Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Billings, MT

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FXUS65 KBYZ 262118
AFDBYZ

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BILLINGS MT
318 PM MDT TUE MAY 26 2015

.SHORT TERM...VALID FOR WED AND THU...

UPPER LOW CONTINUES TO MOVE VERY SLOWLY OVER EASTERN WA...AND THIS
FEATURE WILL BE THE MAIN WEATHER-MAKER OF CONCERN OVER THE NEXT
THREE DAYS. WEAK RIDGE AXIS IS OVER EASTERN MT...AND DIFFLUENCE
ALOFT HAS ALLOWED FOR SCATTERED SHOWER AND TSTM ACTIVITY TO
DEVELOP OVER OUR WEST AND CENTRAL PARTS AND EXTENDING TOWARD THE
BLACK HILLS. SHEAR IS WEAK SO NOT EXPECTING STORMS TO STRENGTHEN
FOR ANY LENGTH OF TIME...BUT LOCALLY HEAVY RAIN AND SMALL HAIL ARE
POSSIBLE THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF THE AFTERNOON AND EARLY EVENING.

SHORTWAVE OVER THE NORTHERN GREAT BASIN WILL LIFT ACROSS OUR
REGION LATE TONIGHT AND WEDNESDAY. THIS WILL BRING US A PERIOD OF
SHOWERS LATE TONIGHT AND TOMORROW MORNING...AND EVENTUALLY HEAVIER
SHOWERS IN THE HIGHER PWAT AIRMASS OF OUR FAR EAST BY TOMORROW
AFTERNOON. HAVE ADJUSTED NOCTURNAL POPS TO ACCOUNT FOR THIS AS
MODELS ARE IN GOOD AGREEMENT. COULD SEE A PERIOD OF SUBSIDENCE
WHICH MAY LIMIT SHOWER/TSTM POTENTIAL IN OUR WEST AND CENTRAL
PARTS FOR A GOOD PART OF THE DAY ON WEDNESDAY...BUT STILL
EXPECTING ACTIVITY BY LATE AFTERNOON AND EVENING IN OUR FAR
WEST...AGAIN PER THE DIFFLUENCE ALOFT ASSOCIATED WITH UPPER LOW TO
OUR WEST. HAVE ADJUSTED POPS DOWN A NOTCH FOR CENTRAL AREAS
INCLUDING BILLINGS WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON AND EVENING. EASTERN MT
SHORTWAVE WILL EXIT BY EVENING.

LOW TO OUR NW WILL OPEN UP AND SLIDE ACROSS OUR REGION THU INTO
FRI GIVING US A GOOD CHANCE OF SHOWERS DURING THIS PERIOD. THOUGH
THE ENERGY WILL BE PROGRESSIVE...PERIOD OF DEEPENED UPSLOPE FLOW
WILL ENHANCE THE PCPN ESPECIALLY FOR OUR SOUTHERN FOOTHILLS FROM
THU AFTERNOON THRU FRI MORNING. THIS INCLUDES SHERIDAN COUNTY
WHICH HAS SEEN QUITE A BIT OF RAIN SINCE THE WEEKEND. WILL FOLLOW
THE SREF HERE AND FEEL THAT AN ADDITIONAL 0.75 INCHES OF RAIN IS A
GOOD POSSIBILITY ACROSS AREAS SUCH AS EASTERN SHERIDAN COUNTY...
WITH THE POTENTIAL FOR A LITTLE MORE IF MOIST UPSLOPE FLOW
PERSISTS A BIT LONGER. HAVE RAISED POPS/QPF ACCORDINGLY FROM THU
AFTERNOON THRU FRI MORNING. THIS PCPN WILL LIKELY KEEP WATER
LEVELS ELEVATED ALONG STREAMS EMERGING FROM THE BIGHORNS. ENERGY
WILL EXIT FRI NIGHT AS DRIER CANADIAN SFC RIDGE SLIDES OVER THE
NORTHERN PLAINS AND EASTERN MT.

TEMPS THE NEXT COUPLE DAYS WILL STAY CLOSE TO LATE MAY NORMALS.
FRI WILL BE THE COOLEST DAY OVER THE REMAINDER OF THE WEEK WITH
HIGHS ONLY IN THE 60S...COURTESY OF NE FLOW DRAWING COOLER AIR
FROM THE NORTH.

JKL

.LONG TERM...VALID FOR FRI...SAT...SUN...MON...TUE...

SATURDAY AND SUNDAY WILL SEE A ZONAL FLOW ACROSS THE REGION WHICH
WILL PROMOTE MIXING AND WARMER TEMPERATURES. SLOW MOVING WEAK
UPPER LOW OVER ALBERTA DURING THIS PERIOD WILL SUPPORT ISOLATED TO
SCATTERED SHOWER AND THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY WITH LONG RANGE MODELS
HINTING AT SOME DRIER CONDITIONS ON SUNDAY WHICH MAY DECREASE
COVERAGE.

MORE IMPORTANT PATTERN SETS UP MONDAY INTO TUESDAY AS BOTH ECMWF
AND GFS SHOW FLOW ALOFT BECOMING SOUTHWESTERLY IN ADVANCE OF A LOW
MOVING INTO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST. THIS SUPPORTS LOW LEVEL FLOW TO
BECOMING SOUTHEASTERLY WHICH WILL ADVECT HIGHER DEWPOINTS UP FROM
THE PLAINS INTO THE REGION. DIFFERENCES ON THE POSITIONING OF A
SURFACE LOW DURING THIS TIME FRAME CAUSE SOME UNCERTAINTY TO
WHERE THE BEST MOISTURE WILL SET UP BUT WITH TEMPERATURES STAYING
ON THE WARMER SIDE IT DOES LOOK LIKE A PATTERN FOR STRONGER
THUNDERSTORMS. WILL BE WATCHING THIS PERIOD FOR A WINDOW FOR
POTENTIAL SEVERE WEATHER. BORSUM
&&

.AVIATION...

SCATTERED THUNDERSTORMS AND SHOWERS EXPECTED INTO THE EVENING
HOURS WITH BRIEF MVFR CONDITIONS WITH THE STRONGER STORMS.
INCREASED SHOWER COVERAGE OVER THE WESTERN HALF OF THE AREA
INCLUDING KLVM EXPECTED OVERNIGHT WITH AREAS OF MOUNTAIN
OBSCURATIONS. BORSUM

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMP/POPS...

    WED     THU     FRI     SAT     SUN     MON     TUE
-----------------------------------------------------------
BIL 051/071 050/070 048/063 046/078 052/080 054/080 052/077
    54/T    46/T    64/W    22/T    22/T    23/T    33/T
LVM 044/067 044/066 045/063 044/073 047/076 049/077 046/070
    56/T    56/T    64/W    23/T    33/T    33/T    33/T
HDN 049/073 049/073 048/066 045/079 051/082 054/083 053/079
    55/T    35/T    64/W    22/T    22/T    23/T    33/T
MLS 053/072 052/075 048/066 045/075 052/080 056/081 055/077
    46/T    43/T    43/W    13/T    32/T    22/T    23/T
4BQ 051/071 050/073 049/063 044/072 051/079 055/080 055/077
    46/T    34/T    55/W    22/T    22/T    22/T    23/T
BHK 049/071 049/073 045/062 039/067 045/076 052/077 053/075
    27/T    43/T    33/W    11/U    12/T    22/T    23/T
SHR 047/069 046/068 046/060 042/072 047/077 050/077 051/075
    65/T    36/T    66/W    22/T    22/T    23/T    34/T

&&

.BYZ WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MT...NONE.
WY...NONE.

&&

$$
WEATHER.GOV/BILLINGS


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