Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Des Moines, IA

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000
FXUS63 KDMX 212023
AFDDMX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DES MOINES IA
323 PM CDT MON JUL 21 2014

.SHORT TERM /TONIGHT/...
ISSUED AT 322 PM CDT MON JUL 21 2014

LOW STATUS DEVELOPED ACROSS NORTHWEST IOWA THIS MORNING JUST NORTH
OF A BOUNDARY AND HAS PERSISTED WELL INTO THE AFTERNOON. MOISTURE
IS TRAPPED UNDER A STRONG INVERSION IN AN AREA OF GOOD WARM
ADVECTION WHICH HAS ALLOWED IT TO PERSIST INTO THE AFTERNOON.
SOUNDINGS IN THE NORTHWEST DO GRADUALLY DRY IN THE LOWER LAYERS
WITH TIME THIS EVENING AND SHOULD SEE SOME BREAKUP OF
CLOUDINESS...ALBEIT GRADUALLY. OTHERWISE...WARM MID LEVEL TEMPS
HAVE CAPPED THE FORECAST AREA TO ANY SURFACE BASED CONVECTION. ANY
THREAT FROM PCPN OVERNIGHT WOULD COME FROM VERY HIGH BASED
ACTIVITY THAT WOULD MOVE ACRS THE STATE OVERNIGHT AS MID LEVEL
TROF PASSES THROUGH THE UPPER MIDWEST. TEMPERATURES WILL REMAIN
WELL INTO THE 70S OVERNIGHT DECENT SURFACE FLOW REMAINING ALONG
WITH DEWPOINTS HOLDING IN THE 70S. NO CHANGE IN HEADLINES AS HEAT
INDEX VALUES LIKELY HIGHER ACRS PORTIONS OF THE FORECAST AREA INTO
TUESDAY.

.LONG TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH MONDAY/...
ISSUED AT 322 PM CDT MON JUL 21 2014

LITTLE HAS CHANGED IN OVERALL FORECAST THINKING TODAY. BY TUESDAY
MORNING A COOL FRONT WILL LIE NEAR THE NORTHWEST CORNER OF IOWA
WITH WARM AND HUMID CONDITIONS AHEAD OF IT. OVERNIGHT STORMS
ACROSS MINNESOTA SHOULD STAY TO OUR NORTH AND WHILE SOME HIGH
RESOLUTION MODELS CONTINUE TO TRY TO SPIT OUT SOME ISOLATED STORMS
EARLY TUESDAY MORNING...BELIEVE THIS TO BE UNLIKELY AND HAVE THUS
HELD POPS OUT OF THE FORECAST FOR THAT PERIOD. REGARDLESS...AFTER
SUNRISE THE TEMPERATURES WILL RISE QUICKLY WITH DEWPOINTS CREEPING
EVEN HIGHER THAN TODAY IN MANY AREAS...RESULTING IN HEAT INDEX
VALUES PEAKING GENERALLY NEAR 100 ACROSS THE FAR NORTH AND IN THE
105 TO 110 RANGE CENTRAL AND SOUTH. NO CHANGES HAVE BEEN MADE TO
THE ONGOING HEAT ADVISORY.

DESPITE THE FRONT MOVING THROUGH A VERY UNSTABLE AIRMASS ON
TUESDAY...WARM TEMPERATURES ALOFT SHOULD CAP ANY POTENTIAL
CONVECTION AND NO STORM DEVELOPMENT IS ANTICIPATED UNTIL PERHAPS
LATE AFTERNOON AND EVENING IN THE SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST. THE FRONTAL
BOUNDARY WILL BLOW OUT INTO MISSOURI BY MIDNIGHT AND THEREAFTER
IOWA WILL SEE COOL AND DRY WEATHER FOR A COUPLE OF DAYS ON THE
NORTHEASTERN PERIPHERY OF THE LARGE SOUTHWEST U.S. 500 MB HIGH
PRESSURE DOME. BETWEEN THURSDAY NIGHT AND SATURDAY MORNING A
SERIES OF SHORTWAVES MOVING ACROSS THE MIDWEST WILL PUNCH THIS
HIGH PRESSURE AREA FURTHER SOUTH...PLACING US BENEATH A MORE BRISK
NORTHWEST FLOW ALOFT WHICH SHOULD SPARK ONE OR MORE ROUNDS OF
THUNDERSTORMS LATE IN THE WEEK WITH SOME POTENTIAL FOR SEVERE
WEATHER DEPENDING ON THE DEGREE OF DESTABILIZATION. FROM AROUND
SATURDAY NIGHT INTO MONDAY THE GFS AND ECMWF DIFFER SOMEWHAT IN
THE DETAILS...BUT BOTH OF THEM EVENTUALLY CARVE OUT INCREASINGLY
COOL AND CYCLONIC FLOW ALOFT AND BUILD A LARGE STANDING 500 MB
TROUGH ACROSS THE EASTERN HALF OF THE CONTINENT. THIS WILL
EVENTUALLY LEAD TO SEVERAL MORE DAYS OF UNSEASONABLY COOL WEATHER
NEXT WEEK.

&&

.AVIATION...21/18Z
ISSUED AT 1222 PM CDT MON JUL 21 2014

AREA OF STRATUS HAS EXPANDED IN NORTHWEST IOWA THIS MORNING AND
WILL CONTINUE FOR A FEW HOURS INTO THE AFTERNOON BUT SHOULD BEGIN
TO MIX OUT LATER. THIS WILL IMPACT KFOD...KMCW AND POSSIBLY KALO
WITH MVFR CEILINGS FOR A SHORT WHILE THIS AFTERNOON. GENERALLY VFR
CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED OVERNIGHT ALTHOUGH SOME PATCHY AREAS OF
HAZE/LGT FOG WILL BE POSSIBLE. WINDS WILL BE FROM THE SOUTH TO
SOUTHEAST THROUGH TONIGHT BUT WILL BECOME NORTHWEST BEHIND A FRONT
DROPPING SOUTH THROUGH THE STATE ON TUESDAY.

&&

.DMX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
HEAT ADVISORY UNTIL 7 PM CDT TUESDAY FOR ADAIR-ADAMS-APPANOOSE-
AUDUBON-BLACK HAWK-BOONE-BREMER-BUTLER-CALHOUN-CARROLL-CASS-
CERRO GORDO-CLARKE-CRAWFORD-DALLAS-DAVIS-DECATUR-EMMET-FRANKLIN-
GREENE-GRUNDY-GUTHRIE-HAMILTON-HANCOCK-HARDIN-HUMBOLDT-JASPER-
KOSSUTH-LUCAS-MADISON-MAHASKA-MARION-MARSHALL-MONROE-PALO ALTO-
POCAHONTAS-POLK-POWESHIEK-RINGGOLD-SAC-STORY-TAMA-TAYLOR-UNION-
WAPELLO-WARREN-WAYNE-WEBSTER-WINNEBAGO-WORTH-WRIGHT.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...COGIL
LONG TERM...LEE
AVIATION...COGIL


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