Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Grand Rapids, MI

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000
FXUS63 KGRR 130318
AFDGRR

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GRAND RAPIDS MI
1118 PM EDT SAT APR 12 2014

LATEST UPDATE...
HYDRO

.SYNOPSIS...
ISSUED AT 329 PM EDT SAT APR 12 2014

ROUNDS OF SHOWERS AND STORMS ARE EXPECTED FROM TONIGHT THROUGH
MONDAY MORNING. A FLOOD WATCH IS IN PLACE FOR MUCH OF SOUTHWEST
LOWER MICHIGAN. THE HEAVIEST RAINS ARE EXPECTED TO FALL NORTH OF A
LINE FROM SOUTH HAVEN TO ALMA...BUT ALL AREAS ARE IN LINE TO SEE AS
MUCH AS AN INCH OF RAIN. SOME LOCATIONS ACROSS CENTRAL LOWER
MICHIGAN MAY SEE PRECIPITATION TOTALS EXCEED THREE INCHES BY MONDAY
AFTERNOON. IT WILL CONTINUE TO BE MILD INTO SUNDAY BEFORE COLDER AIR
WORKS INTO THE REGION ON NORTH WINDS FOR MONDAY. HIGHS ON TUESDAY
WILL LIKELY HOLD IN THE 30S WHICH WILL BE A STARK CONTRAST TO THE
70S WE SAW ACROSS SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF THE AREA TODAY.

&&

.UPDATE...
ISSUED AT 840 PM EDT SAT APR 12 2014

NO SIGNIFICANT FCST OR FLOOD WATCH HEADLINE CHANGES ARE NEEDED
THIS EVENING. KGRR/RGNL RADAR TRENDS SHOW ANOTHER BATCH OF STRONG
THUNDERSTORMS OVER OUR NW FCST AREA THAT WILL CONTINUE TO TRACK
EAST ACROSS OUR NORTHERN COUNTIES THROUGH THE MID TO LATE EVENING
HOURS WITH HEAVY RAIN AND POTENTIAL FOR LARGE HAIL WITH STRONGEST
ELEVATED STORMS. THUNDERSTORMS WILL ALSO CONTINUE TO DEVELOP ACROSS
SOUTHERN WI AND TRACK EAST TO AFFECT AREAS NEAR TO MAINLY NORTH OF
I-96 OVERNIGHT.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(THIS EVENING THROUGH MONDAY)
ISSUED AT 329 PM EDT SAT APR 12 2014

MAIN FOCUS CONTINUES TO BE ON THE HYDRO/FLOODING THREAT THE NEXT
SEVERAL DAYS. MAINTAINED THE FLOOD WATCH AS IS...GIVEN THE MODELS
REMAINING VERY CONSISTENT WITH CENTRAL LOWER MICHIGAN AS THE MAIN
THREAT AREA. FEEL GOOD THOUGH THAT WE HAVE A BUFFER AREA TO THE
SOUTH DOWN TO ALLEGAN...KENT...IONIA AND GRATIOT COUNTIES AS
CONVECTION CAN BE QUITE FICKLE IN TERMS OF PLACEMENT AT TIMES.
BURSTS OF CONVECTION WILL BE TIED TO MID LEVEL SHORTWAVES AND 850MB
LLJ AND MOISTURE TRANSPORT. FIRST PEAK IN THE 850MB LLJ IS UNDERWAY
AT THIS TIME AND WE ARE SEEING CONVECTION EXPANDING ACROSS CENTRAL
LOWER MICHIGAN AT THIS TIME. FEEL WE WILL LIKELY SEE ANOTHER PEAK IN
ACTIVITY LATER TONIGHT INTO SUNDAY MORNING AS IOWA CONVECTION THIS
EVENING ROLLS EAST INTO THE AREA OVERNIGHT. THERE MAY BE A LULL IN
THE ACTIVITY SUNDAY MORNING...BUT THE MOST WIDESPREAD AND HEAVIEST
RAIN WILL LIKELY OCCUR SUNDAY AFTERNOON AND SUNDAY NIGHT AS A STRONG
LLJ MAX WORKS THROUGH THE AREA. ALL MODELS ARE SHOWING A 60+ KNOT
LLJ SLIDING THROUGH THE AREA. WE WILL NEED TO KEEP AN EYE ON WIND
GUST POTENTIAL GIVEN THESE WINDS ALOFT...BUT STILL THINKING HEAVY
RAINS WILL BE THE MAIN THREAT AFTER WE GET BY HAIL POTENTIAL THIS
EVENING. COULD SEE SOME HAIL OUT OF THE ACTIVITY THIS EVENING AS
CELLS ARE INTERACTING WITH THE WARM FRONT AND ACQUIRING BETTER
ORGANIZATION.

RAIN WILL GRADUALLY BEGIN TO CHANGE OVER TO SOME WET SNOW ON MONDAY
AS COLDER AIR FILTERS IN BEHIND THE SOUTHEAST MOVING FRONTAL
BOUNDARY. WE COULD SEE SOME SLUSHLY LIGHT ACCUMULATIONS ON
MONDAY...BUT NOT THINKING MORE THAN AN INCH OR SO AT THIS POINT.

.LONG TERM...(MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY)
ISSUED AT 329 PM EDT SAT APR 12 2014

LOW PRESSURE WILL BE PULLING AWAY AND COLDER AIR POURING INTO THE
CWA MONDAY NIGHT. BASED ON FORECAST SOUNDINGS...STARTED OFF PCPN AS
SNOW. AS PCPN HANGS ON LONGEST OVER THE SE CWA...WE COULD SEE AROUND
AN INCH ACCUMULATION MONDAY NIGHT.

H8 TEMPS FALL TO -14C EARLY TUESDAY SUGGESTING ENOUGH INSTABILITY
POSSIBLE FOR LAKE EFFECT SNOW. HOWEVER...THE DGZ IS NARROW AND
LOWERING RAPIDLY DURING THIS TIME FRAME AS MOISTURE CONTINUES TO
DIMINISH. I THINK ANY ACCUMS WILL BE UNDER AN INCH. CERTAINLY TEMPS
WILL BE COLD WITH HIGHS ONLY IN THE 30S.

THIS TIME OF YEAR COLD INTRUSIONS DON/T LAST LONG AND THIS WILL BE
NO DIFFERENT. LOW PRESSURE IN THE NORTHERN PLAINS WILL QUICKLY PUSH
WARMER AIR NORTHWARD. HIGHS IN THE 40S WEDNESDAY AND 50S THURSDAY
ARE EXPECTED. AS THAT LOW MOVES EASTWARD...CHANCES FOR RAIN WILL
INCREASE.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 00Z TAFS THROUGH 00Z SUNDAY EVENING)
ISSUED AT 737 PM EDT SAT APR 12 2014

THUNDERSTORMS WILL PERSIST FOR MUCH OF THE NIGHT THROUGH SOUTHWEST
LOWER MI. AVIATION IMPACTS ARE EXPECTED...ESPECIALLY KMKG TO KGRR
AND KLAN...ALTHOUGH THE STORMS COULD END UP JUST NORTH OF THESE
LOCATIONS. WINDS WILL CONTINUE TO BE ERRATIC...BUT AN OVERALL
TREND TOWARD SOUTHEAST TO SOUTH FLOW IS EXPECTED TONIGHT. AS MORE
MOISTURE ARRIVES...CEILINGS WILL LOWER...AND IFR COULD ARRIVE BY
DAYBREAK. WE COULD SEE A BREAK IN THE STORMS LATE TONIGHT INTO SUN
AM...BUT A RESURGENCE IN THE CONVECTION IS EXPECTED SUNDAY
AFTERNOON WITH CONTINUED IMPACTS.


&&

.HYDROLOGY...
ISSUED AT 1057 PM EDT SAT APR 12 2014

TRAINING CELLS CONTINUE JUST NORTH OF A MUSKEGON TO GRAND RAPIDS
TO LANSING LINE. IT IS LIKELY THAT FLOODING IS OCCURRING IN SOME
PLACES WITH CONDITIONS EXPECTED TO WORSEN OVERNIGHT. INITIALLY
RADAR WAS OVERESTIMATING THE PRECIPITATION...HOWEVER WITH DEEPER
MOISTURE NOW IN PLACE THE CELLS WILL BE MORE EFFICIENT THROUGH THE
NIGHT. THE COUNTY LINE BETWEEN OCEANA AND MUSKEGON COUNTIES LIKELY
HAS SEEN THE MOST RAINFALL SO FAR.

ADDITIONAL STORMS STRETCH INTO WISCONSIN SO THESE ROUNDS OF HEAVY
RAIN WILL PERSIST INTO LATE NIGHT.

AS FOR THE LARGER RIVERS...SEEMS LIKE THE SITUATION IS GOING DOWN
AS EXPECTED...SO NO MAJOR CHANGES WITH THE EVENING UPDATE. PLENTY
OF POTENTIAL FOR MODERATE FLOODING IN PLACES AND AN ELEVATED RISK
FOR MAJOR FLOODING. EVART AND CROTON RISE INTO MODERATE FLOODING.
UNCERTAINTY EXISTS WHERE THE SUNDAY CONVECTION WILL ULTIMATELY
SET UP. THIS WILL NEED TO BE MONITORED CLOSELY.


&&

.GRR WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MI...FLOOD WATCH THROUGH MONDAY MORNING FOR MIZ037>040-043>046-
     050>052-056>058-064.

LM...NONE.
&&

$$

UPDATE...LAURENS
SYNOPSIS...DUKE
SHORT TERM...DUKE
LONG TERM...93
AVIATION...MJS
HYDROLOGY...MJS






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