Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Rapid City, SD

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000
FXUS63 KUNR 232318
AFDUNR

Area Forecast Discussion For Western SD and Northeastern WY
National Weather Service Rapid City SD
418 PM MST Mon Jan 23 2017

.SHORT TERM...(This Evening Through Tuesday Night)
Issued at 154 PM MST Mon Jan 23 2017

Vigorous impulse and associated jet streak will shift quickly
east toward the region and support strong cyclogenesis over the
Plains tonight into Tuesday. FGEN/WAA response will support
widespread snow later tonight with periods of heavy snow across
the SE third Tues. Sfc pressure falls will support a tightening
pressure gradient in a CAA regime with increasing ll flow, esp in
the lee of the Black Hills where winds are expected to be
sustained at 25 to 30 with gusts to around 45 mph Tues. This will
support areas of blowing and drifting snow across much of the SD
plains.

LL easterly flow will support fog through much of the evening
over western SD, esp in the foothills region of the Black Hills.
UVM and WAA/FGEN will spread NE and support developing snow over
the far SW this evening, spread NE through the night. Long period
overlap of pos theta-e adv at the base of steep mid level lapse
rates centered in the DGZ will support a period of moderate to
heavy snowfall rates across scentral SD Tues, esp with a brief mid
level closed circulation. Potential CSI banding will also be an
issue over scentral SD further enhancing snowfall. Hence, this is
where the heaviest snowfall is expected with 6-10 inches likely,
some places could see around a foot easily, esp from Wanblee to
Winner. Snowfall amounts will drop to the west with adv criteria,
save for the northern Black Hills where some weak upslope
enhancement will support slightly higher totals around warning
criteria. Winds will be of concern on the SD plains, esp east and
south of the Black Hills where blowing and drifting snow will be a
concern. Given snow amounts and winds, have decided to upgrade
areas to a warning and issue an adv elsewhere.

Snow will quickly tapper off Tues eve from west to east, although
blowing snow will be an issue through much of the night, thus the
reason for the longer duration of the warning/adv through Tue
night on the SD plains.

.LONG TERM...(Wednesday Through Monday)
Issued at 154 PM MST Mon Jan 23 2017

Low pressure moves quickly away from the region by
Wednesday morning. However, the broad upper trough will remain
across the region Wednesday, with a chance for mostly upslope snow
showers over far northeast WY and the northern Black Hills area
through Wednesday into Thursday as upper level energy slides through
the area. Temperatures will be below average Wednesday and Thursday.
The upper trough will move out of the area toward the end of the
week with a ridge building over the western CONUS. Some moderation
to temperatures is expected through the weekend along with dry
weather.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS Through 00Z Tuesday Evening)
Issued At 413 PM MST Mon Jan 23 2017

Deck of IFR ST from far southeast MT to eastern slopes of the
Black Hills to central SD will sink south/southwest tonight
creating areas LIFR ST/FG. A storm system over UT will spread
deteriorating conditions across the rest of the CWA tonight with
-SN developing late evening and continuing through the period as
it spreads east. Widespread IFR conditions with areas LIFR
expected Tuesday due to SN. Gusty winds on the SD plains will
produce areas BLSN.

&&

.UNR WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
SD...Winter Storm Warning from 11 PM this evening to 11 PM MST
     Tuesday for SDZ024.

     Winter Storm Warning from 2 AM MST /3 AM CST/ Tuesday to 5 AM
     MST /6 AM CST/ Wednesday for SDZ032-043-044-046-047-049.

     Winter Storm Warning from 11 PM this evening to 5 AM MST
     Wednesday for SDZ027-030-031-041-042-073.

     Winter Weather Advisory from 11 PM this evening to 11 PM MST
     Tuesday for SDZ029.

     Winter Weather Advisory from 2 AM Tuesday to 5 AM MST Wednesday
     for SDZ012>014.

     Winter Weather Advisory from 11 PM this evening to 5 AM MST
     Wednesday for SDZ025-026-028-072-074.

WY...Winter Storm Warning from 11 PM this evening to 11 PM MST
     Tuesday for WYZ057.

     Winter Weather Advisory from 11 PM this evening to 11 PM MST
     Tuesday for WYZ055-056-058.

     Winter Weather Advisory from 2 AM Tuesday to 5 AM MST Wednesday
     for WYZ071.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...JC
LONG TERM...13
AVIATION...Helgeson


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