Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Austin/San Antonio, TX

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FXUS64 KEWX 110243

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Austin/San Antonio TX
943 PM CDT Mon May 10 2021

Convection has congealed into a line and is progressing eastward from
Uvalde to Frio Counties. The threat for severe weather continues with
these storms and will last for a few more hours. We have extended the
Severe Thunderstorm Watch until midnight for Real, Uvalde, Zavala,
Kerr, Bandera, Medina, Frio, Kendall, Bexar, and Atascosa Counties.
Behind this line convection is unlikely and we have cancelled the
watch for those counties. Short term models suggest that any storms
after midnight will be sub-severe.


.PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 736 PM CDT Mon May 10 2021/

Please see the 00Z aviation forecast discussion below.

Convection continues across the Rio Grande plains this evening, with
most of the activity well south of DRT. We will monitor the need to
add a mention of TSRA at DRT, but at this time we will leave that out
of the forecast. Additional showers may develop late this evening
into tomorrow morning, but the afternoon hours look favored for more
widespread showers and thunderstorms.

PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 159 PM CDT Mon May 10 2021/

SHORT TERM (Tonight through Tuesday Night)...

.Severe storms with large to potentially giant hail possible west
this evening...

A stalled cold front draped across the region from west to east,
with ample southerly flow at low to mid levels bringing rich
moisture into the region above it, are setting the stage for severe
storms this afternoon and evening, primarily west of US-281. A
corridor of 4000+ J/kg MUCAPE as analyzed by the RAP exists along
the Rio Grande, with 2500+ J/kg across the rest of south-central
Texas. Although the 18Z DRT special sounding still showed a decent
capping inversion, the expectation is that this will still mostly
erode away through the rest of this afternoon with a little help
from a weak shortwave and a brief window for some surface heating.
Deep shear of 40-50+ knots, highest NW, will be in place this
evening. Rotating storms are a high likelihood, and in this
environment we are yet again under the gun for the potential of very
large or even giant hail this evening over our western counties.
Damaging winds are a secondary threat. The sfc front will sag very
slowly southward through tonight, and there is a very low risk for a
tornado south of it this evening as SRH increases due to the LLJ
formation, but in general concern is very low for tornadoes. Despite
the marginal risk in place over the east half of our area for severe
storms, current local thinking is that storm chances are quite low
for at least areas northeast of La Grange to Fredericksburg for this
first event.

Concern for localized flash flooding may be slightly increased this
evening for primarily the Winter Garden region. With freezing levels
maxing out around 12-13kft and then falling closer to 10 kft by
Tuesday night, warm rain processes will occur but rainfall rates
shouldn`t be off the charts or anything. Rivers have had plenty of
time to subside since the heavy rainfall late April into early May
so river flooding is not of much concern. However, impacts such as
ponding on roadways or overflowing culverts could be seen in a few
places where heavier rains do occur with a couple hours of residence
time. Somewhat more impactful flash flooding could be possible across
our western CWA this evening. The 12Z WRF-NMM, for example, puts out
a bullseye of 4+" of QPF over Uvalde and Zavala counties, and the
HRRR suggests the potential for similarly high QPF over the Winter
Garden region. That area is the most parched overall, especially
along our southern border, so they can take a bit of rain, but will
have to keep a close eye on things today.

Storms will likely cluster and weaken overnight tonight over the
southwest half of the CWA. However, redevelopment of showers and
storms is anticipated Tuesday morning with off and on activity
throughout the day and much of the night. Nailing down timing and
location of storms is difficult but in the AM, chances will be best
over the northwest half and will eventually spread across the rest
of the area through the day. A broad-brushed marginal risk of severe
weather, primarily for large hail, will be in place. A marginal risk
of excessive rainfall is also in place across the area, although
storms should be relatively progressive so we aren`t likely to see
many localized totals during the day above the 1-3" range, if at
all. That said, given the antecedent wetness over some spots and
ample atmospheric moisture available as PWATs of 1.5-2" are still
progged over all but the northern Hill Country, we will still need to
keep an eye out for some localized flooding problems should heavier
rainfall rates arise. With the cloud cover and rain in place and the
front stalled near our southern border, rather cool temperatures are
forecast, topping out only in the 70s north and low to mid 80s
south/along the Rio Grande Tuesday.

LONG TERM (Wednesday through Monday)...

Our active weather pattern for the start to middle of the week should
come to an end by Thursday, but not before we squeeze out another
round of scattered showers with a few rumbles of thunder on
Wednesday. A weak mid level shortwave will move through from west to
east on Wednesday, resulting in some scattered showers and storms,
especially within an east/northeasterly sfc flow regime. Any remnant
rain showers should come to an end shortly after sunset on Wednesday
evening, mainly over the southern 1/3rd of the CWA.

South-Central Texas will be left under light northeasterly sfc flow
on the southern periphery of a weak sfc high as it settles in to our
north and east on Thursday afternoon. This should set the stage for
several cool mornings, with many places in the mid to upper 50s,
along with areas to the west and south in the lower to middle 60s. By
late Friday, the sfc high will begin to retreat and slide eastward,
allowing sfc flow to turn back out of the south, with sfc moisture
returning as well as the Gulf of Mexico opens back up for business.

The weekend looks to bring the return of a slightly more active
pattern back into the picture once again. Models are somewhat divided
on what will transpire by the start of next week, but are more in
agreement on the setup for the weekend. Two separate shortwaves will
ripple through the flow out ahead of a deepening long wave upper
level trough over the southwestern CONUS. This will allow isolated to
scattered showers and thunderstorms to develop both Saturday and
Sunday afternoons. At this time, the threat for severe weather looks
quite low, however, will continue to monitor the possibility of
strong to severe storms by Sunday afternoon and Monday afternoon, as
this type of pattern has led to severe weather in our region over the
last several weeks.

PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 1248 PM CDT Mon May 10 2021/


CIGs are hovering just below MVFR thresholds at SAT this afternoon
but should lift to VFR for a time. AUS is seeing a brief clearing but
it isn`t expected to last. Scattered thunderstorm development late
this afternoon through the evening has the potential to impact
DRT/SAT/SSF but confidence is low in direct impacts for San Antonio,
thus carrying VCTS there for now. Deteriorating flight conditions
return tonight with IFR by 03z at AUS and MVFR at DRT/SAT/SSF by
03-05Z. SAT/SSF could see IFR as early as 09/12Z but confidence too
low to include at this time. Somewhat better shower and thunderstorm
coverage is expected late tonight near DRT and then by the afternoon
hours Tuesday at the I-35 sites, details to be refined.


Austin Camp Mabry              79  62  73  61  69 /  20  40  90  70  60
Austin Bergstrom Intl Airport  79  63  75  61  69 /  30  40  80  70  60
New Braunfels Muni Airport     86  65  77  62  72 /  40  40  80  70  60
Burnet Muni Airport            71  59  71  57  66 /  20  50  90  50  50
Del Rio Intl Airport           91  69  81  66  75 /  40  40  60  50  60
Georgetown Muni Airport        72  61  72  59  67 /  20  50  90  60  50
Hondo Muni Airport             88  67  80  64  74 /  40  50  80  60  60
San Marcos Muni Airport        85  64  76  61  70 /  40  40  80  70  60
La Grange - Fayette Regional   90  69  81  64  72 /  40  40  70  80  70
San Antonio Intl Airport       87  66  78  63  71 /  30  40  80  70  60
Stinson Muni Airport           88  68  81  65  73 /  30  40  70  70  60




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