Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Greer, SC

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000
FXUS62 KGSP 221802
AFDGSP

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Greenville-Spartanburg SC
202 PM EDT FRI JUL 22 2016

.SYNOPSIS...
Broad deep layered high pressure will remain across the region
through early next week...with a general weakness developing over
the east coast on Monday. Moisture levels will gradually increase
across the western Carolinas and northeast Georgia by the middle of
next week as a weak cold front settles south into the area.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH SATURDAY/...
As of 145 PM EDT, a persistence pattern continues with a 597 dm 500
mb ridge over the southern plains, a trough over the Atlantic
offshore waters, and generally northerly flow aloft over the
southern Appalachians. A few weak vort lobes moving around the ridge
axis are triggering scattered convection along the Blue Ridge this
afternoon. High cloudiness today slightly inhibited warming but
improving aftn insolation should lead to a quick uptick in
thunderstorm coverage along the eastern slopes of the mountains and
adjacent foothills through late afternoon hours. The latest HRRR
shows this convective development slipping SE in the steering flow,
and that flow will be fairly light up the column so slow movers and
heavy rainfall will remain a threat along with isolated damaging
wind gusts. Otherwise, any rainfall will be beneficial in the
drought.

Any upstream MCS activity in the OH valley will dive more southward
and generally miss the area to the west tonight. Convective coverage
should largely wind down this evening but weak vort lobe energy
aloft could keep isolated showers going at times overnight. Min
temps will remain a good 5 degrees above climo with some high clouds
expected and mountain valley fog possible.

Expect a repeat of the diurnal pattern on Saturday with mountain
convection slipping southward along the eastern periphery of the
upper ridge. The weak lee trough will persist over the foothills.
Dewpoints may be less conducive to mixing out on Saturday but there
will likely be less upper vorticity forcing. All in all, PoPs should
be similar to today or slightly less - with slowly moving scattered
mountain convection sliding S or SE. 850 mb temps will be a touch
warmer on Sat, with highs correspondingly warmer. The lower piedmont
areas could see heat index values of 100 to 103 but no advisory
appears to be needed.

&&

.SHORT TERM /SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH MONDAY/...
At 145 PM Friday: On Saturday night and upper ridge will extend
across the southern tier of the USA. This ridge will persist over
our area into Monday. A surface ridge will be located east of the
Appalachians during the same period. Meanwhile, a cold front will
cross the upper MS River Valley, reaching the OH River Valley.
Although moisture will remain over our area, a relatively weak warm
nose aloft will limit instability. Although the models show slightly
better shear than in previous runs, it should still be too limited
to support organization convection. Steering flow now appears to be
slightly better, which should keep cells moving enough to limit
heavy precipitation coverage. The possibility of light downslope flow
east of the mountains may keep precipitation maximized over the
mountains. Although maximum temperatures will only run around 6 to 7
degrees above normal, moisture will support apparent temperatures
of 100 to 106 degrees east of the mountains both Sunday and Monday,
with the highest values in the Piedmont.

&&

.LONG TERM /MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY/...
As of 130 PM Friday...A weakness in the ulvl subtrop ridge will be
maintained through the period as the Hudson Bay low is reinforced
with polar energy. This will allow a couple s/w trofs to swing east
and advance weak frontal bndrys toward the SE region. The models
disagree with the se/wrd extent of these bndrys...however a
persistent lee side trof and mtn top convg will provide the main
focusing for afternoon convection. The best llvl moist flux will
remain west of the fcst area...however pwats will hover arnd 1.7 in
each day as mid and high level moisture advects northeast.
Instability will be on the lower end...but enuf to produce efficient
rain rates and a few stg/svr tstms each afternoon. Pops favor the
higher elevations...where numerous activity will be possible. Less
coverage is anticipated non/mtns. Max temps will remain around
normal...but with high td/s apparent temps will feel about 4-5
degrees F warmer. Low temps will remain a couple degrees above
normal.

&&

.AVIATION /18Z FRIDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
At KCLT, thunderstorm triggering is expected mainly in and near the
higher terrain this afternoon - with only weak steering flow to push
the activity southeast. Nevertheless, the latest HRRR manages to
bring dissipating convection to near KCLT by 20Z and a VCSH will be
maintained for the afternoon hours. Light S to SW winds will
continue through the period, unless any weak outflows arrive from
the NW. Expect FEW to SCT cumulus during peak heating periods and
then just thin high clouds at other times.

Elsewhere, convection developing along the eastern slopes of the
mountains will make a run at the foothill TAF sites from mid to late
afternoon, with KHKY seeing the best chance. Will feature a narrow
tempo TSRA there, and just mention VCTS at KAVL and the Upstate
sites. Otherwise, VFR conditions will continue away from any TSRA
except that valley fog will once again be possible at KAVL.  Will
continue to be more optimistic than MOS at KAVL on overnight vsby
given the recent MOS performance. Light S to SW winds are likely
across the foothills with a lee trough, while NW flow will persist
at KAVL.

Outlook: Scattered/isolated afternoon and evening showers and
thunderstorms will continue across the mountains/piedmont through
early next week. Morning fog and low stratus will be possible each
day in the mountain valleys and also in locations that receive heavy
rainfall the preceding afternoon/evening.

Confidence Table...

            18-24Z        00-06Z        06-12Z        12-18Z
KCLT       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KGSP       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KAVL       High 100%     High 100%     Med   77%     High  91%
KHKY       High 100%     High 100%     High  88%     High 100%
KGMU       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KAND       High 100%     High 100%     High  97%     High  97%

The percentage reflects the number of guidance members agreeing
with the scheduled TAF issuance flight rule category. Complete hourly
experimental aviation forecast consistency tables and ensemble forecasts
are available at the following link:

www.weather.gov/gsp/aviation

&&

.CLIMATE...
RECORDS FOR 07-23

               MAX TEMPERATURE         MIN TEMPERATURE
  STATION      HIGH        LOW         HIGH        LOW
  -------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------
   KAVL      95 1983     69 1974     71 2015     50 1966
                1952        1938        1999
                1934                    1983
   KCLT     101 1987     73 1880     78 1991     56 2007
                1952
   KGSP     102 1952     74 1974     79 1934     59 1966
                                                    1947



RECORDS FOR 07-24

               MAX TEMPERATURE         MIN TEMPERATURE
  STATION      HIGH        LOW         HIGH        LOW
  -------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------
   KAVL      96 1983     68 1985     71 1934     52 1966
                                                    1895
   KCLT     100 1983     73 1938     78 2010     59 1947
                1952                    1883
   KGSP     101 1952     70 1985     79 2010     59 1904



RECORDS FOR 07-25

               MAX TEMPERATURE         MIN TEMPERATURE
  STATION      HIGH        LOW         HIGH        LOW
  -------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------
   KAVL      92 2010     68 2000     70 2012     51 1895
                2005                    2011
                1987                    2010
   KCLT     101 2010     69 2000     79 2010     62 1947
   KGSP     100 1995     72 2000     77 2010     57 1911
                            1890

&&

.GSP WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
GA...None.
NC...None.
SC...None.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...SBK
NEAR TERM...HG
SHORT TERM...JAT
LONG TERM...SBK
AVIATION...HG
CLIMATE...GSP


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