230 PM WEDNESDAY...THE MAIN FOCUS FOR THE SHORT RANGE WILL BE
THE PASSAGE OF A SHORT WAVE AND COLD FRONT THURSDAY NIGHT. PRECIP
CHANCES WILL ALREADY EXIST OVER THE MTNS AT 00Z FRIDAY AND SEE
LITTLE REASON IN THE NEW GUIDANCE TO CHANGE THAT. FORCING AND THE
DEEPEST MOISTURE STILL MAXIMIZE AROUND 06Z FRIDAY...SO A LIKELY POP
LOOKS GOOD ON THE TN BORDER. THE FORCING AND MOISTURE SLOWLY WANE
FROM THAT POINT ONWARD. WILL GRADUALLY TAPER OFF THE POP THRU
FRIDAY...AND WILL END IT BY THE END OF THE DAYTIME. THERE IS SOME
QUESTION ABOUT THE DEGREE OF COLD AIR AS THE FRONT IS MOVING ACROSS
THE MTNS. SOME OF THE INITIAL PRECIP COULD BE MORE IN THE FORM OF
RAIN...ALTHO THE FCST FAVORS A LARGER COVERAGE OF SNOW THAN MIGHT BE
SUPPORTED DIRECTLY FROM THE MODEL DATA. THIS WILL BE A LIMITING
FACTOR IN KEEPING SNOW AMOUNTS ON THE TN BORDER WELL WITHIN THE
ADVISORY RANGE. THIS WILL BE INCLUDED IN THE HWO AS A POSSIBILITY OF
LIGHT SNOW.  THE MAIN ACCUM POTENTIAL WILL BE THE SECOND HALF OF THE
THIRD FCST PERIOD...THUS IT IS STILL TOO FAR IN THE FUTURE TO ISSUE
AND ADVISORY. THE MODEL GUIDANCE ALSO CONTINUES TO SUPPORT STRONG
WINDS ACROSS THE RIDGETOPS BEHIND THE FRONT LATE THURSDAY NIGHT AND
FRIDAY MORNING...ALTHO THE TREND IS FOR SLIGHTLY LESS WIND AT THE
TOP OF THE MIXED LAYER. THE TREND SUGGESTS MORE OF AN ADVISORY-LEVEL
EVENT APART FROM ELEVATIONS ABOVE 5K FEET...AND THE HWO WILL BE
WORDED ACCORDINGLY.

THE REST OF THE FCST WILL BE RELATIVELY BENIGN. WE SHOULD SEE THE
UPPER FLOW FLATTEN AND BECOME MORE ZONAL THRU FRIDAY NIGHT AND
SATURDAY...WHICH WILL SUPPORT SURFACE HIGH PRESSURE MOVING ACROSS
THE MTNS AND MID-ATLC/CAROLINAS. THAT SHOULD KEEP TEMPS ABOUT A
CATEGORY OR SO BELOW NORMAL...WITH CLEAR SKY.

&&

.LONG TERM /SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
AS OF 250 PM...UNCERTAINTY REIGNS DURING THE MEDIUM RANGE PERIOD
WITH LITTLE RUN TO RUN MODEL CONSISTENCY. THAT SAID...THEY DO AGREE
ON AN UNSETTLED PERIOD WITH 2 WX SYSTEMS AFFECTING THE AREA...ONE
EARLY IN THE PERIOD AND ONE LATE. ALOFT...THE ECMWF AND THE GFS SHOW
A NORTHERN STREAM SHORT WAVE CROSSING THE AREA DURING THE SUN NITE-
MONDAY TIME FRAME AS A CLOSED LOW MOVES SOUTH IN THE BAJA CALIFORNIA
AREA. AT THE SFC HOWEVER...THE ECMWF MOVES A DRY COLD FRONT INTO THE
AREA SUNDAY...WITH A LOW PRESSURE FORMING TO OUR WEST AND MOVING
ACROSS THE AREA SUN NITE. THIS SYSTEM THEN MOVES EAST OF THE DURING
THE DAY MONDAY. THE GFS ALSO BRINGS A COLD FRONT IN BUT IT IS SLOWER
WITH THE FRONT COMING IN SUN NITE AND THE MAIN LOW PRESSURE CENTER
REMAINING TO OUR NORTH. THE GFS ALSO DEVELOPS A PRE-FRONTAL TROF
ACROSS THE AREA SUNDAY...DEVELOPING PRECIP EARLIER THAN THE ECMWF.
THE GFS IS ALSO WARMER INDICATING A MAINLY LIQUID PRECIP EVENT UNTIL
NW FLOW SNOW DEVELOPS SUN NITE AND MON AS THE MAIN AREA OF PRECIP
MOVES EAST. THE ECMWF IS COLDER SHOWING SNOW AS FAR SOUTH AS THE I-
85 CORRIDOR. THE GFS ENSEMBLE MEAN IS NOT ESPECIALLY COLD...KEEPING
THE COLDEST TEMPS ACROSS THE MTNS UNTIL AFTER THE PRECIP EXITS.
GIVEN ALL THE UNCERTAINTY...HAVE USED A MDL BLEND WHICH BRINGS THE
BEST PRECIP CHC ACROSS THE AREA SUN AND SUN NITE...THEN TAPERING OFF
TO A NW FLOW SNOW FOR MON AFTERNOON. USED A CONSERVATIVE RAIN/SNOW
TEMP FOR THE WEATHER WHICH KEEPS SNOW LIMITED MAINLY TO THE MTNS...
WITH SOME SNOW ACROSS THE I-40 CORRIDOR AT ONSET. SHOULD THE ECMWF
PROVE RIGHT...THEN SNOW WOULD FALL MUCH FARTHER SOUTH.

GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT THAT DRY AND COLD WX EXPECTED MON NITE AND
TUESDAY AS VERY COLD HIGH PRESSURE MOVES IN. IN FACT...THE GFS
ENSEMBLE MEAN H85 TEMP IS AS COLD AS 2 STANDARD DEVIATIONS BELOW
NORMAL AT ITS COLDEST TUE MORN.

THE GUIDANCE THEN DIFFERS AGAIN ON THE HANDLING OF THE AFORE
MENTIONED CLOSED LOW OVER BAJA CALIFORNIA. THEY BOTH OPEN THE LOW
AND MOVE IT EAST INTO THE SERN CONUS. HOWEVER...THE ECMWF IS FASTER
AND FARTHER SOUTH THAN THE GFS. AT THE SFC...BOTH MODELS AGREE ON A
MILLER-A TYPE SCENARIO. HOWEVER...THE ECMWF KEEPS THE LOW CLOSER TO
THE GULF COAST AND FASTER WHILE THE GFS IS FARTHER NORTH AND SLOWER.
DESPITE THE COLD HIGH PRESSURE MOVING IN AHEAD OF THIS SYSTEM...IT
IS NOT A CLASSICAL TYPE CAD. THE PARENT HIGH IS OVER THE MID-
ATLANTIC AND TRANSIENT. STILL...IF PRECIP WERE TO START EARLY
ENUF...THEN A WINTRY MIX WOULD DEVELOP EVEN ACROSS THE SRN CWFA
BEFORE WARMING TO ALL RAIN FOR THE AFTERNOON...EXCEPT ACROSS THE NC
MTNS. GIVEN THE UNCERTAINTY...HAVE LIMITED POP TO CHC...AND USED A
CONSERVATIVE RAIN/SNOW TEMP FOR WEATHER.

&&

.AVIATION /03Z THURSDAY THROUGH MONDAY/...
AT KCLT AND ELSEWHERE...QUIET AVIATION WEATHER ON TAP FOR THE
NEXT 24 HOURS. VFR CONDITIONS WILL PREVAIL AT ALL TAF SITES...WITH
CALM OR LGT S/SE WINDS OVERNIGHT. WINDS PICK UP A TAD OUT OF THE
SW...WITH A FEW LOW-END GUSTS IN THE TEENS POSSIBLE DURING THE AFTN.
SKIES WILL BE CLEAR OR FEW250 OVERNIGHT...THEN INCREASE IN COVERAGE
AND THICKEN/LOWER TO A MID CLOUD DECK THRU THURSDAY AFTN...AS A
CLIPPER SYSTEM APPROACHES FROM THE NW. THE DRY HIGH PRES BUILDING IN
SHUD BE TOO DRY FOR FOG.

OUTLOOK...A PAIR OF CLIPPER SYSTEMS WILL BRING CHANCES FOR RAIN OR
SNOW SHOWERS TO THE NC MTNS THU EVENING AND FRI. MOST OF THESE
SHOWERS WILL REMAIN WEST AND NORTH OF KAVL...BUT BRIEF PERIODS OF
RESTRICTIONS CANNOT BE RULED OUT. OTHERWISE...MAINLY VFR CONDITIONS
ARE EXPECTED ACROSS THE AREA UNTIL MOISTURE BEGINS TO RETURN SUNDAY.

CONFIDENCE TABLE...

            02-08Z        08-14Z        14-20Z        20-00Z
KCLT       HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%
KGSP       HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%
KAVL       HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%
KHKY       HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%
KGMU       HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%
KAND       HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%     HIGH 100%

THE PERCENTAGE REFLECTS THE NUMBER OF GUIDANCE MEMBERS AGREEING
WITH THE SCHEDULED TAF ISSUANCE FLIGHT RULE CATEGORY. COMPLETE HOURLY
EXPERIMENTAL AVIATION FORECAST CONSISTENCY TABLES AND ENSEMBLE FORECASTS
ARE AVAILABLE AT THE FOLLOWING LINK: (MUST BE LOWER CASE)

WWW.WEATHER.GOV/GSP/AVIATION_TABLES

&&

.GSP WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
GA...NONE.
NC...NONE.
SC...NONE.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...JOH
NEAR TERM...ARK/CDG
SHORT TERM...PM
LONG TERM...RWH
AVIATION...ARK


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