Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Grand Rapids, MI

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FXUS63 KGRR 210729

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Grand Rapids MI
329 AM EDT THU JUL 21 2016

Synopsis/Short Term/Long Term/Marine

Issued at 301 AM EDT Thu Jul 21 2016

A high pressure system centered over the Central Appalachians will
continue to generate a southwest flow here in Michigan into
Friday. As a result...the hot and very humid airmass in the Middle
Mississippi Valley will continue to advect into the Great Lakes
Region. A relatively weak cold front will slip down from the
Northwest on Friday. Out ahead of this feature there will be a
risk for scattered thunderstorms...a few of which could be
severe...mainly tonight. Locally heavy rainfall will likely occur
as well.


.SHORT TERM...(Today through Saturday)
Issued at 301 AM EDT Thu Jul 21 2016

The main challenge in the short term deals with any headline
changes and the potential for severe weather.

I kept the heat advisory going for much of the region as not much
has really changed in the latest runs of the models. We are still
looking at a hot and increasingly humid airmass flowing in from
the southwest. Temperatures are likely to climb above 90 degrees
today and Friday. Overnight lows are expected to remain in the
70s...especially with the surface dewpoints forecasted to climb
well into the 70s today and tonight. Convection could alter the
temperatures today into Friday. If the complex currently in MN
tracks into the CWA this afternoon...the warmest part of the day
may end up being late this morning into the early afternoon hours.

Slight risk for severe weather continues mainly for this afternoon
and tonight. The complex across MN still looks vigorous and has
been forward propagating. SPC mesoanalysis still has 4000 j/kg ml
cape ahead of it with effective deep layer shear around 40 knots.
Models have been trying to diminish this system and do not seem to
have a good handle on it. I think we will need to monitor this
feature closely for a possible afternoon severe weather event here
in SW MI.

Tonight the front presses down from the northwest. Considering we
will have a very moist and unstable airmass in place along with a
LLJ...the risk for strong convection exists. Very heavy rain could
accompany any of the stronger cells with pwat values topping 2
inches and surface dewpoints well into the 70s. Will keep the high
pops going for tonight. The risk for storms persists into Friday
as well...mainly across southern parts of the CWA

.LONG TERM...(Saturday night through Wednesday)
Issued at 301 AM EDT Thu Jul 21 2016

Hot humid weather will remain in place through the weekend. However
a cold front moving across Michigan Sunday will likely generate
showers and thunderstorms, some of which may be strong to severe.
Plenty of instability will be in place with highs in the upper 80s
and dewpoints in the 70s. Additionally, the LLJ noses into the
western cwa by early afternoon and bulk shear values increase to 35
knots, suggesting that some convective organization will be

The front should move east of the cwa by Sunday evening. Slightly
cooler air will flow in behind it and highs will fall to the lower
to mid 80s Monday and Tuesday, both of which look dry at this point.
Thunderstorm chances will increase again Wednesday as a warm front
moves toward the cwa.


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Thursday night)
Issued at 127 AM EDT Thu Jul 21 2016

Dewpoints will increase into the lower 70s today and we may see
some haze develop. There is a potential for thunderstorms this
morning and again tonight. The potential this morning is pretty
low and depends on what happens to the cluster of storms moving
toward Wisconsin currently. If they move southeast across
Wisconsin, it`s possible the outflow from them may produce a storm
or two across Lower Michigan. The better chance of storms will
occur after 03z. Included a vcty comment late in the period.


Issued at 301 AM EDT Thu Jul 21 2016

Close call for small craft conditions and beach hazards this
afternoon and evening...mainly north of Muskegon. The forecasted waves
are running about a foot too high right the model
forecasted 4 footers off of Little and Big Sable points may not
quite get that high. How the approaching convection
evolves/diminishes will likely impact the some
uncertainty exists.  Will need to monitor trends closely.


Issued at 332 PM EDT Wed Jul 20 2016

The main hydro concern through the end of the week will be localized
flooding due to heavy rainfall. Showers and storms are expected
mainly Thursday afternoon into early Friday morning. With low
confidence in coverage, the pattern will continue to support some
locations not seeing enough rain and some locations getting too much
too quickly.

Basin-average rainfall of a half inch to 1 inch is forecast, but
strong thunderstorms could produce localized rainfall totals well
over 1 inch. As is typical with summer convection, rainfall totals
will probably vary substantially over short distances.


.GRR Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
MI...Heat Advisory from 1 PM this afternoon to 7 PM EDT Friday for



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