Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Twin Cities, MN

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FXUS63 KMPX 182112
AFDMPX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Twin Cities/Chanhassen MN
412 PM CDT THU AUG 18 2016

.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Friday)
Issued at 349 PM CDT Thu Aug 18 2016

An active stretch of weather is expected over the next 24
hours as a slow moving frontal boundary slides south across the
region and serves as the focus for showers and thunderstorms. There
is a severe weather threat, and also a flooding threat.

Early afternoon surface analysis together with radar and satellite
imagery identified a boundary east/west across Minnesota, with
storms firing along it. The deep layer shear supports supercells,
SPC mesoanalysis page has around 1000m cloud bases in this region,
so could also see a tornado threat given the backed surface winds.
Storms will produce 2-4"/hr rainfall rates, but forecast soundings
forward propagation so storms will be moving fairly quickly and be
capable of a damaging wind threat. However, HiRes models show
potential training storms along the boundary later tonight across
southern MN, so that is the main reason behind the flash flood
threat.

This boundary will gradually sag southward as the storms outflow
negates its northward progression. Meanwhile the parent upper level
trough will drive a surface cold front through the region on Friday
bringing and end to the showers and thunderstorms. A few showers
will accompany this storm, but the instability on Friday will be
confined to the far south/east part of the forecast area.

.LONG TERM...(Friday night through Thursday)
Issued at 349 PM CDT Thu Aug 18 2016

There will be a notable air mass change behind the aforementioned
cold front by Saturday. The trough that is driving that air mass
change passes across MN/WI on Saturday. There is a pronounced
potential vorticity and 80-100kt upper jet moving through with the
upper wave and as a result there will likely be lingering showers
for at least the first half of the day in eastern MN and western
WI. The drier air quickly arrives as the forcing moves east by
Saturday evening with much cooler than normal temperatures and
dewpoints in the 40s/50s for Sunday and Monday - light jacket
weather Sun/Mon mornings.

MN/WI will be sandwiched in between northern and southern stream
jets MON and TUE, which should spell a period of quiet weather
until TUesday night into Wednesday when a trough embedded in the
northern stream drops south across the northern Rockies and
approaches the Upper Mississippi River Valley. Return flow out of
the southwest ahead of this wave will bring an end to the lower
humidity for WED/THU. This trough will drive a cold front through
the area and bring numerous showers/storms to the local area.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Friday afternoon)
Issued at 1218 PM CDT Thu Aug 18 2016

.AVIATION...

Several round of showers and thunderstorms will move across the
region over the next 24 hours. The main threat is for strong wind,
but will likely see impacts outside of that with reduced visibility
from heavy rain and low clouds. The storms should shift southeast by
morning, but forecast soundings show low level moisture and MVFR/IFR
clouds Friday morning.

KMSP...

There is a long duration of thunder in the Tafs, but that is because
the system responsible for the storms is very slow moving. The best
chance appears to be later this evening, so have a tempo wi reduced
visibility during the period.

/OUTLOOK FOR KMSP/

Sat...MVFR with TSRA/RA possible. Winds NNW 10-15 kts.
Sun...VFR with morning MVFR Cigs possible. Winds NW 5 kts.
Mon...VFR. Winds S 5-10 kts.

&&

.MPX Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
WI...None.
MN...None.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...MPX
LONG TERM...MPX
AVIATION...JRB



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