Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Milwaukee/Sullivan, WI

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FXUS63 KMKX 191942
AFDMKX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Milwaukee/Sullivan WI
242 PM CDT Sat Aug 19 2017

.SHORT TERM...

Tonight and Sunday...Forecast confidence is high:

High pressure will slowly slide eastward tonight into Sunday. The
high will hold on long enough for mostly clear skies tonight into
Sunday morning. Will probably see some fog again later tonight
into early Sun morning.

Diurnal cumulus likely again tomorrow, along with increasing
clouds from the west later in the day as a weak shortwave
approaches. May see a few showers/storms mainly in the west by
late afternoon given marginal lift from the waves along with
increasing moisture and instability. Should be a little warmer
tomorrow, as 925 mb temps increase to 22-24C by afternoon. This
will likely yield mid 80s for highs most places.

Sunday Night and Monday...Forecast confidence is Medium.

The upper level flow is zonal with a weak lead shortwave across
Lake Superior and northern Wisconsin Sunday evening. Weak to
moderate upper level divergence. The 700 mb upward motion is
moderate Sunday night and somewhat weaker Monday.

A 20 degree 850 celsius thermal ridge extends across northern
illinois, and a little into southern Wisconsin. The surface
boundary on the GFS is near southern or central Wisconsin. The
NAM and especially the ECMWF is farther south, with the ECMWF
dropping it into northern Illinois Monday.

All three models have some rain Sunday night, with Monday having a
lesser chance. being problematic, with the models developing a
large MCS over Iowa on Monday. Therefore clouds will likely
affect viewing the eclipse in southern Wisconsin on Monday.

Zero to 1 km mixed layer CAPE is near 1400 Joules/kg Sunday
evening, although surface to 3 km lapse rates are only 5.2
Celsius/KM. there are steeper lapse rates above 850 mb, so
elevated thunderstorms are possible.

By Monday Zero to 1 km mixed layer CAPE are near 2000 Joules/kg
with only an initial weak cap, that weakens late in the afternoon.
Stability parameters and shear indicate a marginal severe threat.

.LONG TERM...

Monday night and Tuesday... Forecast confidence is High.

The zonal flow becomes more southwest Monday night and Tuesday
ahead of a strong shortwave across south central Canada and the
Northern Plains.

The shortwave will push across Wisconsin Tuesday night.

A surface trough/warm front will be near southern Wisconsin
Monday Night before a strong cold front exits Tuesday morning.

Showers and scattered storms are expected Monday night, ending
Tuesday morning. Look for brisk northwest winds Tuesday.

Wednesday through Saturday...Forecast confidence is High.

A large mid/upper level trough is expected over Southeast canada
and the eastern Great Lakes Wednesday, that slowly reaches the
northeast U.S. Thursday night. A shortwave should drop down
across the western Great Lakes Thursday night and into friday

The cool north wind should diminish Wednesday, with high pressure
and cooler air Thursday. The high is expected to be over the
Great Lakes into saturday.

&&

.AVIATION(18Z TAFS)...

Tonight and Sunday...Forecast confidence is high:

High pressure will slowly slide eastward tonight into Sunday. The
high will hold on long enough for mostly clear skies tonight into
Sunday morning. Will probably see some fog again later tonight
into early Sun morning.

Diurnal cumulus likely again tomorrow, along with increasing
clouds from the west later in the day as a weak shortwave
approaches. May see a few showers/storms mainly in the west by
late afternoon given marginal lift from the waves along with
increasing moisture and instability. Should be a little warmer
tomorrow, as 925 mb temps increase to 22-24C by afternoon. This
will likely yield mid 80s for highs most places.

&&

.MARINE...

Quiet conditions are expected this weekend under high
pressure.

&&

.MKX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
WI...None.
LM...None.
&&

$$

Tonight/Sunday and Aviation/Marine...DDV
Sunday Night through Saturday...Hentz



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