Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Twin Cities, MN

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000
FXUS63 KMPX 290931
AFDMPX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TWIN CITIES/CHANHASSEN MN
431 AM CDT FRI AUG 29 2014

.SHORT TERM...(TODAY AND TONIGHT)
ISSUED AT 338 AM CDT FRI AUG 29 2014

RATHER UGLY MORNING OUT THERE IN TERMS OF AVIATION...WITH PLENTIFUL
AMOUNTS OF LOW CIGS AND FOG OUT AHEAD OF A WARM FRONT THAT WAS
STARTING TO MAKE PROGRESS NORTH INTO MN AND AT 3 AM WAS NEAR THE
I-90 CORRIDOR. BESIDE THE LOW CLOUDS...ISENTROPIC LIFT AND ELEVATED
INSTABILITY ADVECTION ASSOCIATED WITH A MODEST 20-30 KT SWRLY LLJ
HAS ALLOWED FOR AN AREA SHOWERS/THUNDERSTORMS TO MOVE NNE ACROSS THE
AREA. THE HRRR HAS HAD A GOOD HANDEL ON THIS ACTIVITY
OVERNIGHT...AND FOLLOWED IT FAIRLY CLOSELY TO TIME THIS MORNINGS
BATCH OF ACTIVITY THROUGH THE AREA. THIS BATCH OF RAIN LOOKS TO BE
MOSTLY NORTH OF THE MPX AREA BY 15Z...WITH A BRIEF BREAK IN PRECIP
EXPECTED UNTIL THUNDERSTORMS GET GOING AGAIN LATER IN THE AFTERNOON.

FOR THE AFTERNOON...WE WILL BE DEALING WITH A RATHER MESSY SFC
PATTERN AS THE MESO LOW CURRENTLY NEAR SIOUX FALLS WASHES OUT OVER
MN AS IT GETS ABSORBED BY THE MAIN COLD FRONT...WHICH WAS STILL BACK
ACROSS WRN NODAK. BIGGEST CHANGE SEEN FROM THE 28.12 TO THE 29.00
MODEL RUNS WAS A WHOLESALE SLOWING OF THE FRONT/SFC TROUGH ACROSS
THE AREA. THIS HAS RESULTED IN HIGHER POPS BEING PUSHED BACK WEST
THIS AFTERNOON...AS WHAT WAS LOOKING LIKE WAS MAINLY GOING TO BE A
SHOW FOR AREAS ALONG/EAST OF I-35 IS NOW MORE OF AN ALONG/EAST OF A
ST. CLOUD TO FAIRMONT LINE. THE HI-RES MODELS THAT LOOK TO ADHERE
TO WHAT IS SEEN FORCING WISE WITH THE DETERMINISTIC MODELS THE BEST
ARE THE 29.00 NMM AND MPX WRFS...WHICH BOTH SHOW STORMS FORMING WEST
OF THE TWIN CITIES BETWEEN 19-21Z AND MOVING EAST FROM THERE AS A
BROKEN LINE OF STORMS. ONE THING THAT HAS NOT CHANGED...IS THE MOST
WIDESPREAD RAIN/HIGHEST AMOUNTS LOOK TO FALL ACROSS SE MN/WRN WI AS
THE AFTERNOON ACTIVITY TO THE WEST OF I-35 CONGEALS INTO A BROADER
MASS EAST OF I-35.

STILL NOT ANTICIPATING MUCH IN THE WAY OF SEVERE WEATHER TODAY
EITHER...AS CLOUD COVER LOOKS TO BE EXTENSIVE...WHICH WILL LIMIT THE
DEGREE OF DESTABILIZATION WE SEE BY THE AFTERNOON. IN ADDITION...MID
LEVEL LAPSE RATES WILL REMAIN RATHER WEAK...FURTHER POINTING TO
INSTABILITY SOMEWHAT LACKING WHEN IT COMES TO THE SEVERE WEATHER
POTENTIAL. BESIDE THE INSTABILITY...THE SFC PATTERN LOOKS TO BE
RATHER DIFFUSE...WITH NO CLEAR FOCUS EXISTING FOR THUNDERSTORM
ACTIVITY /SEE FRONT SUNDAY FOR A CLEAR FOCUS FOR THUNDERSTORM
DEVELOPMENT/. WITH THAT SAID...BULK SHEAR WILL BE UP IN THE 30-40 KT
RANGE AHEAD OF THE SFC TROUGH...SUFFICIENT ENOUGH TO ALLOW FOR A
MULTI-CELL CLUSTER OR TWO TO PULSE UP ENOUGH TO POSE AN ISOLATED
WIND/HAIL THREAT TODAY.

FOR HIGHS TODAY...THERE IS ADMITTEDLY SOME BUST POTENTIAL WITH THE
CURRENT FORECAST OF HIGHS IN THE 70S AS THAT IS PREDICATED ON CLOUD
COVER BEING DOMINATE TODAY. IF WE INSTEAD GET SOME DECENT SUN BEFORE
STORMS DEVELOP THIS AFTERNOON...THEN HIGHS IN THE LOWER/MID 80S WILL
BE MORE COMMON.

FOR TONIGHT...SHOWER AND THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY LOOKS SLOWLY CLEAR
OUT TO THE EAST...WITH TO MUCH LEFT OUTSIDE OF SOME DRIZZLE IN WRN
WI BY 12Z SATURDAY. HOWEVER...THE SFC THROUGH/FRONT WILL BE VERY
SLOW IN WORKING ACROSS THE AREA...WITH PLENTIFUL LOW LEVEL MOISTURE
LOOKING TO HANG AROUND MOST OF THE NIGHT. THIS SHOULD ALLOW FOR
ANOTHER ROUND OF LOW STRATUS AND FOG TO EXPAND ACROSS THE AREA
TONIGHT...WHICH IN TURN WILL HELP KEEP LOWS UP MAINLY IN THE
MID/UPPER 60S.

.LONG TERM...(SATURDAY THROUGH THURSDAY)
ISSUED AT 338 AM CDT FRI AUG 29 2014

THE MAIN STORY IN THE EXTENDED IS THE SYSTEM EXPECTED SUNDAY
AFTERNOON AND SUNDAY NIGHT WITH THE HIGH LIKELIHOOD OF WIDESPREAD
THUNDERSTORMS AND THE POTENTIAL FOR SEVERE WEATHER. THE RAIN
SHOULD CLEAR EARLY ON LABOR DAY...LEAVING MAINLY DRY WEATHER
ACROSS THE FORECAST AREA THROUGH AT LEAST MID WEEK.

THE TROUGH EXPECTED TO MOVE ACROSS THE NORTHERN CONUS SUN-MON AND
BRING WIDESPREAD THUNDERSTORMS TO THE NATION`S MID SECTION IS
ALREADY AN ESTABLISHED CIRCULATION WITH A WELL-DEFINED PV FEATURE
IN THE GULF OF ALASKA THIS MORNING. THE TROUGH WILL DIG SOUTHEAST
OVER THE NEXT 48 HOURS AND DEVELOP MORE OF A NEGATIVE TILT BEFORE
LIFTING NORTH TOWARD HUDSON BAY MONDAY NIGHT. THE JET STRUCTURE
SUPPORTS WIDESPREAD UPPER DIVERGENCE AND 500MB 12-HR HEIGHT FALLS
BETWEEN 80-100M SLIP ACROSS NORTHERN MN SUNDAY NIGHT. LOWER IN THE
ATMOSPHERE...850-700MB FGEN INCREASES IN WESTERN MN NEAR OR JUST
AFTER 18Z ON SUNDAY. THE BOUNDARY MAKES GRADUAL PROGRESS TO THE
EAST FROM 18Z SUNDAY UNTIL 12Z MONDAY. A SLOWLY DEEPENING AND
EASTWARD-MOVING SURFACE CYCLONE PRODUCES 4-6MB 6-HR MSLP PRESSURE
FALLS ACROSS THE FORECAST AREA ON SUNDAY. CONVECTIVE INITIATION
SHOULD NOT BE A PROBLEM...IN FACT...STORMS SHOULD ALREADY BE
ONGOING IN THE EASTERN DAKOTAS SATURDAY MORNING. ELEVATED
CONVECTION SHOULD TRANSITION TO MORE SURFACE BASED CONVECTION WITH
HEATING AND THE LIKELY ESTABLISHMENT OF LARGE LINE SEGMENTS OR
CLUSTERS OF THUNDERSTORMS DUE TO THE LARGE-SCALE FORCING. THE DEEP
LAYER SHEAR SHOULD BE GOOD ENOUGH TO ORGANIZE STORMS INTO MULTCELL
WITH EMBEDDED SUPERCELLS /EVEN IF THEY EXIST IN LINES/. THE
INSTABILITY SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT TO SUPPORT STRONG UPDRAFTS. IT
LOOKS PRIMARILY LIKE A WIND AND HAIL THREAT IN THE AFTERNOON AND
EVENING HOURS ACROSS MN. BOTH THE NAM AND GFS HAVE 0-3KM SHEAR ON
THE ORDER OF 25-40KTS FROM 18Z-06Z ACROSS THE FORECAST AREA. THE
SEVERE THREAT DIMINISHES IN WI GIVEN THE LOSS OF INSTABILITY
SUNDAY NIGHT AND QUICKLY NORTHWARD LIFTING SURFACE LOW. BEYOND THE
WEEKEND...THE TROUGH FLATTENS OUT AND WE`RE LEFT WITH A RELATIVELY
DRY AND COOL WESTERLY FLOW PATTERN THROUGH AT LEAST MID WEEK.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 06Z TAFS THROUGH 06Z FRIDAY NIGHT)
ISSUED AT 1155 PM CDT THU AUG 28 2014

IFR OR LIFR CONDITIONS WILL PERSIST THROUGH THE OVERNIGHT AND INTO
AT LEAST MID MORNING FRIDAY...WITH THE WORST CONDITIONS ACROSS
SOUTHERN AND WESTERN MINNESOTA. MODELS SHOW A SOMEWHAT RAPID
IMPROVEMENT BY LATE MORNING...BUT AM A BIT SKEPTICAL GIVEN THE
AMPLE LOW LEVEL MOISTURE IN PLACE. WILL NEED TO WATCH TRENDS
OVERNIGHT. SCATTERED SHOWERS WILL ALSO CONTINUE TONIGHT...BECOMING
A BIT MORE WIDESPREAD ACROSS ERN MN AND WRN WI FRIDAY AFTERNOON.

KMSP...CIGS HAVE HAD A HARD TIME MAINTAINING IFR STATUS THIS
EVENING...BUT SURROUNDING OBS CONTINUE TO DETERIORATE AND BELIEVE
IT WON/T BE TOO MUCH LONGER THAT MSP WILL FINALLY JOIN THE IFR
CLUB. IMPROVEMENTS ARE CURRENTLY FORECAST BY LATE MORNING...BUT AS
ALLUDED TO ABOVE THIS MAY BE A BIT TOO OPTIMISTIC.

/OUTLOOK FOR KMSP/
SAT...VFR. WIND NNE AT 5-10 KTS.
SUN...VFR WITH MVFR/TSRA LATE. WINDS SSE AT 10KTS.
MON...VFR WITH MVFR/TSRA EARLY. WINDS W 10-15KTS.


&&

.MPX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MN...NONE.
WI...NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...MPG
LONG TERM...CLF
AVIATION...BORGHOFF






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