Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Des Moines, IA

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FXUS63 KDMX 280522
AFDDMX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Des Moines IA
1222 AM CDT SAT MAY 28 2016

...Updated Aviation Discussion...

.SHORT TERM.../Tonight/
Issued at 349 PM CDT Fri May 27 2016

Negatively-tilted H300 trough axis currently over the Texas
Panhandle will lift northeast tonight into east central KS, helping
to fuel the next round of showers and storms for Iowa. At the
surface, a broad surface trough encompasses the state with multiple
embedded outflow boundaries courtesy of this morning`s convection.
The break between these two rounds of precis will be short-lived,
with the next round of multi-cellular convection already developing
across eastern Kansas and western Missouri. Most synoptic and
mesoscale models are in good agreement on the timing of this precis
but are struggling with the overall areal extent and amounts. Leaned
towards the 27.18Z HRRR and GFS with the placement of the heaviest
rainfall/highest POPs. Axis of elevated H700-500 mixing ratios will
lift north through Iowa between 00 and 09Z with the best chance of
heavy rainfall over the southeast CWA. RUC/NAM/GFS soundings for Des
Moines and west are rather dry below 800mb, lending further
confidence in the heaviest rainfall falling in the east. Localized
heavy rainfall will be the biggest threat from these storms tonight
given the weak to modest instability profiles and weak flow below
600 mb.

.LONG TERM.../Saturday through Friday/
Issued at 349 PM CDT Fri May 27 2016

The primary concerns remain the slow evolution of the current Plains
long wave trough and the next northern stream long wave cycle toward
the middle of next week. Potent short wave/PV anomaly should be
right along the NE/IA border at 12z with fairly decent synoptic
scale rise/fall couplet moving through northern Iowa. The high res
models do not depict the areal coverage one might expect versus this
degree of forcing, but confidence is still there that weak
convection will be lifting toward the Minnesota border in the 09-15z
time frame so pops remain high. Peak heating convection will likely
follow, mainly over central and southeastern sections by
afternoon as well. MLCapes looks to be in the 1.5-2.5k j/g range
with only moderate deep bulk shear. Thus agree with SPC midday Day
2 outlook pulling the Marginal Risk back farther to the north and
west. None of the threat probs are particularly high, but hail,
wind and tornadoes are all still on the table depending on how
much cells organize due to limited shear. Even non-supercell
tornadoes are possible considering low LCLs and 0-3km Capes 100
j/kg or more.

The potential should decrease into the evening with the loss of
large scale forcing and heating with only low chances relegated to
far northeastern sections into early Sunday morning. This will lead
to a relative min and dry break Sunday into Sunday Night before the
attention again turns upstream. Unfortunately the evolution of the
long wave pattern next week is not clear cut with initially some
timing issues with the surface reflections into Tuesday, and the
degree of long wave phasing into Thursday. There is low confidence
in this time window with individual GEFS H5 members leaning both
toward the operational run and the ECMWF. As far as sensible
weather, this would result in relatively higher confidence in
weak warm advection convection crossing the Missouri Valley Sunday
Night into Monday. This could potentially continue into Tuesday as
well, but questions arise with regard to the proximity to the
surface trough and potential low level convergence during
afternoon peak heating. The faster ECMWF solution would be more
conducive with the slower GFS less so and favoring weak warm
advection precis lingering into the night with a farther west
genesis region. The ECMWF would suggest precis exiting with
mainly dry northwest flow while the GFS hangups up a drifting
upper low through the Central Plains. Would tend to favor more
phased ECMWF solution at this point with the GEFS and ECMWF
ensembles pointing in that direction and although neither are
great, the ECMWF has slightly better run to run continuity and
passes the eye ball test better. Thus have keep only some slights
going into the end of the next work week lending the GFS just a
little credence.

&&

.AVIATION.../For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Saturday night/
Issued at 1213 AM CDT Sat May 28 2016

Widespread SHRA with some TSRA expected across the region overnight
as an upper level storm system moves through. Mainly VFR conditions
expected...except for some brief MVFR vsbys or cigs especially at
the KOTM and KDSM terminals. Expect a temporary lull in precip
chances on Saturday morning across the south...but returning by
midday before moving out by late Saturday evening.

&&

.DMX Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
Flash Flood Watch until 7 AM CDT this morning for Adair-Adams-
Appanoose-Cass-Clarke-Davis-Decatur-Lucas-Madison-Mahaska-Marion-
Monroe-Ringgold-Taylor-Union-Wapello-Warren-Wayne.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...Skow
LONG TERM...Small
AVIATION...Zogg



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