Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Green Bay, WI

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FXUS63 KGRB 171152
AFDGRB

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GREEN BAY WI
652 AM CDT THU APR 17 2014

UPDATED AVIATION PORTION FOR 12Z TAF ISSUANCE

.SHORT TERM...TODAY...TONIGHT...AND FRIDAY
ISSUED AT 351 AM CDT THU APR 17 2014

CHANGES TO PCPN TRENDS AND WINTER WEATHER HEADLINES THIS MORNING
ARE THE MAIN FCST CONCERNS.

IMPRESSIVE DEFORMATION ZONE WAS MOVG ACROSS THE NW HALF OF WI EARLY
THIS MORNING...WITH THE ENHANCED SOUTHERN EDGE ALIGNED FROM ABOUT
MERRILL TO IRON MOUNTAIN. POCKETS OF MODERATE TO HEAVY SNOW HAVE
DEVELOPED OVER NC WI DURING THE PAST HOUR. PCPN WAS FINALLY WORKING
ITS WAY INTO EASTERN WI...AS STRONG DYNAMICS ASSOCIATED WITH A
NEGATIVELY-TILTED S/W TROF...UPPER DIVG...FGEN FORCING AND WAA
ARRIVED. PCPN TYPE WAS SNOW NORTH OF A LINE FROM AUW-MNM...WITH
MAINLY RAIN OVER C/EC WI.

EXPECT MODERATE TO HEAVY SNOW TO CONTINUE NW OF A LINE FROM RRL-IMT
THROUGH ABOUT 13Z-14Z...AND THIS SUPPORTS A CONTINUATION OF THE
CURRENT ADVISORY/WARNING HEADLINES. HOWEVER...TEMP/RH/OMEGA
TIMESECTIONS SHOW THAT THE SNOW SHOULD QUICKLY TAPER OFF OVER
NORTHERN WI DURING THE 14Z-16Z PERIOD...AND SHOULD ACTUALLY CHANGE
OVER TO RAIN OR DRIZZLE AS MOISTURE SHALLOWS OUT...RESULTING IN
A LACK OF ICE CRYSTALS IN THE REMAINING SATURATED LAYER. SFC
TEMPS SHOULD BE AT OR A LITTLE ABOVE FREEZING BY THEN...SO DON`T
ANTICIPATE ANY SIGNIFICANT ICING ISSUES. WITH THESE TRENDS IN
MIND...WILL CHANGE THE EXPIRATION TIME OF THE HEADLINES TO 11 AM...
AND THE DAY SHIFT MAY EVEN BE ABLE TO CANCEL THEM A LITTLE
EARLIER.

LINGERING LIGHT RAIN OR DRIZZLE WILL PULL OUT OF FAR NE WI DURING
THE EARLY AFTERNOON...FOLLOWED BY GENERALLY DRY CONDITIONS FOR
THE REST OF THIS AFTERNOON...TONIGHT AND FRIDAY. WILL NEED TO KEEP
AN EYE ON FRIDAY THOUGH...AS THE LFQ OF A JET STREAK AND A S/W TROF
WILL MOVE THROUGH FAR NE WI DURING THE DAY.

USED A BLEND OF THE BETTER PERFORMING GUIDANCE SETS FOR MAX/MIN
TEMPS THE NEXT COUPLE DAYS. MADE SOME MINOR DOWNWARD ADJUSTMENTS
OVER THE SNOW COVERED NORTHWOODS...AND SLIGHT UPWARD ADJUSTMENTS
OVER C/EC WI. BELOW NORMAL TEMPS WILL CONTINUE.

.LONG TERM...FRIDAY NIGHT THROUGH WEDNESDAY
ISSUED AT 351 AM CDT THU APR 17 2014

MEDIUM RANGE MODELS ARE IN DECENT AGREEMENT THROUGH THE LONGER TERM
PERIOD WITH ONLY SLIGHT DIFFERENCES IN TIMING OF PRECIP THIS
WEEKEND.  A BLEND OF THE GFS AND ECMWF SHOULD SUFFICE.

FRIDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY NIGHT...A SURFACE RIDGE AXIS WILL BE
OVERHEAD AT THE START OF FRIDAY EVENING...BUT THEN WILL SHIFT
TOWARDS THE CENTRAL GREAT LAKES OVERNIGHT.  SHOULD SEE TEMPS FALL
QUICKLY OVER N-C WISCONSIN WHERE CLEAR SKIES AND FRESH SNOW COVER
WILL ALLOW FOR GOOD RADIATIONAL COOLING CONDITIONS.  BUT THE
GRADIENT WILL TIGHTEN LATE ALONG WITH MID AND HIGH CLOUDS ARRIVING
WHICH SHOULD CAUSE TEMPS TO REBOUND.  WILL TRY TO SHOW THIS TREND IN
THE GRIDS.  THEN RETURN FLOW RAMPS UP ON SATURDAY AHEAD OF SHORTWAVE
ENERGY MOVING ACROSS SOUTH-CENTRAL CANADA. INCOMING MID-LEVEL THETAE
AXIS AND MID-LEVEL FGEN WILL CREATE AN INCREASING CHANCE OF
SHOWERS...MAINLY DURING SATURDAY AFTERNOON.  LOWER CONDENSATION
PRESSURE DEFICITS POINT TOWARDS NORTHERN WISCONSIN HAVING A BETTER
CHANCE THAN ELSEWHERE...WHICH IS ALSO SUPPORTED BY DRY SOUTHEAST
SURFACE FLOW.  THIS THETAE AXIS ALONG A DECAYING COOL FRONT WILL
THEN SAG ACROSS THE REST OF THE AREA SATURDAY NIGHT.  SEEMS LIKE A
DECENT CHANCE FOR RAIN EVERYWHERE WITH PWATS INCREASING TO 1.25
INCHES.  PREVIOUS SHIFT ALREADY INCREASED POPS SUBSTANTIALLY...AND
THIS LOOKS GOOD.

REST OF THE FORECAST...THE FRONT WILL SLOWLY SAG SOUTH ON SUNDAY BUT
STILL IMPACT THE SOUTHEAST HALF OF THE FORECAST AREA WITH LIGHT
RAIN.  WILL INCREASE POPS OVER EAST-CENTRAL WISCONSIN.  LIGHT RAIN
COULD POTENTIALLY LINGER INTO MONDAY OVER EAST-CENTRAL WISCONSIN
BEFORE THE FRONT FINALLY IS PUSHED SOUTHEAST OF THE REGION.  THEN
DRY AND SEASONABLE CONDITIONS UNTIL THE NEXT CHANCE OF RAIN ARRIVES
NEXT WEDNESDAY.
&&

.AVIATION...FOR 12Z TAF ISSUANCE
ISSUED AT 648 AM CDT THU APR 17 2014

CONDITIONS WILL VARY GREATLY EARLY THIS MORNING...FROM LIFR/VLIFR
IN HEAVY SNOW OVER PARTS OF NC/FAR NE WI...TO VFR ACROSS EAST
CENTRAL WISCONSIN. THE SNOW AND MIXED PCPN (FARTHER SOUTH) WILL
TAPER OFF BY MID TO LATE MORNING...THOUGH LOW CLOUDS WILL KEEP
IFR/MVFR CONDITIONS IN PLACE FOR MUCH OF THE DAY. IMPROVING
CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED LATE THIS AFTERNOON OT EARLY EVENING.
WILL NEED TO WATCH TO SEE IF FOG OR LOW CLOUDS WILL PERSIST/DEVELOP
OVER THE DEEP SNOW PACK OVER NC/FAR NE WI TONIGHT.
&&

.GRB WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 11 AM CDT THIS MORNING FOR WIZ005-
010>012.

WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY UNTIL 11 AM CDT THIS MORNING FOR WIZ013-
018-019-021.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM.....KIECKBUSCH
LONG TERM......MPC
AVIATION.......KIECKBUSCH






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