Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Des Moines, IA

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FXUS63 KDMX 290859

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Des Moines IA
359 AM CDT Mon Aug 29 2016

.SHORT TERM.../Today/
Issued at 359 AM CDT Mon Aug 29 2016

Surface high pressure has become reestablished over the central
Great Lakes with ridging still extending west into central Iowa. A
modestly unstable environment remains south of the ridging and
is characterized by high pwats(near 2 inches), very weak deep
layer shear and weak steering flow(10kts or less). This will
result in isolated to scattered thunderstorms with the potential
for locally heavy rainfall and local microburst. A few landspout
funnels may be possible if the cirrus shield erodes and good
surface heating can commence. Best potential would be in the
vicinity of the high ridging where the surface flow is the weakest
and best near surface vorticity should reside.

Farther north, the dry air wedge will help limit the northward
extent of the precipitation. Overall the latest operational HRRR
has a good general depiction of what is expected today with a few
thunderstorms developing from time to time with the focus along
and south of Highway 30. High temperatures should be a bit cooler
than Sunday with more clouds expected.

.LONG TERM.../Tonight through Sunday/
Issued at 359 AM CDT Mon Aug 29 2016

The main forecast concern was focused on thunderstorm chances
tonight into Tuesday and with temperatures through the remainder
of the work week.

Tonight into Tuesday night...Similar airmass remains in place
over the state before a cold front finally clears the forecast
area late Tuesday into Wednesday Morning. Muggy and warm
conditions will provide plenty of instability tonight to keep
storm chances going over the southern half of the forecast area.
Storms this evening are likely to be sunshine dependent and thus
not anticipating much activity past 03z at the latest. A brief
break in the storms seems possible before the next shortwave
enters the state by around 09-12z Tuesday. Weak large scale
forcing present with this shortwave but enough to initiate
convection. Plus, there is some mid-level theta-E advection
associated with it early Tuesday morning to aid in the
development. Very weak flow throughout the entire column and thus
have low confidence in any long lived thunderstorm activity and
widespread severe threat. However, with the instability present,
cannot rule an isolated brief hail threat tonight and Tuesday. The
main concern would be heavy rain with PWATs around 1.5 inches,
warm layer cloud depths in the 3500-4000 meter range, and with the
weak stearing flow, could see some slow moving storms drop a few
inches of rain in short time frame in the same location, leading
to the flash flood potential.

Wednesday through Friday...Some lingering pops across the far
south as the front looks to take its sweet time clearing the
state. Otherwise, very pleasant airmass filters into the state
with 850mb temperatures dropping down to +11C in the east to +14C
out west Wednesday night into Thursday. Decent radiational cooling
setup early Thursday and may lead to some fog development. Low
confidence with mentioning fog this far in advance as the center
of the surface high reaches Iowa by daybreak. Thus, winds remain
strong enough overnight Wednesday night into Thursday.

Saturday and Sunday...Next decent chances and most organized
system to impact the state will be Saturday into Sunday. Still
some timing differences between the extended models, but all have
agreed to slow this system even more than previously thought into


.AVIATION.../For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Monday night/
Issued at 1138 PM CDT Sun Aug 28 2016

Upper level boundary and old outflows from earlier convection
beginning to develop isolated convection at 0430z. Looking for
continued increase in coverage through 12z over south. Confidence
remains low regarding location both through 12z and day part 15z-
00z...though convection likely to be present across the area.
Overnight possible MVFR/IFR fog/br still likely at KMCW/KALO
elsewhere mitigated by clouds and shower potential through 15z.
Winds remain generally light through period. /rev





SHORT TERM...Donavon
LONG TERM...Podrazik
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