Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS St. Louis, MO

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FXUS63 KLSX 201146
AFDLSX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION...UPDATED AVIATION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ST LOUIS MO
646 AM CDT Wed Aug 20 2014

.SHORT TERM:  (Through Tonight)
Issued at 240 AM CDT Wed Aug 20 2014

Main focus thru the period will be PoPs, which will influence
temps today and therefore, also headlines.

There is still some uncertainty regarding heat headlines thru the
weekend, but will go ahead and issue a Heat Advisory for portions
of central and ern MO and SW IL. This expansion is due to expected
heat index values of 100+ for at least 4 days. However, values of
105+ degrees may be possible across the adv area, especially Thurs
and Fri. This adv may need to be expanded to include counties not
currently in the adv. However, since criteria is not expected to
be reached today, will handle that area tomorrow.

Dewpoints are the main question as portions of central and SE MO
have been mixing out well the past few days. These are the areas
that have seen the least rainfall lately and generally mix out
well during the day. Have therefore kept the ern Ozarks out of the
adv for now.

As for PoPs...the HRRR, local 4km WRF and the 4km NSSL WRF seem
to be handling the current convection fairly well. Have therefore
tailored PoPs for the remainder of today and into tonight twd
those solns. In general, ongoing storms over IA and far NE MO shud
move sewd impacting mainly the nrn portions of the CWA this
morning. Mdls suggest storms developing this afternoon over the
ern Ozarks or along the MS Rvr, but these shud remain isod. For
tonight, storms shud remain focused along the fnt and where 850mb
convergence is greatest. Believe the best chances will remain NE
of the CWA, but have kept slight chance PoPs along the nern
counties due to uncertainty.

A lot of questions remain regarding temps today due to possible
convection. However, have trended above the cooler MOS, but stayed
below the warmer MOS. Overall, this verified fairly well
yesterday. Temps for tonight are a little more complex as mixing
shud be greater across central MO. However, have trended above the
warmer MOS due to swly winds thru the night.

.LONG TERM:  (Tonight through Tuesday)
Issued at 338 AM CDT Wed Aug 20 2014

Focus thru the period will be temps and the ongoing heat
headlines.

Much of the questions regarding dewpoints and headlines continues
thru the weekend as mentioned above and will therefore not dwell
on the uncertainties here. Dewpoints across the ern Ozarks and
perhaps into central MO are expected to mix out during the
afternoon. The rainfall over the past few days shud help drive up
dewpoints across NE MO and much of SW IL. Overall not much change
to the prev forecast as it appears to be on track.

The GEM continues to be an outlier especially beyond Sat and have
therefore trended twd the other guidance. The local WRF and to
some degree the NAM also trend away from a GFS/ECMWF compromise
for Fri and beyond and have therefore trended away from these
solns as well.

The main changes from yesterday are how this heat event comes to
an end. The GFS/ECMWF now suggest the upper ridge, while weaker,
will remain in place into Tues. However, both mdls prog cooler
850mb and 700mb temps which shud still result in cooler temps as
well as an increase in precip chances. These precip chances will
be mainly afternoon pulse TSRA as a s/w approaches the region from
the SE.

&&

.AVIATION:  (For the 12z TAFs through 12z Thursday Morning)
Issued at 640 AM CDT Wed Aug 20 2014

Visual Flight Rules expected for all TAF sites except KUIN.
Scattered morning thunderstorms there should end by noon however.
Otherwise all TAF sites will see relatively light southwest winds
today, with some VFR clouds moving in overnight, but no rain is
expected.

Specifics for KSTL: Visual Flight Rules expected through this TAF
period. Southwest winds around 10 mph today will continue tonight
as a deck of VFR clouds moves in.

Browning

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS:
Saint Louis     95  75  96  77 /  30  10   5  10
Quincy          89  71  93  73 /  50  20  10  10
Columbia        94  73  96  74 /  20  10   5  10
Jefferson City  94  73  97  74 /  10  10   5  10
Salem           90  72  92  73 /  20  20  10  10
Farmington      94  70  95  72 /  20  10   5   5

&&

.LSX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES:
MO...HEAT ADVISORY from 1 PM this afternoon to 7 PM CDT Sunday FOR
     Audrain MO-Boone MO-Callaway MO-Cole MO-Franklin MO-
     Gasconade MO-Jefferson MO-Lincoln MO-Madison MO-Moniteau MO-
     Montgomery MO-Osage MO-St. Charles MO-St. Francois MO-Ste.
     Genevieve MO-Warren MO.

     EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNING from 1 PM this afternoon to 7 PM CDT
     Sunday FOR St. Louis City MO-St. Louis MO.

IL...HEAT ADVISORY from 1 PM this afternoon to 7 PM CDT Sunday FOR
     Bond IL-Calhoun IL-Clinton IL-Greene IL-Jersey IL-Macoupin
     IL-Marion IL-Monroe IL-Randolph IL-Washington IL.

     EXCESSIVE HEAT WARNING from 1 PM this afternoon to 7 PM CDT
     Sunday FOR Madison IL-St. Clair IL.

&&

$$

WFO LSX






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