Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Grand Rapids, MI

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FXUS63 KGRR 221151
AFDGRR

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GRAND RAPIDS MI
751 AM EDT TUE JUL 22 2014

LATEST UPDATE...
AVIATION

.SYNOPSIS...
ISSUED AT 325 AM EDT TUE JUL 22 2014

IT WILL BE VERY WARM AND QUITE HUMID TODAY. A COLD FRONT WILL
BRING SCATTERED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS LATE THIS AFTERNOON
AND TONIGHT. A SIGNIFICANTLY COOLER AND DRIER AIR MASS WILL
MOVE IN BEHIND THAT FRONT FOR MID TO LATE WEEK.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(TODAY THROUGH THURSDAY)
ISSUED AT 325 AM EDT TUE JUL 22 2014

OUR PRIMARY SHORT TERM FCST CHALLENGE IS TO DETERMINE
CONVECTIVE/SEVERE WX POTENTIAL THIS AFTERNOON THROUGH TONIGHT.

IT WILL BE HOT AND HUMID TODAY WITH SOME SUN AND STRONG SSW FLOW
WAA HELPING TO BOOST MAX TEMPS INTO THE 85 TO 90 DEGREE RANGE THIS
AFTERNOON WITH DEW POINTS REACHING THE MID TO UPPER 60S. WE EXPECT
SEVERE CONVECTION OVER MN AND EXTREME NW WI EARLY THIS MORNING TO
TRACK ACROSS FAR NORTHERN WI AND THE U.P. THIS MORNING. HOWEVER THAT
ACTIVITY WILL STAY WELL TO THE NW OF OUR FCST AREA.

HOWEVER WE EXPECT A FEW SHOWERS AND TSTORMS TO DEVELOP OVER OUR
FAR NW FCST AREA BY LATE AFTN AS THE COLD FRONT MOVES INTO THAT
AREA. THE COLD FRONT WILL THEN MOVE QUICKLY ACROSS THE REST OF OUR
FCST AREA DURING THE MID TO LATE EVENING HOURS BRINGING SCATTERED
SHOWERS AND STORMS.

ISOLATED STRONG TO MARGINALLY SEVERE STORMS ARE POSSIBLE MAINLY
EARLY TO MID EVENING COINCIDENT WITH PEAK OR NEAR PEAK INSTABILITY
WITH POTENTIAL FOR SB/ML CAPE VALUES TO BRIEFLY REACH UP TO AS
HIGH AS 2000 J/KG FOR A SMALL PORTION OF OUR SOUTHWESTERN FCST
AREA. SHORT RANGE GUIDANCE HAS ALSO TRENDED FASTER WITH FRONTAL
TIMING THE PAST 24 HRS WHICH IS ALSO POTENTIALLY MORE FAVORABLE
FOR A FEW STRONGER STORMS. THE MOST LIKELY TIME FRAME FOR
CONVECTION IS FROM AROUND 23Z THIS EVENING THROUGH 05Z WEDNESDAY
AS SUGGESTED BY 00Z 4KM NSSL WRF AND LATEST HRRR SIM Z GUIDANCE.

HOWEVER IT IS NOTED THAT 0-6 KM BULK SHEAR IS WEAK AND MAINLY ONLY
AROUND 20-25 KTS OFF LATEST SREF GUIDANCE... ALTHOUGH VERY BRIEFLY
HIGHER VALUES ARE NOTED OVER OUR FAR NW FCST AERA. UPPER LEVEL
SUPPORT FOR MORE ORGANIZED CONVECTIVE DEVELOPMENT PASSES BY WELL
NORTH OF OUR FCST AREA. INSTABILITY IS FCST TO DIMINISH RATHER
QUICKLY FROM MID TO LATE EVENING. SO THE OVERALL THREAT FOR SEVERE
WX LATE THIS AFTERNOON THROUGH THE LATE EVENING HOURS IS RATHER
LOW/MARGINAL.

IT WILL BE BREEZY AND MUCH COOLER/DRIER WEDNESDAY WITH MAX TEMPS
ONLY REACHING THE 70S. SKIES WILL CLEAR WEDNESDAY NIGHT AS HIGH
PRESSURE BUILDS IN FROM THE NW. HIGH PRESSURE WILL PRODUCE MOSTLY
SUNNY SKIES THURSDAY WITH MAX TEMPS IN THE MID TO UPPER 70S.

.LONG TERM...(THURSDAY NIGHT THROUGH MONDAY)
ISSUED AT 325 AM EDT TUE JUL 22 2014

THE MAIN CHALLENGE WITH THE LONG TERM FORECAST IS THE SHOWER AND
TSTM POTENTIAL OVER THE COMING WEEKEND. GUIDANCE CONTINUES TO
SUGGEST THAT THE PRIMARY CORRIDOR OF HEAVIER MCS ACTIVITY WILL BE
SOUTHWEST/SOUTH OF MICHIGAN FRIDAY THROUGH SUNDAY... FROM ERN IOWA
TO INDIANA.  HOWEVER WE MAY STILL BE IMPACTED BY THE NRN PERIPHERY
OF THESE CONVECTIVE COMPLEXES WITH PERIODS OF SHOWERS AND SCATTERED
TSTMS...AIDED BY WEAK SHORTWAVES IN THE FAST W/NW FLOW ALOFT.

A RATHER POTENT LOOKING SHORTWAVE IS PROGGED TO DROP DOWN FROM THE
NORTHWEST SUNDAY NIGHT AND MONDAY... AND THE GFS/ECMWF ARE IN GOOD
AGREEMENT ON THIS FEATURE. BEST POPS WILL EXIST DURING THIS
PERIOD... FOLLOWED BY HIGH CONFIDENCE BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES
BEHIND THIS SYSTEM FOR MOST OF NEXT WEEK.

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 12Z TAFS THROUGH 12Z WEDNESDAY MORNING)
ISSUED AT 750 AM EDT TUE JUL 22 2014

THE PRIMARY AVIATION CONCERN FOR TODAY WILL BE THE INCREASING
SOUTHWEST SFC WINDS WHICH WILL BE GUSTING TO 20-25 KNOTS AT MOST
LOCATIONS BY NOON. STRONGEST GUSTS SHOULD BE AT MKG.

THE FOCUS THIS EVENING FOR THE TERMINALS WILL BE THE LINE OF SCTD
TSTMS WHICH MOVES SOUTHEAST THROUGH SRN LWR MI FROM 23Z-06Z. THE
STORMS WILL IMPACT MKG FIRST AND JXN LAST... BUT ANY ONE LOCATION
SHOULD ONLY SEE ABOUT A 2-4 HOUR WINDOW OF TSTMS IN THE VICINITY.
A BRIEF PERIOD OF IFR IS POSSIBLE WITH ANY TSTM OTHERWISE LIGHT
MVFR FOG/HAZE EXPECTED THIS EVENING DUE TO THE HIGH DEW POINTS
NEAR 70 AHEAD OF THE APCHG COLD FRONT.

STORMS WILL EXIT BY 06Z... BUT THE POTENTIAL FOR SOME MVFR CIGS
WILL DEVELOP AFTER 09Z. SFC WINDS WILL SHIFT TO THE NORTH TONIGHT
BEHIND THE COLD FRONT AND WILL PROBABLY REMAIN GUSTY AT TIMES...
ESPECIALLY AT MKG.

&&

.MARINE...
ISSUED AT 325 AM EDT TUE JUL 22 2014

A SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY AND BEACH HAZARDS STATEMENT CONTINUES IN
EFFECT FROM GRAND HAVEN NORTHWARD TODAY. WAVE HEIGHTS SHOULD REACH
3 TO 5 FEET WITH HIGHEST WAVES WITHIN THAT RANGE ANTICIPATED NORTH
OF KMKG UP TOWARD THE POINTS. STRONGEST WINDS/HIGHEST WAVES WILL
OCCUR FROM MID MORNING THROUGH MID EVENING.

ANOTHER SMALL CRAFT AND BEACH HAZARDS STATEMENT WILL EVENTUALLY
BE NEEDED FOR WEDNESDAY FOR STRONG NORTHERLY FLOW BEHIND THE COLD
FRONT. THE HIGHEST WAVES WEDNESDAY WILL OCCUR SOUTH OF GRAND HAVEN.


&&

.HYDROLOGY...
ISSUED AT 334 PM EDT MON JUL 21 2014

WIDESPREAD SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL LOOKS UNLIKELY TUESDAY NIGHT AND
WEDNESDAY. GENERALLY WE ARE EXPECTING A QUARTER TO THREE QUARTERS
OF AN INCH OF RAINFALL WITH HIGHER AMOUNTS POSSIBLE IN HEAVIER
THUNDERSTORMS. NOT ALL LOCATIONS ARE EXPECTED TO RECEIVE RAINFALL
WITH THIS COLD FRONT. WITH A FAIRLY QUICK MOVING LINE OF CONVECTION
ALONG THE FRONT...FLOODING IS A GREATLY MITIGATED THREAT. RIVERS
HAVE BEEN FALLING STEADILY AND ASIDE FROM A TEMPORARY BUMP IN SOME
LEVELS ON WEDNESDAY THIS TREND SHOULD CONTINUE FOR THE REST OF THE
WEEK.

&&

.GRR WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MI...BEACH HAZARDS STATEMENT THROUGH THIS EVENING FOR MIZ037-043-050.

LM...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 11 PM EDT THIS EVENING FOR LMZ847>849.

&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...LAURENS
SHORT TERM...LAURENS
LONG TERM...MEADE
AVIATION...MEADE
HYDROLOGY...HOVING
MARINE...LAURENS






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