Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Greer, SC

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000
FXUS62 KGSP 231136
AFDGSP

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Greenville-Spartanburg SC
636 AM EST Fri Feb 23 2018

.SYNOPSIS...
Warm and moist conditions will continue into the weekend until a
cold front crosses east on Sunday. Showers will linger Sunday into
Monday before dry high pressure builds back in on Tuesday.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
630 AM Update...Made some localized tweaks to hr/ly temps and td/s.
Otherwise...fcst is in good shape. Looks like high-min records will
be realized at KCLT and KGSP this morning in fairly steady state
conds.

400 AM Update...Low-level clouds and areas of lower vsby are
expanding across the area...mainly over NE GA...the Upstate and the
ern Piedmont. Isol areas of dense fg has formed over the Lincolnton
area and the SW  NC mtn valleys. These areas will be monitored for a
possible SPS thru the next update. Temps are still dropping lower
than the fcst curve and this trend has been adj in the grids.

The latest GOES-16 fog product shows pockets of stcu and fog
developing across the SW NC mtns and the nrn Upstate. Expect
saturated moisture to expand across most of the FA overnight and
develop low stratus and/or fog by daybreak. Meanwhile...temps will
cool efficiently in good rad cooling altho td/s remain relatively
high...so lows shud remain in the 50s most locales.

Another persistence type fcst is in the works over the near term. A
strong ST high will dominate the pattern over the SE CONUS thru the
period. Soundings show a well developed subs inversion holding
GOM/Atl moisture limited generally within the sfc-h85 layer. With
daytime heating...the stcu/st will begin to lift and dissipate thru
noon and the early afternoon. With sw/ly llvl flow and large scale
subs warming...max temps shud have no problem reaching record levels
or about 20 degrees F abv normal. Low-level instability will
increase thru the afternoon...yet the atmos will remain capped and
shunt any deep convec threat. The main forcing once again will be
mech lift over the NC mtns where shallow -shra will develop during
the afternoon. Precip amnts will be low-end and showers will
dissipate with loss of daytime heating.

During the overnight period...expect low-level clouds and areas of
fg to develop over most of the FA with high levels of moisture
remaining underneath the strong ulvl high. Mins will be close to
record `high-min` values...however if clear skies begin the
period...temps will likely drop below record `high-min` levels.

&&

.SHORT TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH MONDAY/...
As of 330 AM EST Friday: The balance of the weekend continues to
look Spring-like and unsettled as the upper pattern featuring
a large upper ridge over the FL peninsula/nrn Bahamas remains
in place. A persistent moist S/SW flow awaits better mid/upper
forcing to act upon deep moisture to increase precip chances. That
is expected to happen gradually from the west Saturday afternoon and
night, thus precip chances slowly ramp up from the west. The model
guidance is in general agreement with bringing the frontal zone into
the region on Sunday, so a likely probability is warranted given the
upper divergence and short wave passage. The main concern for the
fcst period is the possibility of severe storms, mainly on Sunday
as the front moves in. The models have just enough instability
ahead of the front...CAPE on the order of 300-500 J/kg...and shear
on the order of 30-40 kt...to give some pause. Not exactly the
ideal setup for QLCS action as the front lays down, maybe more a
case of multicells with some supercell-like structures if we can
eke out CAPE above 500 J/kg with peak heating. Not too surprised
to see the new Day3 Outlook with the marginal creeping close
to the fcst area, and this will have to be monitored as Sunday
approaches. From late Sunday onward, though, the model guidance
diverges sharply with the op GFS taking the front well to our
east by Monday morning. Meanwhile, the NAM and ECMWF suggest the
front will make much less eastward progress against the stubborn
upper anticyclone strung out to the southeast. The new ECMWF also
develops a wave on the old front, which moves across the region
on Monday afternoon. At this point, it seems prudent to hold onto
at least a chance of precip through the day on Monday given the
low amplitude of the short wave moving over the OH Valley region,
with the expectation the old front will be in closer proximity per
the European model solution. This scenario means that temps will
be a bit warmer Sunday night and Monday as well, so the fcst was
trended in that direction.

&&

.LONG TERM /MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY/...
As of 1210 AM EST Friday: Confidence is increasing that deep layer
moisture coincident with elongated sfc bndry will be oriented atop
the region Sunday night into Monday morning, promoting numerous,
if not widespread showers. The latest medium range model consensus
translates forcing downstream of the cwfa Monday afternoon, followed
by a developing low amplitude ridge aloft and building sfc hipres
Monday night. Maximum Monday temps remain slated to be much less
mild than than our current warm wave, but still are expected to
be about 2 categories above climo.  Tuesday continues to look dry
with maxes similar to Monday`s readings. The ridging providing
Tuesday dry wx will quickly translate offshore by Tuesday night
giving way to a moistening return flow leading, a quick return to
rainy conditions Wednesday.

&&

.AVIATION /12Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
At KCLT and elsewhere: Llvl stcu has developed as moisture remains
high within the bndry layer. Continued weak isent lift will allow
for the maintenance and development of MFVR/IFR CIGs/VSBY thru daybreak
most locales...persisting til 17z or so. Isol dense fg has formed
over areas where skies remained clear. KCLT will likely remain the
best site with MVFR conds this morning. Will need some TEMPO IFR
conds across the Upstate and mtn sites.

Outlook: Unseasonably warm and humid conditions are expected to
persist into the early weekend. Shower chances will be highest across
the mtns, while periodic CIG and VSBY restrictions will remain
likely during the late night and morning hours. A frontal passage on
Sunday is likely to bring SHRA and possibly TSRA, with more
seasonable weather possibly returning Monday in the wake of the
front.

Confidence Table...

            11-17Z        17-23Z        23-05Z        05-06Z
KCLT       High  85%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KGSP       High  85%     High  81%     High 100%     High 100%
KAVL       High  85%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KHKY       Med   78%     High  94%     High 100%     High 100%
KGMU       High  85%     High  87%     High 100%     High 100%
KAND       High  85%     High  81%     High 100%     High 100%

The percentage reflects the number of guidance members agreeing
with the scheduled TAF issuance flight rule category. Complete hourly
experimental aviation forecast consistency tables and ensemble forecasts
are available at the following link:

www.weather.gov/gsp/aviation

&&

.CLIMATE...
ERATURE         MIN TEMPERATURE
  STATION      HIGH        LOW         HIGH        LOW
  -------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------
   KAVL      76 1982     29 1989     54 1922     10 1939
   KCLT      76 2012     29 1901     56 1944     19 2009
                1980                                1978
                1962                                1963
   KGSP      76 2012     36 1966     57 1922     15 1963
                1996        1939
                1980



RECORDS FOR 02-24

               MAX TEMPERATURE         MIN TEMPERATURE
  STATION      HIGH        LOW         HIGH        LOW
  -------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------
   KAVL      77 1930     26 1947     50 1985      6 1967
                                        1979
   KCLT      80 1982     26 1889     56 1992     16 1967
                1930
   KGSP      79 1982     33 1901     57 1909     15 1967
                                                    1901



RECORDS FOR 02-25

               MAX TEMPERATURE         MIN TEMPERATURE
  STATION      HIGH        LOW         HIGH        LOW
  -------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------
   KAVL      78 1930     17 1967     51 1985     -2 1967
   KCLT      82 1930     27 1967     58 1890      7 1967
                            1914
   KGSP      79 1930     30 1967     57 1985      8 1967



RECORDS FOR 02-26

               MAX TEMPERATURE         MIN TEMPERATURE
  STATION      HIGH        LOW         HIGH        LOW
  -------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------
   KAVL      78 1951     24 1920     55 1957      5 1967
   KCLT      81 1977     35 1993     57 1890      7 1967
                            1920
   KGSP      80 1996     28 1914     56 1985     12 1974



RECORDS FOR 02-27

               MAX TEMPERATURE         MIN TEMPERATURE
  STATION      HIGH        LOW         HIGH        LOW
  -------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------
   KAVL      78 1996     22 1935     58 1962      6 1934
   KCLT      82 2011     29 1934     59 1917      7 1963
   KGSP      81 1996     37 1987     58 1944     12 1963
                            1982



RECORDS FOR 02-28

               MAX TEMPERATURE         MIN TEMPERATURE
  STATION      HIGH        LOW         HIGH        LOW
  -------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------
   KAVL      77 1918     26 1941     58 1948     13 1935
                                        1896        1934
                                                    1906
   KCLT      78 2011     29 1934     61 1890     14 2002
                1962
                1948
   KGSP      77 1961     35 1934     59 1997     16 2002



RECORDS FOR 03-01

               MAX TEMPERATURE         MIN TEMPERATURE
  STATION      HIGH        LOW         HIGH        LOW
  -------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------
   KAVL      76 2006     31 1920     55 1997     10 1914
   KCLT      82 1918     36 1980     59 1997     15 1980
                            1969        1910
                            1927
   KGSP      80 1918     30 1934     60 2012     19 1906

&&

.GSP WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
GA...None.
NC...None.
SC...None.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...SBK
NEAR TERM...SBK
SHORT TERM...PM
LONG TERM...CSH
AVIATION...SBK
CLIMATE...


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