Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Green Bay, WI

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FXUS63 KGRB 191953
AFDGRB

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GREEN BAY WI
253 PM CDT SAT APR 19 2014

FORECAST DISCUSSION FOR ROUTINE AFTERNOON FORECAST ISSUANCE

.SHORT TERM...TONIGHT AND SUNDAY
ISSUED AT 252 PM CDT SAT APR 19 2014

RAIN CHANCES AND TIMING ARE THE MAIN CONCERNS IN THE SHORT TERM.

DRY AIR ACROSS THE FORECAST AREA WILL NEED TO BE DISPLACED BEFORE
ANYTHING MORE THAN SPRINKLES CAN GET STARTED. 12Z GRB SOUNDING WAS
DRY BELOW 700MB AND SURFACE DEW POINT DEPRESSIONS WERE AROUND 20F
DEGREES IN MOST LOCATIONS.

A CLOSED 500MB CYCLONE IS EXPECTED TO MOVE FROM MANITOBA AT 00Z
SUNDAY TO JAMES BAY BY 00Z MONDAY. FLOW AT 500MB LOOKS PRETTY FLAT
ACROSS WISCONSIN. UPPER DIVERGENCE ASSOCIATED WITH A 300MB JET AND
40 PLUS KNOT 850MB JET INTO NORTH CENTRAL WISCONSIN ARE EXPECTED
TO BRING RAIN CHANCES THERE FOR LATE AFTERNOON/EARLY EVENING.
CONVERGENCE WITH AN APPROACHING COLD FRONT WILL PROVIDE THE FOCUS
FOR RAIN ACROSS THE REST OF FORECAST AREA TONIGHT INTO SUNDAY.
MODELS SHOWED A BAND OF HIGHER RH MOVING THROUGH THE STATE TONIGHT
AND SUNDAY WHILE THE 12Z NAM 700MB QVECTORS SHOWED AN BAND OF
STRONG CONVERGENCE PASSING THROUGH THE AREA.

THERE WAS SOME SURFACE BASED CAPE AROUND 500J/KG IN NORTHERN
WISCONSIN EVIDENT ON THE 12Z NAM AND MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES LOOKED
PRETTY MARGINAL FOR THUNDER SO HAVE NOT ADDED IT TO THE
FORECAST...THOUGH IT MAY NEED TO BE ADDED TONIGHT OR ON THE
MIDNIGHT SHIFT IF CONDITIONS APPEAR MORE FAVORABLE. KEPT AREAS OF
FOG IN NORTH CENTRAL WISCONSIN TONIGHT WITH HIGHER RH AIR PASSING
ACROSS THE DEEP SNOW PACK THERE.

KEPT PRETTY CLOSE TO THE PREVIOUS FORECAST...COMBINING IT WITH A
BLEND OF SOME OF THE BEST PERFORMING GUIDANCE...FOR LOWS TONIGHT
AND HIGHS ON SUNDAY.

.LONG TERM...SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY
ISSUED AT 252 PM CDT SAT APR 19 2014

LITTLE CHANGE IN THE GOING FORECAST AT THIS TIME. TWO MAIN
PERIODS OF PRECIPITATION TO FOCUS ON. SUNDAY NIGHT INTO MONDAY
EVENING AND AGAIN LATER IN THE WEEK STARTING WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON
OR EVENING.

FOCUS OF ANY PRECIPITATION STARTING OUT SUNDAY EVENING WILL BE
ALONG OR NEAR A WEST TO EAST BOUNDARY PROGGED TO STRETCH OVER
CENTRAL WISCONSIN. BESIDES WEAK SURFACE CONVERGENCE AND LIMITED
MOISTURE...APPEARS LITTLE SUPPORT AT THE ONSET.  LATER AT
NIGHT ANOTHER SHORT WAVE TROUGH WORKS INTO THE STATE TO PROVIDE
LIFT. RRQ OF AN UPPER JET SLIDES OVER MONDAY TO CONTINUE TO SUPPORT
SHOWERS BEFORE THE FROPA SHIFTS EAST MONDAY NIGHT.

HIGH PRESSURE TO DOMINATE OVER THE REGION TUESDAY THROUGH MOST OF
WEDNESDAY BEFORE THE NEXT FRONTAL SYSTEM IS PROGGED TO APPROACH
THE REGION FROM THE CENTRAL AND NORTHERN PLAINS.

AT THIS TIME MODELS IN GENERAL AGREEMENT WITH LIFTING A WARM FRONT
NORTHWARD OVER THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES REGION WEDNESDAY NIGHT FOLLOWED
WITH A COLD FRONT PASSAGE THURSDAY AFTERNOON INTO THURSDAY NIGHT.
WILL FOCUS ANY THUNDERSTORM MENTION WITH THE FRONTS AT THIS
TIME...PARTICULARLY THE COLD FRONT WITH TOTAL TOTALS APPROACHING
THE LOWER 50S LATE THURSDAY AFTERNOON. TODAYS RUNS ARE ALSO SUGGESTING
A DRY SLOT WORKING OVER THE STATE LATER THURSDAY NIGHT BEFORE WRAP
AROUND PCPN WORKS BACK OVER THE STATE ON FRIDAY.
&&

.AVIATION...FOR 18Z TAF ISSUANCE
ISSUED AT 1259 PM CDT SAT APR 19 2014

EXPECT VFR CONDITIONS TO PREVAIL THROUGH AT LEAST EARLY THIS
EVENING...THOUGH A BRIEF SHOWER OR TWO WITH MVFR/IFR CIGS/VSBY IS
NOT TOTALLY OUT OF THE QUESTION AFTER ABOUT 00Z. WINDS INCREASING TO
AROUND 40 KNOTS 1000-1500 FEET OFF THE SURFACE WILL RESULT IN LLWS
ACROSS THE AREA OVERNIGHT. CIGS ARE EXPECTED TO LOWER FROM NORTHWEST
TO SOUTHEAST DURING THE NIGHT. MVFR CIGS AND IFR VSBYS ARE
EXPECTED TO DEVELOP IN LIGHT RAIN AND FOG ACROSS NORTH CENTRAL
WISCONSIN. WEAK SURFACE FLOW WILL COMBINE WITH THE RAIN AND
MELTED SNOW OVER THE REMAINING SNOW PACK TO PRODUCE FOG. CONDITIONS
THERE SHOULD IMPROVE A BIT...TO MVFR CIGS/VSBY...DURING THE
MORNING. MVFR CIGS AND VSBYS SHOULD DEVELOP IN CENTRAL WISCONSIN
LATE TONIGHT/EARLY SUNDAY MORNING AND PERSIST THROUGH 18Z.
CONDITIONS SHOULD BE MAINLY VFR WITH SOME MVFR CIGS/VSBYS...IN
EAST CENTRAL WISCONSIN...DURING THE MORNING ON SUNDAY.
&&

.GRB WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM.....MG
LONG TERM......TDH
AVIATION.......MG






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