Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Grand Rapids, MI

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FXUS63 KGRR 300818
AFDGRR

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GRAND RAPIDS MI
318 AM EST FRI JAN 30 2015

LATEST UPDATE...
SYNOPSIS/SHORT TERM/LONG TERM/HYDRO

.SYNOPSIS...
ISSUED AT 318 AM EST FRI JAN 30 2015

A COLD FRONT MOVED THROUGH LAST NIGHT BRINGING WITH IT GUSTY WINDS
AND SOME LIGHT SNOW. TODAY WILL BE COLDER WITH HIGHS AROUND 20 AND
LIGHT SNOW SHOWERS ALONG/WEST OF US-131.

A DEVELOPING STORM WILL MOVE ACROSS THE OHIO VALLEY SUNDAY BUT MAY
BE FAR ENOUGH NORTH TO GIVE SOUTHWEST LOWER MICHIGAN ACCUMULATING
SNOW. COLD AIR WITH HIGHS IN THE MID TEENS IS EXPECTED SUNDAY AND
MONDAY BEFORE WARMER TEMPERATURES MOVE IN BY TUESDAY.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(TODAY THROUGH SUNDAY)
ISSUED AT 318 AM EST FRI JAN 30 2015

FORECAST CONCERNS DEAL WITH A POTENTIAL STORM SUNDAY AND TO A LESSER
DEGREE LIGHT SNOW TODAY.

AS MENTIONED ABOVE A COLD FRONT MOVED THROUGH THE CWA A FEW HOURS
AGO. TEMPS ARE IN THE LOWER 20S AND WILL FALL A FEW MORE DEGREES
BEFORE MORNING. EXPECT COLDER TEMPS TODAY THAN YESTERDAY. HIGHS WILL
BE AROUND 20. RADAR SHOWS LIGHT LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS MOVING SSE
ACROSS THE CWA. INSTABILITY IS PRETTY GOOD WITH H8 TEMPS NEAR -17C
FLOWING OVER THE LAKE. THIS COLD AIR IS VERY TRANSITORY AND WILL
MOVE EAST TODAY PUTTING AN END TO THE SHSN BY LATE IN THE DAY.
BUFKIT RH PROFILES SHOW VERY SHALLOW MOISTURE WITH NOT MUCH LIFT SO
ANY ACCUMS WILL BE LESS THAN AN INCH.

HIGH PRESSURE WILL MOVE ACROSS THE CWA THIS EVENING AND SKIES MAY
BRIEFLY SCATTER BEFORE HIGHER CLOUDS ARRIVE IN THE WARM ADVECTION
PATTERN THAT WILL DEVELOP LATE TONIGHT. IT/S POSSIBLE TEMPS COULD
BRIEFLY DIP TO AROUND 10 TONIGHT BEFORE RISING AS CLOUDS MOVE IN BUT
THAT ISN`T CERTAIN AND I DIDN`T GO THAT LOW IN THE GRIDS EXCEPT IN
THE FAR NORTHEAST CORNER WHERE CLOUDS WILL BE THE LAST TO MOVE
OVER.

ANOTHER COLD FRONT WILL DROP SOUTH SATURDAY AND WE COULD SEE SOME
LIGHT SNOW FROM IT. BUT MOISTURE ISN/T IMPRESSIVE AND SO LITTLE IF
ANY ACCUMS EXPECTED.

THE GREATER CHANCE OF SNOW WILL COME SUNDAY WHEN A SOUTHERN STREAM
STORM MOVES OUT OF THE SOUTHERN PLAINS TOWARD THE OHIO VALLEY. MODEL
TRENDS HAVE BEEN A SLIGHT NUDGE TO THE NORTH. WE/VE INCREASED POPS
CONSIDERABLY SUNDAY OVER THE SOUTHERN HALF OF THE CWA. NAM BRINGS IN
SNOW LATE SATURDAY NIGHT AND CONTINUES THROUGH SUNDAY. WE MAY NEED
HEADLINES FOR THIS SYSTEM IF THE CURRENT TRACK HOLDS UP. SEVERAL
INCHES OF ACCUMULATION LOOKS POSSIBLE ESPECIALLY ALONG/SOUTH OF
I-94.

.LONG TERM...(SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY)
ISSUED AT 318 AM EST FRI JAN 30 2015

CLEARING FOLLOWED BY COLD TEMPERATURES STILL EXPECTED MONDAY MORNING
OVER INTERIOR OF CENTRAL/NORTHERN LOWER MI WITH LOWS OF 10 BELOW OR
COLDER POSSIBLE IN SPOTS. FARTHER SOUTH TOWARDS I-94...SNOW WILL BE
EXITING THE AREA.

AFTER ANEMIC PROSPECTS FOR LAKE EFFECT SNOW MONDAY...POTENTIAL FOR
LAKE ENHANCED SNOW STEADILY INCREASES MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY
NIGHT WITH THE ARRIVAL OF A COMPACT UPPER POT VORT ANOMALY. TUESDAY
NIGHT ESPECIALLY COULD SEE A QUICK AND INTENSE CONVECTIVE BURST OF
SNOW WITH THE UPPER SYSTEM AND ENSUING ARCTIC COLD FRONT.

WEDNESDAY EVENING ALSO LOOKS INTERESTING WITH POTENTIAL IMPACTS TO
TRAVEL AS A REINFORCING COLD FRONT AND ATTENDANT DEEP MOISTURE ARE
ADVERTISED BY BOTH THE ECMWF/GFS TO PUSH THROUGH THE AREA. WE HAVE
SEEN RUN TO RUN CONSISTENCY WITH THE ECMWF AND NOW AGREEMENT WITH
THE GFS REGARDING THIS. CERTAINTY IS THEREFORE BUMPED UP A NOTCH BUT
STILL LOW OVERALL SINCE WE ARE DEALING WITH A DAY 5/6 FORECAST.
WE CAN SAY WITH BETTER CONFIDENCE THAT THE LATTER HALF OF THE WEEK
WILL BE SEASONABLY COLD IN THE WAKE OF THE FRONT.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 06Z TAFS THROUGH 06Z FRIDAY NIGHT)
ISSUED AT 1159 PM EST THU JAN 29 2015

THE TREND OVERNIGHT WILL BE FOR VFR CONDITIONS TO BECOME MORE
WIDESPREAD DUE TO THE ARRIVAL OF A DRIER (AND MUCH COLDER) AIR
MASS FROM THE NORTH. HOWEVER MKG MAY SEE OCNL IFR VSBYS CONTINUE AS
LAKE EFFECT SNOW SHOWERS CLIP THE COAST.

SNOW SHOWERS INLAND FROM LAKE MICHIGAN AT MIDNIGHT ARE EXPECTED
TO END BY 4 AM OR SO AND SEVERAL TERMINALS MAY ACTUALLY SEE SKIES
BECOME SCATTERED BEFORE DAYBREAK. ANY CLEARING THAT TAKES PLACE
LATE TONIGHT AND FRIDAY MORNING WILL PROBABLY FILL BACK IN ON
FRIDAY AFTERNOON. HOWEVER CLOUD BASES SHOULD BE MOSTLY VFR.

GUSTY NORTH-NORTHWEST WINDS FOR A FEW MORE HOURS WILL RESULT IN
CONTINUED LOW LEVEL TURBULENCE... BUT THE WINDS WILL DIMINISH TO
AROUND 10 KTS VERY LATE TONIGHT INTO FRIDAY.


&&

.HYDROLOGY...
ISSUED AT 318 AM EST FRI JAN 30 2015

ICE FORMATION IS THE MAIN CONCERN DURING THE NEXT FEW DAYS. HIGHS IN
AROUND 20 TODAY AND AROUND 15 SUNDAY AND MONDAY WILL BE FAVORABLE
FOR ICE DEVELOPMENT.

&&

.GRR WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MI...NONE.
LM...NONE.
&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...93
SHORT TERM...93
LONG TERM...TJT
AVIATION...MEADE
HYDROLOGY...93










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