Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Detroit/Pontiac, MI

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000
FXUS63 KDTX 270858
AFDDTX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DETROIT/PONTIAC MI
358 AM EST FRI FEB 27 2015

.SHORT TERM...TODAY AND TONIGHT

RECORD LOWS FOR FEB 27
DETROIT AREA: -4  (1934)
FLINT AREA:   -14 (1994)
SAGINAW:      -8  (1934)

ANOTHER COLD MORNING ACROSS SOUTHEASTERN MICHIGAN WITH AN ARCTIC
SURFACE RIDGE LOCKED IN OVERHEAD. NIL WIND AND CLEAR SKIES HAS LED
TO FAVORABLE RADIATIVE COOLING CONDITIONS. SURFACE TEMPERATURES
CURRENTLY RANGE FROM 0 TO 10 DEGREES BELOW ZERO AS OF 3AM. WITH A
LACK OF LOW CLOUD DISCERNIBLE IN IR IMAGERY...EXPECTATIONS ARE FOR
SURFACE TEMPERATURES TO CONTINUE TO BOTTOM OUT BEFORE SUNRISE WITH
MANY RURAL LOCATIONS REACHING 10 TO 20 DEGREES BELOW ZERO. WITH A
DECOUPLED SURFACE LAYER...WILL HONOR THE DECISION OF PRIOR SHIFTS
AND NOT ISSUE A WIND CHILL ADVISORY.

COLDEST MIDLEVEL TEMPERATURES PUSHING OUT OF THE STATE TODAY IN
COMBINATION WITH AN SURFACE ANTICYCLONE PUSHING INTO PORTIONS OF
OHIO WILL ALLOW WIND DIRECTIONS OVER SOUTHEASTERN MICHIGAN TO MAKE A
CONCERTED MOVE TO SOUTHWESTERLY. ENHANCED MOISTURE AND LAKE MICHIGAN
CLOUD DEBRIS IS PROGGED TO STREAM EASTWARD WITH TIME...SHOWN TO
SLIDE THROUGH PORTIONS OF THE CWA BY THIS AFTERNOON AND INTO THE
EARLY EVENING. RAP SOUNDINGS SUGGEST THERE WILL BE A CONSIDERABLE
DIURNAL COMPONENT TO ANY SKY COVER. WIND TRAJECTORIES POINT TO THE
NORTHERN CWA/SAGAINAW VALLEY AS THE MORE FAVORABLE LOCATION FOR
CLOUDS. WITH SUN...SHADED A DEGREE OR TWO HIGHER THAN MOS GUIDANCE
FOR HIGHS.

SURFACE HIGH PRESSURE PUSHING THROUGH INDIANA AND OHIO WILL SET
ANOTHER NIGHT UP FOR CALM WINDS ACROSS THE SOUTHERN HALF OF THE CWA.
LOWERED MINS FOR AREAS SOUTH OF DETROIT. OTHERWISE...A PRESSURE
GRADIENT IN PLACE OVER THE TRI CITIES/NORTHERN THUMB AND SOME
POTENTIAL FOR LINGERING CLOUDS LIMITS THE TEMPERATURE FALL POTENTIAL
FOR TONIGHT.

&&

.LONG TERM...

COLD AIRMASS WILL REMAIN IN PLACE INTO EARLY THIS WEEKEND ALTHOUGH
TEMPERATURES WILL MODERATE EVER SO SLIGHTLY AS THE LATEST ARCTIC
HIGH PRESSURE SHIFTS TO THE EAST OF THE AREA SATURDAY NIGHT. HIGHS
ON SATURDAY WILL CLIMB TO AROUND 20F WITH LOWS THAT NIGHT HOLDING
INTO THE SINGLE DIGITS TO NEAR 10F AS BOTH THE COLDEST AIR SHIFTS
EAST AND EXPANDING CLOUD COVER WORKS INTO THE AREA WITH THE APPROACH
OF A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM.

00Z MODEL RUNS...SAVE THE NAM12...BASICALLY SUPPORT THE PREVIOUS
FORECAST AS ROUGHLY 1 TO 2 INCHES OF SNOW FALL FROM THE I-69
CORRIDOR NORTH LATE SATURDAY NIGHT INTO EARLY SUNDAY EVENING WITH 2
TO 3 INCHES SOUTH OF THAT INTO METRO DETROIT AS H7 SPECIFIC HUMIDITY
CLIMBS TO AROUND 2 G/KG ALONG THE M-59 CORRIDOR. GIVEN THE
RELATIVELY HIGH SNOW TO LIQUID RATIOS EXPECTED WITH THE COLD AIRMASS
IN PLACE...15:1 OR A BIT MORE...WOULD NOT BE SURPRISED TO SEE UP TO
4 INCHES FROM THE I-94 CORRIDOR SOUTHWARD.

TEMPERATURES WILL EDGE BACK DOWN EARLY NEXT WEEK...BUT TO MUCH MORE
REASONABLE LEVELS THAN THE PAST SEVERAL WEEKS AS HIGHS MONDAY REACH
THE MID/UPPER 20S AND LOWS HOLD IN THE TEENS SUNDAY AND MONDAY NIGHT.

THE NEXT LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM APPEARS TO BE SHAPING UP TO BE A
STRONGER SYSTEM THAN THE WEEKEND EVENT...WITH A TRACK THAT WOULD
SUPPORT A WIDE VARIETY OF PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE CWA ON TUESDAY
WITH PRIMARILY SNOW OVER THE NORTHERN CWA AND SNOW CHANGING TO A MIX
AND THEN EVENTUALLY RAIN FURTHER SOUTH. WITH THE EVENTUAL TRACK AND
STRENGTH OF THIS SYSTEM STILL IN DOUBT...WILL FORGO ANY SIGNIFICANT
DETAILS AT THIS TIME...OTHER THAN TO INCLUDE SOME MENTION OF
SLEET...FREEZING RAIN AND RAIN AS 00Z RUNS OF THE GFS...CMC AND
ECMWF DO NOT SUPPORT AN ALL SNOW EVENT FOR THE ENTIRE CWA.

&&

.MARINE...

HIGH PRESSURE WILL BE BUILD FROM THE MID MISSISSIPPI VALLEY TODAY
THROUGH THE OHIO VALLEY ON SATURDAY. MODEST SOUTHWEST RETURN FLOW
WILL DEVELOP AROUND THIS HIGH OVER THE CENTRAL GREAT LAKES. CENTRAL
SECTIONS OF LAKE HURON WILL MOST LIKELY SEE WINDS INCREASE INTO THE
15 TO 20 KNOT RANGE. OTHERWISE...WINDS WILL REMAIN ON THE LIGHT SIDE
AS THIS SOUTHWEST PRESSURE GRADIENT WEAKENS LATE IN THE WEEKEND AS A
WEAK LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM LIFTS INTO THE REGION. EVEN THE RETURN OF
COLD NORTHWEST FLOW IN THE WAKE OF THE ATTENDING COLD FRONT WILL BE
LIMITED TO 25 KNOT GUSTS OR LESS OVER MUCH OF LAKE HURON.

&&

.AVIATION...ISSUED 1153 PM EST THU FEB 26 2015

EXISTING ARCTIC HIGH PRESSURE WILL LARGELY SUSTAIN A DRY/STABLE
ENVIRONMENT INTO FRIDAY.  SOME THIN POCKETS OF STRATUS NOTED
DEVELOPING IN THE VICINITY OF MBS MAY PROVIDE A BRIEF MVFR CEILING
EARLY THIS MORNING AT MBS/FNT...BUT LIMITED COVERAGE AND DURATION
WILL SUPPORT A PREVAILING VFR.  A BACKING FLOW TOWARD THE WEST AND
THEN SOUTHWEST WILL SUPPORT A PERIOD OF LOW VFR DIURNAL STRATO CU
DEVELOPMENT FRIDAY AFTERNOON...GREATER COVERAGE SEEMINGLY MORE
LIKELY ACROSS THE NORTHERN TAF SITES.

//DTW THRESHOLD PROBABILITIES...

* LOW CONFIDENCE IN CEILING BELOW 5000 FT FRIDAY AFTERNOON.

&&

.DTX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MI...NONE.
LAKE HURON...NONE.
LAKE ST CLAIR...NONE.
MICHIGAN WATERS OF LAKE ERIE...NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...CB
LONG TERM....DG
MARINE.......DG
AVIATION.....MR


YOU CAN OBTAIN YOUR LATEST NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE FORECASTS ONLINE
AT WWW.WEATHER.GOV/DETROIT (ALL LOWER CASE).



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