Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Jackson, MS

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FXUS64 KJAN 270948

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Jackson MS
448 AM CDT Mon Mar 27 2017


Today through tonight:

An active weather pattern is in store this afternoon as a strong
disturbance will promote widespread convective activity throughout
the area. At the surface this morning, a strong 1006mb surface low
is moving through the central Plains, with an attendant cold front
stretched down through central Texas. Water vapor imagery and
regional radars show the widespread convection that developed
yesterday afternoon-evening has slowly been losing the punch it
had earlier as storms are no where near as vigorous as they
progress into central Arkansas. Local radars show a large outflow
boundary that extends through southern Arkansas, western Louisiana
and into south- central and eastern Texas. This will be an
important mechanism for thunderstorm initiation as we go into
later this afternoon.

For this afternoon, expect the surface low to eject northeast
through Missouri and the mid Mississippi Valley, bringing the cold
front slowly towards our area. As the trough and surface low eject
northeast, an anticyclonic jet at 300mb will propagate into our area.
The way this moves in we will be in the front left quadrant, which
normally supports divergence and lift. However, with it being
opposite and on the back side of the trough, this will actually
lead to subsidence by 12Z this morning before the front right
quadrant and lift move over between 18-00Z this afternoon. The
environment is highly destabilized, some 1000-1500 MLCAPE, with
the hi-res NSSL WRF showing up to 2000 J/kg SBCAPE. With steep
700-500mb lapse rates approaching 6-7 deg C under the fast moving
disturbance, clockwise curving hodographs, 30+kts low-mid bulk
shear and 200-300 m2/s2 SRH, expect vigorous severe thunderstorms,
to be possible. SHIP values approach 1-2 and the global and hi-
res models show large hail parameter values approaching 10-15+
areawide. The previously mentioned boundary should help
convective development, even under some subsidence, mainly early
to late afternoon. Even with the best forcing off to our north,
this boundary and any convective development looks to be pretty
vigorous. Looks as though the best timing for development should
be just before noon-1pm in the Delta, with more vigorous
thunderstorms 1-3pm in the Delta to Natchez Trace Corridor and
closer to 3-5pm along and east of the I-55 corridor. The primary
risk with any thunderstorms that develop, especially supercells,
will be damaging winds and large hail, possibly up to golf ball
size or larger. With southeast moving storms and clockwise curving
hodographs, inflow should be efficient and a tornado can not be
ruled out. Through collaboration, the SPC has outlined portions of
our northern counties in the Highway 82 corridor in an enhanced
risk with the slight risk extending down towards the Highway 20
corridor and marginal risk further south. This will be outlined
in our HWO/graphics. Temperatures ahead of these storms will be
warm and much above normal some 10-15 degrees.

Some of these storms to linger into the overnight hours, with some
of these more vigorous storms possibly lingering a few hours after
7pm or so before weakening. As the surface low ejects northeast,
the cold front will slowly move into our area tonight. The front
should move into the Delta just before midnight and only slowly
move south towards I-20 by daybreak. Expect convection that
lingers or any new development to remain tied to the cold front as
rain and any storm chances will slowly lift north, mainly along
and north of the I-20 corridor. Some patchy fog can`t be ruled out
in the southeast as moisture pools ahead of the boundary. Due to
clouds and the cold front around, expect temperatures slightly
cooler in the Delta but warmer in the low-mid 60s elsewhere. /DC/

Tuesday through Sunday:

A potential severe weather event for the Wednesday night/Thursday
period will be the main concern for the long term portion of the
forecast. As we go from Tuesday through Wednesday, a strong and
progressive upper level ridge will move across the ArkLaMiss
bringing continued well above normal temperatures.

A strong trough crossing the Southern Plains will approach the
ArkLaMiss late Wednesday night and bring significant height falls
and potentially widespread convection before daybreak to the Delta
region. Given steep mid level lapse rates and strong deep layer
shear, expect some storms to be severe with all modes possible. A
split upper level jet rounding the base of the trough should help to
enhance lift and potentially anchor a convective system over
portions of the forecast area Thursday resulting in a more enhanced
severe threat along with the potential for heavy rainfall. It would
seem the more favorable location on the synoptic scale would be
northwest portions of the area, but could imagine mesoscale
influences playing a large role in convective evolution and this
makes confidence in potential MCS location low.

Another upper level ridge will progress across the region from
Friday into the weekend bringing more above normal temperatures and
generally dry weather. We should see the next strong trough approach
Sunday bringing another chance for stormy weather. /EC/


06Z TAF discussion:
Increasing mid level clouds are moving into the western & northwest
TAF sites (GLH and GWO) while low stratus & MVFR to IFR ceilings
are beginning to move into central and southern TAF sites,
specifically HKS, JAN, MEI, NMM, PIB and HBG, with lowest IFR
ceilings around 06-08Z. Expect ceilings to lower throughout the
night as this stratus continues to advect to the north into GTR
around 11Z or so. Some lower IFR visibilities, due to patchy fog,
may be possible around HBG and MEI. Expect these conditions to
improve to MVFR conditions after 15-16Z today. Some showers and
storms are possible this afternoon around 18Z near GLH, with more
widespread convection after 20-22Z at GWO, GTR, HKS, JAN, NMM,
MEI, PIB and HBG and lingering after 28/00Z. /DC/


Jackson       82  64  82  63 /  62  49  25   9
Meridian      82  63  82  61 /  56  47  26   9
Vicksburg     82  65  81  63 /  66  34  24   9
Hattiesburg   82  63  83  62 /  38  28  22   9
Natchez       82  65  82  64 /  52  16  23   8
Greenville    79  60  77  62 /  52  51  17   9
Greenwood     80  61  78  62 /  62  58  21  10





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