Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Rapid City, SD

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000
FXUS63 KUNR 222302
AFDUNR

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION FOR WESTERN SD AND NORTHEASTERN WY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RAPID CITY SD
500 PM MDT TUE JUL 22 2014

.SHORT TERM...THIS EVENING THROUGH WEDNESDAY NIGHT
ISSUED AT 154 PM MDT TUE JUL 22 2014

LATEST SFC ANALYSIS SHOW HIGH PRESSURE OVER THE CENTRAL
DAKOTAS/NEBRASKA WITH SOUTHERLY RETURN FLOW ALONG THE WESTERN
EDGE OF THE SFC HIGH OVER NERN WY AND FAR WRN SD. VIS SAT IMAGE
SHOWS CU DEVELOPING ALONG THE CONVERGENCE ZONE OVER THE HIGHER
ELEVATIONS OF THE BLACK HILLS AND ANOTHER N-S ORIENTED LINE OF
DEVELOPING CU OVER CAMPBELL COUNTY WY. NAM IS SHOWING A BAND OF
1500-2000J/KG SB CAPE EXTENDING FROM SC MT THROUGH NERN WY AND THE
BLKHLS AND INTO SWRN AND SC SD. IT LOOKS LIKE THE CAPPING
INVERSION WILL SOON ERODE OVER PARTS OF NERN WY...NWRN SD AND THE
BLKHLS SO EXPECT CONVECTION TO DEVELOP OVER THOSE AREAS AFT 21Z.
0-6KM SHEAR WILL INCREASE DURING THE LATE AFTN AS 40KT MID-LEVEL
NORTHWESTERLY WINDS COMBINE WITH 10KT EAST/SOUTHEAST BOUNDARY
LAYER FLOW. MESO MODELS INDICATE A FEW SUPERCELLS WILL DEVELOP
ALONG THE LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE AREAS BY LATE AFTERNOON...TRACKING
SOUTHEASTWARD DURING THE EVENING. LARGE HAIL WILL BE THE MAIN
THREAT...BUT AS STORMS COLLAPSE DAMAGING WINDS POSSIBLE.

OVERNIGHT...UPPER LEVEL RIDGE CONTINUES TO BUILD OVER CWA WITH
DRY WEATHER EXPECTED AFT MIDNIGHT. LOWS NEAR GUIDANCE.

WEDNESDAY...UPPER/THERMAL RIDGE WILL BE LOCATED OVER THE NORTHERN
PLAINS WITH A LEE SIDE SFC TROUGH AND AN UPPER SHORTWAVE APPROACHING
DURING THE PERIOD OF PEAK HEATING IN THE AFTERNOON. LOW LEVEL
SOUTHEASTERLY FLOW WILL INCREASE THE 0-6KM BULK SHEAR. ISOLATED
SEVERE TSRA ARE EXPECTED. PERSISTENT MOISTURE CONVERGENCE WILL BE
LOCATED ALONG EASTERN SLOPES OF BLACK HILLS AND SUPERCELL FORECAST
MOVEMENT OVER THAT AREA WILL BE LESS THAN 10KTS BY 00Z. MODELS
INDICATE PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES WILL BE 150 PERCENT OF NORMAL.
LOCALIZED HEAVY RAIN/FLASH FLOODING MAY BE POSSIBLE. TEMPERATURES
WILL WARM UP ON WEDNESDAY...AND COULD BE QUITE WARM WEDNESDAY NIGHT
GIVEN 30-40KT LOW LEVEL JET.

&&

.LONG TERM...THURSDAY THROUGH TUESDAY
ISSUED AT 154 PM MDT TUE JUL 22 2014

UPPER-LEVEL RIDGE WILL REMAIN OVER THE ROCKIES AND HIGH PLAINS
DURING THE LATTER PART OF THE WEEK...WITH VERY WARM CONDITIONS
PERSISTING. WEAK SHORTWAVE ENERGY WILL CONTINUE TO ROTATE AROUND THE
RIDGE AND BRING ADDITIONAL CHANCES FOR SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS
THURSDAY AFTERNOON INTO THURSDAY NIGHT. A FEW STRONG TO SEVERE
STORMS LOOK POSSIBLE AGAIN. A STRONG SHORTWAVE TROF WILL THEN SLIDE
SOUTHEAST ACROSS SOUTH CENTRAL CANADA...WITH WEAKER ENERGY CROSSING
THE NORTHERN PLAINS FRIDAY NIGHT AND SATURDAY. THIS WILL BRING
ANOTHER CHANCE OF SHOWERS AND STORMS TO THE AREA.

AS THE SHORTWAVE TROF SLIDES EAST...THE UPPER RIDGE WILL RETROGRADE
WEST...BRINGING PREDOMINANTLY NORTHWEST UPPER FLOW TO THE NORTHERN
PLAINS. THIS WILL RESULT IN COOLER TEMPERATURES FOR THE REST OF THE
EXTENDED PERIOD...ALONG WITH MAINLY DRY CONDITIONS.

&&

.AVIATION...FOR THE 00Z TAFS THROUGH 00Z WEDNESDAY
ISSUED AT 500 PM MDT TUE JUL 22 2014

ISOLATED TO SCATTERED THUNDERSTORMS WILL BE FOUND ACROSS PARTS OF
NORTHEASTERN WYOMING AND WESTERN SOUTH DAKTOA THROUGH MUCH OF THE
EVENING. SOME THUNDERSTORMS MAY BE SEVERE WITH LARGE HAIL AND STRONG
WIND GUSTS. AFTER THE THUNDERSTORMS DISSIPATE VFR CONDITIONS WILL
PREVAIL THROUGH THE REST OF THE NIGHT AND ON WEDNESDAY. ISOLATED
THUNDERSTORMS ARE POSSIBLE OVER NORTHESTERN WYOMING AND FAR WESTERN
SOUTH DAKOTA ON WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON.

&&

.UNR WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
SD...NONE.
WY...NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...10
LONG TERM...26
AVIATION...26








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