Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Quad Cities, IA IL

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FXUS63 KDVN 032053

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Quad Cities IA IL
253 PM CST Sat Dec 3 2016

Issued at 251 PM CST Sat Dec 3 2016

A modified cold air mass is located over Iowa and Illinois, under a
blanket of stratus. Dewpoints are in the mid 20s to near 30, an
important factor to consider when this air mass is expected to
saturate later tonight. Snow is already falling in northern KS and
southeast NE, part of a wave of strong waa forcing which will sweep
over the upper Midwest tonight and Sunday.


.SHORT TERM...(This Evening through Sunday)
ISSUED AT 251 PM CST Sat Dec 3 2016

The mostly cloudy afternoon has served to keep our boundary layer
cold, and in most locations, kept the ground temperature from seeing
any notable heating. I feel this negates the warm ground inhibition
to our snow event, except on roads. Models are now in excellent
agreement on bringing a solid band of snow through our area between
Midnight and early afternoon Sunday.

The onset of snow prior to sunrise should keep temperatures
isothermal through Sunday morning in the lower 30s, thus with the
exception of the southwestern counties, I feel the transition to
rain will only occur in the waning minutes of the event, and is not
a major component to the day`s weather. With a 100mb depth of
dendritic layer of saturated forcing aloft, snow may be moderate and
made of large flakes as it falls. If we were in the 20s at the
surface, I would be on board with a 4 to 6 inch event, but with the
boundary layer and ground slightly above freezing during the event,
amounts will be lower. As we have been saying, the highest accums
will be on grassy surfaces, but even there there will be compaction
due to the wet snow conditions. Thus, amounts of 2 to 4 inches
should be widespread in the north half, especially in Iowa. Farther
south, warmer bounday layer temperatures will lead to a lower ratio,
and amounts of 1 to 3, are expected. As far as advisory conditions,
that is going to be tricky, as the hazard is exclusively slippery
roads. That is again likely in the northern 1/2 of so of the area,
mainly in Iowa where the event is more established prior to dawn.
I`m trying to determine where impacts are separated from short term
slush over some roads, compared to packed snow through the Sunday
morning church and shopping travel period.

Snow, changing to light rain, will end from west to east from late
morning through mid afternoon east. Additional amounts will likely
be under 1 inch in the northeast 1/3, but for simplicity sake, will
keep the advisory going through 3 pm.


.LONG TERM...(Sunday Night through Saturday)
ISSUED AT 251 PM CST Sat Dec 3 2016

Sunday night through Tuesday...Except for a few lingering flurries
in the northeast Sunday evening, expect clearing skies and dry
conditions into Monday with passing sfc ridge lobe. Will go with
lows in the mid to upper 20s over fresh snow cover, with a few areas
of fog possible toward Mon morning if sfc winds decouple enough.
Although the models show southerly return flow increasing on Monday
and boosting temps well up in the 40s acrs the southern 2/3`s of the
fcst area, am a little skeptical with lingering snow cover and melt
process robbing from thermal warm up potentail and will undercut
temp guidance some...more areas could be held back in the 30s.

Then eyes turn to the lift out path of the deep southeastern
plains/lower MS Valley low Mon night. Handling of interaction of the
northern plains long wave trof by the 12z GFS, lifts the low out far
enough to the southeast that the local area stays dry through Tue.
The 12z ECMWF has adjusted a bit more southeast and just clips the
southeastern quarter of the CWA very late Mon night and Tue morning,
with thermal profiles suggesting mainly rain initially and then
mixing with wet snow Tue AM before exiting off to the east-northeast
by afternoon. The 12z NAM is the more progressive and furthest
northwest with the llvl low pressure pathway, bringing mainly a cold
rain acrs west central IL to Princeton IL by mid Mon evening, then
expanding further northwest to the Quad Cities and NW IL into Tue
morning mixing with and changing over to wet snow along the way. The
NAM would produce at least 1-2 inches from MLI to Freeport IL and
points east By midday Tue, but it is the outlier. For now will go
with low to moderate CHC POPs Mon night into Tue morning siding more
with the ECMWF, and just advertise a wet dusting to a few tenths
from 06z-15z Tue along the I80 corridor from the Quad Cities on
east. Lows Mon night upper 20s in the northwest, to the lower 30s in
the southeast. Highs held in the 30s for Tue.

Wednesday and Thursday...This period will look to be characterized
by an significant arctic intrusion out of western Canada and down
into the eastern Rockies and central CONUS along with large strong
sfc high pressure. Most of the major 12z run medium range models
including the ECMWF do not phase the next slug of southern stream
energy for it to be much of a factor locally during the mid week.
The 12z ECMWF and GEM just bring light secondary snow acrs the
southern 2/3`s or half of the CWA later Wed and Wed night of an
inch or less, with cold air advection wringing out areas of
flurries into Thu. The main story will be windy and sharply colder
conditions into the end of the week...highs in the 20s or even
teens after Wed. Overnight lows both Wed and Thu night well down
in the teens with even some single digits possible north of I80.
Wind chills around zero or even colder both Thu and Fri mornings.

Next Friday and Saturday...Flattening and more progressive flow
pattern with embedded upper jet will bring slight thermal
modification Fri and Fri night. Then the same flow pattern will
look to shuttle the next upstream impulse somewhere acrs the mid
CONUS sometime over the weekend according to the latest GFS and
ECMWF. How far north or south the main energy and phasing occurs,
as well as moisture availability and precip amounts still very
much up in the air at this point and taking into account recent
longer range model output inconsistencies. But right now it looks
like snow chances increasing later Sat and Sat night.    ..12..


.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Sunday Afternoon)
ISSUED AT 1111 AM CST Sat Dec 3 2016

Widespread stratus will continue today and tonight, though in the
afternoon hours and evening hours today it will be mainly lower
VFR in nature, as cigs have lifted to 3000 to 3500 in most spots
over eastern Iowa and Illinois. Late this evening into the
overnight, snow will spread over Iowa and Illinois, with a
prolonged period of IFR/LIFR snow and low cigs expected from 09z
through 18z Sunday. Visibilities may be as low as 1/2 mile at
times in snow and fog during that period. Snow accumulation on
runways will be mainly slushy, and should not form any ice as it
will be slightly above freezing while the snow fall Sunday.



IA...Winter Weather Advisory from 2 AM to 3 PM CST Sunday for Benton-

IL...Winter Weather Advisory from 2 AM to 3 PM CST Sunday for Bureau-
     Carroll-Henry IL-Jo Daviess-Putnam-Rock Island-Stephenson-



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