Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Cheyenne, WY

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FXUS65 KCYS 250005
AFDCYS

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Cheyenne WY
605 PM MDT TUE MAY 24 2016

.UPDATE...
Issued at 1006 AM MDT Tue May 24 2016

Ongoing forecast looks to be in good shape. did pull severe
thunderstorm wording back west a little bit more to include
Cheyenne. Current SPC Mesoanalyst page showing a slight cap still
right along the east slopes of the Laramie Range that breaks
around 17Z. Latest EMCWRF shows convection beginning shortly after
that time. Could be looking at severe thunderstorms initiating
around 20-21Z along the I-25 corridor (Chugwater) with storms
congealing into a possible squall line late afternoon into the
central and northern Panhandle towards 00Z.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Thursday)
Issued at 145 AM MDT Tue May 24 2016

The main concern with this portion of the forecast is where the
convection will initiate today and where the best chance of severe
storms will be.

Today-Tonight:
Latest water vapor loop continues to show 60 to 70 kt of jet energy
moving out of the southwest with broad scale upper level diffluence
developing over the Rockies. It appears the leading edge of the
potential vorticity anomaly (pva) is in Northern Utah. The main
challenge for today will be where this pva ends up this afternoon
and where the convection will initiate. Latest NAM solution is
showing this anomaly affecting the northern Laramie Range early
this afternoon. Interestingly enough the experimental HRRR/local
WRF solutions are showing the initial development of the
convection this afternoon taking place in the northern Laramie
Range as well around 18-19z. If this ends up panning out, then we
may have an early threat for strong to severe storms further north
around Lusk and the Northern Panhandle. However, I am not as
confident that the low level moisture will get that far north with
these storms possibly having higher bases. However, the low level
shear (0-1km) is around 20 to 25kts at Chadron near a boundary
which may favor some brief high based tornados. However, the main
threat still appears to be large hail and damaging wind.

Further south, it is a matter of timing of when the second piece
of pva moves into northern Colorado and southern Wyoming. The
local WRF/HRRR are both showing convection developing by 21z.
These storms will certainly have more moisture to work with which
will tend to favor lower cloud bases especially in the southern
Panhandle. Effective bulk shear values will generally range from 45
to 50 kt, which will also favor rotating updrafts. A couple of
these storms may also have a threat of becoming supercellular with
even a possible brief tornado.

Most of this convection should move northeast at 30 to 35 mph, but
the right moving supercells will generally move east at 30-40 mph.

All of this convection may merge into a broken squall line between
00z-03z, but most of it should exit the forecast area by around
03z.

Tuesday night-Thursday:
We are a bit worried about some gusty winds following the line of
convection this evening. Models are showing good downward vertical
motion which may allow for some good mixing before sunset. Beyond
Tuesday night more upper level energy is progged to dive southeast
from Montana on Wednesday. Ahead of this upper level energy we will
see good downslope flow which will favor rather mild temperatures
before the next wave moves through the Rockies on Thursday and
brings cooler and wetter conditions.

.LONG TERM...(Thursday night through Monday)
Issued at 330 AM MDT Tue May 24 2016

The medium range models have been consistent with the timing and
track of the upper low affecting the central Rockies and plains
Thursday night and Friday. This system will widespread showers and
thunderstorms, with snow showers as snow levels drop to 9000 feet.
Refer to the Hydrology section for details on precipitation amounts.
It will be cooler than normal with highs in the 60s to near 70,
with 40s and 50s for the high country.

Precipitation coverage decreases somewhat this weekend and early
next week as a short wave ridge develops along the Front Range
ahead of the next upper trough moving into the Northwest CONUS.
The best chances for convection will focus over the higher terrain,
with more isolated coverage across the plains. The southwest flow
aloft between a upper ridge over the central CONUS and upper trough
axis to over the Northwest CONUS will allow temperatures to warm
to seasonal normals with highs in the mid 60s-mid 70s, and mid
50s-mid 60s for the high country.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Wednesday evening)
Issued at 553 PM MDT Tue May 24 2016

The main concern this evening is the line of convection moving
through the KSNY taf site. This convection has maintained its
strength during the last couple of hours, but has remained below
severe limits. May see some gusty winds up to 35kts with small
hail in this cluster of storms. This cluster of storms may affect
the KAIA taf site as well during the next couple of hours as well,
but should not be as impactful as KSNY. The other cluster of
storms just west of KCDR may affect that taf site as well during
the next couple of hours. Could see some small hail and gusty
winds to 30 to 40 mph with this cluster as well. After this
cluster of convection exits the area...clearing skies are expected
during the remainder of the evening with gusty west winds tomorrow
at speeds of 20 to 30 mph.

&&

.FIRE WEATHER...
Issued at 145 AM MDT Tue May 24 2016

Fire weather concerns will be minimal during the next several days
due to chances of precipitation through the period and mostly wet
fuels from greenup.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
Issued at 300 AM MDT Tue May 24 2016

Cool temperatures will persist through the end of the week with
morning lows in the upper 20s-lower 30s and and afternoon highs
in the mid 40s-lower 50s for the mountains. These cool temperatures
should slow the snowmelt into the streams and tributaries of the
Upper North Platte and Laramie rivers. A low pressure system will
be moving across the central Rockies Thursday and Friday, with the
potential for widespread precipitation on the order of a quarter
to half inch. Locally higher amounts will be possible with
thunderstorms. The southeast Wyoming mountains may receive one to
three inches of snow, especially above 9000 feet. Will continue to
monitor the impacts of rain on snow on area rivers, creeks and streams
this weekend.

&&

.CYS Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
WY...None.
NE...None.
&&

$$

UPDATE...GCC
SHORT TERM...REC
LONG TERM...MAJ
AVIATION...REC
FIRE WEATHER...REC
HYDROLOGY...MAJ



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