Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Billings, MT

Home | Current Version | Previous Version | Text Only | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
000
FXUS65 KBYZ 242045
AFDBYZ

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BILLINGS MT
145 PM MST WED DEC 24 2014

.SHORT TERM...VALID FOR THU AND FRI...

DISCUSSION WILL BEGIN WITH A QUICK UPDATE ON THE WIND CONDITIONS
COVERED BY A HIGH WIND WARNING IN THE LIVINGSTON AND NYE AREAS.
SUSTAINED WINDS HAVE CONTINUED TO STAY ABOVE 35 MPH FOR MOST OF
THE DAY...WITH GUSTS WELL INTO THE 50 MPH RANGE AT TIMES AT THE
KLVM ASOS. AN EARLIER TRAFFIC INCIDENT SHUT DOWN INTERSTATE 90
NEAR THE CITY OF LIVINGSTON...BUT IT HAS NOW REOPENED. THE WINDS
WILL EVENTUALLY SHUT DOWN WHEN THE ANTICIPATED COLD FRONT MOVES
DOWN FROM THE NORTHWEST LATER TODAY. DUE TO THE GRADUAL DYING
DOWN OF THE WINDS THIS AFTERNOON...WILL GO AHEAD AND CANCEL THE
REMAINDER OF THE HIGH WIND WARNING WITH THE ISSUANCE OF THE
AFTERNOON PACKAGE.

NOW...ONTO THE SNOW POTENTIAL FOR TONITE AND TOMORROW. MODELS ARE
STILL ON TRACK IN BRINGING A WHITE CHRISTMAS TO MOST OF THE
REGION. THE TIMING OF THE COLD FRONTAL ARRIVAL IS STILL THE
INITIAL TRIGGER FOR THE ONSET OF PRECIPITATION. AT THIS
TIME...EXPECTING THE COLDER AIR TO MOVE INTO THE BYZ CWA SOMETIME
THIS EVENING. THERE WILL BE A BRIEF TRANSITION FROM RAIN TO SNOW
AS THE COLDER AIR MOVES IN. THIS BEARS WATCHING...AS ANY
SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL PRIOR TO THE ARRIVAL OF THE COLDEST AIR WOULD
ALTER THE LANDSCAPE OF AREA ROADS SIGNIFICANTLY. THE SNOW MAY
START IN LOCATIONS NEAR BILLINGS BY 8 PM LOCAL TIME...WITH THE
HEAVIEST SNOW RATES CULMINATING DURING THE OVERNIGHT HOURS. BY
CHRISTMAS MORNING...MOST OF THE AREA WILL BE BLANKETED WITH
SEVERAL INCHES OF THE WHITE STUFF.

THE SYSTEM IS DYNAMICAL IN NATURE...WITH A COUPLED UPPER LEVEL JET
STREAK SYSTEM SETTING UP OVERNIGHT OVER THE WESTERN DAKOTAS AND
EASTERN MONTANA. Q VECTOR CONVERGENCE WILL BE ENHANCED IN A NW TO
SE ORIENTATION THROUGH THE CENTRAL PORTIONS OF THE CWA. THESE
FORCING MECHANISMS COUPLED WITH THE ARRIVAL OF COLDER AIR WILL
ACT TO ENHANCE SNOWFALL AMOUNTS THROUGHOUT THE REGION. SOME AREAS
WILL LIKELY SEE LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS...IF A MESOSCALE BAND FORMS
OFF OF ANY OF THE HIGHER TERRAIN.

ALL BUT ONE COUNTY...FALLON...ARE COVERED BY EITHER A WINTER
WEATHER ADVISORY OR WINTER STORM WARNING. THE WARNINGS HAVE BEEN
CONFINED TO THE FOOTHILL AND HIGHER TERRAIN LOCATIONS. THE BIG
HORN MOUNTAINS ARE THE ONLY EXCEPTION HERE...AS CURRENT FORECASTS
FOR SNOWFALL AMOUNTS WILL REMAIN UNDER WARNING CRITERIA...UNLESS
SUBSEQUENT SHIFTS DEEM THE UPGRADE NECESSARY.

THE MAIN IMPACTS TO ALL OF THE ABOVE FALL UNDER THE REALM OF
HOLIDAY TRAVEL. OBVIOUSLY WITH MANY PEOPLE TRAVELING FOR
GATHERINGS...THEY WILL NEED TO REMAIN WEATHER AND ROAD CONDITION
ALERT BEFORE LEAVING FOR THEIR DESTINATIONS. SLICK AND SNOW
PACKED ROADS ALONG WITH DIMINISHED VISIBILITIES ARE THE BIGGEST
THREATS. PLEASE ALLOW EXTRA TIME TO ARRIVE AT YOUR DESTINATION.
SINGER

.LONG TERM...VALID FOR SAT...SUN...MON...TUE...WED...

AFTER A QUIET SATURDAY WITH ONLY A SLIGHT CHANCE FOR SOME LIGHT
SNOW IN THE HIGHER ELEVATIONS...MODELS ARE STILL DIVERGENT WITH
THE FORECAST INTO NEXT WEEK. WHILE THE MODELS HAVE THE GENERAL
PATTERN...MUCH OF THE FINER DETAILS ARE VERY UNCERTAIN. THE GFS
IS MUCH MORE AGGRESSIVE WITH THE TROUGH ACROSS THE WEST SUNDAY
INTO MONDAY THAN THE ECMWF OR THE GEM. ALL OF THE GUIDANCE IS
STILL SHOWING SOME SNOWFALL ACROSS THE AREA. FORCING WILL BE MUCH
WEAKER WITH THIS SYSTEM COMPARED TO THIS CHRISTMAS SYSTEM...SO AM
STILL EXPECTING AMOUNTS TO BE MUCH LIGHTER...MAYBE A FEW INCHES.

TRENDS WITH TEMPERATURES ARE STILL TOWARDS COLDER. THE SPREADS
ARE STILL RATHER LARGE IN THE ENSEMBLE MODELS. SINCE THESE
TEMPERATURES ARE SIGNIFICANTLY COOLER THAN THE AREA HAS BEEN
HAVING...AM LEANING A LITTLE MORE TOWARDS THE RAW CONSENSUS
VALUES. THE LATEST ECMWF CAME IN ESPECIALLY COLD FOR TEMPERATURES
DROPPING BILLINGS DOWN BELOW 0 DEGREES FOR HIGHS TUESDAY...BUT
AGAIN THE SPREADS ARE LARGE AND THE OPERATIONAL RUNS ON THE COLDER
SIDE OF THE ENSEMBLE ENVELOPE. REIMER

&&

.AVIATION...

WINDS AROUND LIVINGSTON WILL DECREASE AS A COLD FRONT MOVES
THROUGH THE AREA EARLY THIS EVENING. VFR CONDITIONS WILL
DETERIORATE LATE THIS AFTERNOON/EARLY EVENING BEGINNING WITH A MIX
OF RAIN AND SNOW POSSIBLE AND TRANSITIONING TO WIDESPREAD SNOW
ALONG WITH IFR TO LIFR CONDITIONS AFTER 06 UTC. EXPECT FLIGHT
CONDITIONS TO REMAIN POOR THROUGH MUCH OF CHRISTMAS DAY. REIMER

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMP/POPS...

    THU     FRI     SAT     SUN     MON     TUE     WED
-----------------------------------------------------------
BIL 028/029 008/024 008/026 016/021 003/013 902/010 000/027
    ++/S    31/B    11/B    25/S    42/S    11/N    11/N
LVM 028/029 003/025 002/027 014/020 904/010 907/011 002/021
    ++/S    51/B    12/S    25/S    31/E    21/B    11/N
HDN 028/029 008/025 005/025 012/022 004/013 902/010 901/024
    ++/S    32/J    11/B    14/S    42/S    21/B    11/N
MLS 027/028 011/024 011/027 016/020 001/011 904/007 904/019
    86/S    22/J    11/B    14/S    42/S    11/B    11/B
4BQ 028/029 011/023 008/025 012/023 002/012 905/007 904/018
    9+/S    32/J    11/B    13/S    42/S    21/B    11/B
BHK 026/027 007/019 009/024 012/018 001/008 908/002 909/013
    86/S    21/B    11/B    14/S    32/S    11/B    11/B
SHR 026/027 004/021 001/025 011/023 001/014 905/009 006/019
    ++/S    61/B    10/B    13/S    52/S    21/B    11/B

&&

.BYZ WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MT...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY IN EFFECT FROM 5 PM THIS AFTERNOON TO
      5 PM MST THURSDAY FOR ZONES 28>32-34>36-39>42-57-58-63>65.
     WINTER STORM WARNING IN EFFECT FROM 5 PM THIS AFTERNOON TO 5
      PM MST THURSDAY FOR ZONES 38-56-66-67.
     HIGH WIND WARNING IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 PM MST THIS EVENING FOR
      ZONES 65-66.
WY...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY IN EFFECT FROM 5 PM THIS AFTERNOON TO
      5 PM MST THURSDAY FOR ZONE 98.
     WINTER STORM WARNING IN EFFECT FROM 5 PM THIS AFTERNOON TO 5
      PM MST THURSDAY FOR ZONE 99.

&&

$$
WEATHER.GOV/BILLINGS


USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.