Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Des Moines, IA

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FXUS63 KDMX 172311
AFDDMX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Des Moines IA
611 PM CDT Wed May 17 2017

...Updated for 00z Aviation Discussion...

.SHORT TERM.../Tonight through Thursday/
Issued at 400 PM CDT Wed May 17 2017

Round one of thunderstorms is pushing into northern Iowa early this
afternoon with a cluster of storms near Spencer at 2 PM and another
approaching Iowa Falls. These storms will continue to move to the
north or north-northeast through the afternoon and be in southern
Minnesota by around 21z/4pm. Behind these storms, clearing followed
by bubbling cumulus and new thunderstorm development are occurring
over central Iowa. Additional thunderstorms are moving out of
southeast Nebraska and northeastern Kansas, which have formed on the
nose of a strong PV anomaly. These storms will move northeastward
from northeastern Kansas early this afternoon through the state this
afternoon and evening with all modes of severe weather still
possible. Latest hi-res models show these storms pivoting
northeastward reaching the Des Moines metro around 21-22z/4-5pm and
Waterloo and Mason City around 23-00z/6-7pm. These storms will be
moving into an airmass characterized by strong boundary layer
heating along with dewpoints generally in the low and middle 60s.
However, recent observations have shown a decrease in dewpoints over
southern and southwest Iowa, which is where deep layer mixing is
taking place due to strong, gusty, synoptic winds as a result of the
aforementioned PV anomaly. This is also the area where we have
issued a special weather statement in lieu of a wind advisory given
our primary concern of severe weather this afternoon. Still, this
has yielded MLCAPEs around 1000 J/kg and SBCAPEs of 2000+ J/kg per
18z KOAX ROAB and 19z SPC mesoanalysis. While deep layer shear will
be more than sufficient for organized updrafts, low-level shear is
marginal currently. However, short term models show this increasing
in the next few hours. Mid-level and low-level lapse rates are
steepening ahead of the PV anomaly with 8C/km and 7C/km,
respectively. The LCLs are currently lowest over northern Iowa
around 750m with around 1250 m closer to the Missouri border and
freezing level over central Iowa are between 10000 and 11000 feet.

As the storms move out of central Iowa into southern Minnesota and
eastern Iowa by mid-evening, scattered showers will linger behind
through around midnight. Clouds will linger longer over much of the
state as winds shift to the west and northwest bringing in cooler
and drier air.

.LONG TERM.../Thursday night through Wednesday/
Issued at 400 PM CDT Wed May 17 2017

The primary concerns through the period will be precip amounts to
end the weak and another system late Monday into Tuesday. Our
current Rockies mean trough will remain in place even after the
present system departs with fair weather at onset, however our
attention will turn to the next embedded low now moving through
NV/UT/ID. Deep thermodynamic and kinematic forcing will cross the
Missouri Valley into IA overnight into Friday morning resulting in
showers and possibly a few thunderstorms. After a minor lull in
the forcing late in the day, another short wave will rotate
through the base of the long wave trough overnight into Saturday
with deformation zone, warm/theta-e advection and frontogenetical
forcing all coming together, along with increased deep convergence
ahead of the low along the warm front. The precipitable water
values and warm cloud depths are not too high for the season, but
considering the degree of forcing for this airmass it will
potentially lead to widespread amounts over an inch before the
system exits. RFC contingency forecasts suggest this will push
rivers to significant within bank rises with at least minor
flooding certainly possible as well. Thus have likely PoPs going
during this window. Heavy rains seem to be the primary threat, but
there will be some severe weather potential during peak heating
Saturday depending on the surface low track. The warmer, more
unstable ECMWF solution would be most favorable with its western
most track. Even the cooler GFS has a sliver of uncapped MLCAPEs
far southeast in the deep shear so this will need to be monitored
in the coming days.

Forcing with this system should exit by midday Saturday leading to a
regime change by early next week with the mean trough through the
Great Lakes. This will keep us in relatively cool NW rather than SW
flow. Models are in good agreement dropping a short wave through the
trough into the Plains and Iowa late Monday into Tuesday.
Instability and shear do not appear to be sufficient to support much
of a severe weather threat however nor are heavy rains
anticipated. This pattern will keep Iowa temperatures often cool
and no better than normal with dewpoints seasonally low as well.

$$

&&

.AVIATION.../For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Thursday evening/
Issued at 610 PM CDT Wed May 17 2017

The stronger thunderstorms are pushing to the north and east early
this evening. Will have lingering thunderstorms, then showers
over the northern and eastern terminals until about midnight as
winds shift to the west and northwest. Will see a brief period
after the storms that the ceilings improve, but expect MVFR and
IFR ceilings to return at all but the southernmost terminal. Late
in the TAF period, conditions should begin to improve into VFR or
higher MVFR ceilings as winds become from the northeast.

&&

.DMX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...Ansorge
LONG TERM...Small
AVIATION...Ansorge



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