Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Des Moines, IA

Current Version | Previous Version | Graphics & Text | Print | Product List | Glossary Off
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

000
FXUS63 KDMX 151138
AFDDMX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
National Weather Service Des Moines IA
538 AM CST Sun Jan 15 2017

.SHORT TERM.../Today through Tonight/
Issued at 426 AM CST Sun Jan 15 2017

Surface high pressure is centered over eastern Iowa and into
Wisconsin and northern Illinois with generally light and
variable winds across the state. Dew points are still low and
ranging from around 10 north to the low 20s south and a
significant dry layer resides below 700 mb. Mid-level cloudiness
has increased in response to a plume of Pacific moisture lifting
northeast ahead of a closed low that has dropped into the Sonora
region of Mexico. This system will lift rapidly northeast today
and tonight and be over Oklahoma by 6 am Monday morning. This will
allow low level moisture transport to begin to lift north into
the state today with saturation occurring over the south by this
afternoon.

A wintry mix of precipitation will occur along the leading edge as
the warm air aloft gradually arrives and deepens and eventually
the max wet bulbs aloft will reach 3C for complete melting to
occur which will fall as freezing rain with surface temperatures
still remaining below freezing. Freezing rain should reach into
north central Iowa by 6 am Monday and extend south into the
remainder of the forecast area. The precipitation intensity should
increase after 06z with the arrival of kinematic forcing with
short wave fragments arriving ahead of the main energy. Flat ice
will be the primary hazard due to the very cold ground
temperatures which will allow quick freezing on untreated surfaces
and may result in very hazardous travel. Line ice is a secondary
threat though the lack of wind will lessen ice ratios due to the
lack of good thermal cooling of the rain and will allow for more
drip off.

.LONG TERM.../Monday through Saturday/
Issued at 426 AM CST Sun Jan 15 2017

Ongoing ice storm Monday into Monday evening across much of the
forecast area was the primary focus over the extended period with
well above normal temperatures anticipated late this week. The
biggest change to the forecast was lowered temperatures during
the day Monday and thus adding to the potential for more ice
accrual across central portions of the CWA. Therefore, added a
column of counties to the east into the Ice Storm Warning to
incorporate the Des Moines/Ames Metro areas.

Monday into Tuesday...strong upper low spinning over the Desert
Southwest will progress east-northeast over the next 36-48 hours
and track across the Missouri/Iowa border throughout the day
Monday into Monday evening. The system will move east of the area
by sunrise Tuesday morning. A large plume of deep moisture covers
much of the state Monday with a substantial warm layer aloft
between 2000 to 7000 feet and even deeper in southern portions of
Iowa Monday morning. The maximum temperature aloft ranges from
around +2C over the far northwest to +8C in the southeast by
Monday afternoon. Certainly plenty of depth of the warm layer to
allow complete melting. The surface temperatures remain at or
below freezing for much of the morning over the CWA and into the
afternoon hours across the northern half. As mentioned above,
lowered maximum temperatures Monday due to the east-northeast
cyclonic flow with the approaching surface low pressure. This
should aid in the evaporative cooling process and keep
temperatures from warming too drastically. Models are in good
agreement with the slightly cooler temperatures, especially west
to east across the central portions of the CWA from around Highway
20 to just south of Interstate 80 corridors. In addition, surface
dew points and wetbulb temperatures remain steady near the
temperatures, which look to remain around freezing for much of the
morning hours Monday. Nudged up the the ice accumulation totals
slightly in this location, resulting in the addition of more
counties to the east. Impacts for travel will be significant
during the Monday morning commute (particularly rush hour) across
much of the warned area. Also with the onset of precipitation,
there still remains a brief window of some sleet mixed into the
band as it transitions northward. However, the primary
precipitation type remains freezing rain across the forecast area.
The southeast looks to warm enough above freezing for the
precipitation to switch to just rain by the afternoon hours
Monday. However, with the lack of snow covered and fairly cold
temperatures as of late, road temperatures are likely to remain
below freezing. Thus there still remains the potential for some
freezing on contact through the afternoon hours on roads surfaces.

The strong forcing begins to shift eastward by 03z Tuesday along
with the deep moisture to allow for ice introduction across the
west to northwest Monday night. Light snow accumulation remain
possible before the column loses ice introduction which should
transition the precipitation to FZDZ overnight into Tuesday
morning over northern Iowa.

Another clipper system quickly ejects out of Canada and looks to
move across the region Tuesday night into Wednesday. However, this
system is moisture starved and thus have left forecast dry attm.

Wednesday through Saturday...Unseasonably warm temperatures begin to
build into the region Wednesday and will last through the
remainder of the work week into the weekend. 850mb temperatures
warm to around +10C by Thursday afternoon with decent southwest
flow and mixing providing a nice warm up. Late in the week, the
region remains in south to southwest flow aloft with several weak
shortwaves ride the flow to impact the state. Periods of rain/snow
are possible Friday into Saturday.

&&

.AVIATION.../For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Monday morning/
Issued at 538 AM CST Sun Jan 15 2017

Mainly VFR conditions this morning though a localized IFR/MVFR
cigs is possible near KMCW. Winter precipitation will begin to
move into southern sites late this afternoon and into the evening
then expand north overnight. Cigs will lower to IFR to LIFR at
times over southern Iowa. Precipitation will transition to
freezing rain at KDSM/KOTM overnight and the transition may reach
KFOD and KALO late in the period.

&&

.DMX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
Ice Storm Warning from 9 PM this evening to midnight CST Monday
night for IAZ023-033>035-044>048-057>060.

Winter Weather Advisory from 9 PM this evening to midnight CST
Monday night for IAZ024>028-036>039-049-050-061-062.

Ice Storm Warning from 3 PM this afternoon to 6 PM CST Monday
for IAZ070>073-081>084-092>095.

Winter Weather Advisory from 3 PM this afternoon to 6 PM CST
Monday for IAZ074-075-085-086-096-097.

Winter Weather Advisory from midnight tonight to midnight CST
Monday night for IAZ004>007-015>017.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...Donavon
LONG TERM...Podrazik
AVIATION...Donavon


USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.